A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry|Analysis
Playwrights of Color
A Raisin in the Sun
“To be young, gifted and black” (Lorraine Hansberry) is an expression which is frequently related to Lorraine Hansberry, which comes from the collection of autobiographical pieces which were created by her ex-husband in her honor when she died. Throughout the years, people from all walks of life have actually concerned America with dreams of a much better life, in many different areas such as social, educational, and affordable chances in addition to political and religious liberties. With these desires and dreams, the phrase “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness” (Mitchell), which to numerous Americans embodies the American dream, can become a reality or just a harsh tip of what the American dream represents because for some it becomes a reality however for numerous, they are never ever able to reach their dream. She composed the play A Raisin in the Sun to reveal individuals that supporting loved ones members is necessary through the tough and attempting time. If you have the ability to strive and genuinely believe in yourself, dreams can become a reality in one type or another. The American dream to each individual, no matter age, race or gender has a various significance.
A Raisin in the Sun is essential due to the fact that it crosses over the continued debate of racial and gender concerns which emerged during the time this play was written, and even during today day and age. Lorraine Hansberry was born in Chicago in 1930. Through her earlier years, Hansberry’s moms and dads sent her to public school rather than independent schools in a demonstration against the partition laws. In 1938, the Hansberry household was one of the very first African American households to move into an all white community. After moving in, the neighbors threatened them with violence and legal action, but the Hansberry’s would not tolerate any of it and Hansberry’s dad would later on bring his case all the way to the Supreme Court. When she lastly went to college, she ended up studying at multiple schools consisting of, the “University of Chicago; at the Art Institute of Chicago; at the New School of Social Research Study in New York City; in Guadalajara, Mexico; and at the University of Wisconsin”(Encyclodpedia of World Biography on Lorraine Vivian Hansberry). While attending college, she saw a school performance of a play by the playwright Sean O’Casey and decided to end up being an author.
In 1950, she wound up leaving of college and moved to New York. While in New york city, she chose to take classes in composing at the New School for Social Research study and ended up working as an associate editor of Paul Robeson’s newspaper/magazine Flexibility. During this duration of her life, she satisfied many leading African-American intellectuals, activists and popular writers, such as one famous writer, Langston Hughes. In 1953 Hansberry ended up weding Robert Nemiroff, who was white, likewise a graduate student in Jewish literature, a songwriter, and took part in participating in the political events of the time at the opposing discrimination at New york city University. Nemiroff got his substantial success with his hit song, ‘Cindy, Oh Cindy’, and after Nemiroff’s success, and Hansberry’s numerous part-time tasks, she was able to settle down and dedicate herself totally to writing. While composing, it ultimately took its type in a play, which came from a poem by Langston Hughes, called “Harlem”. The success of the play, A Raisin in the Sun, wound up winning the award for best play of the year, that made Lorraine Hansberry the first African American and the youngest American to win the New york city Drama Critics Circle Award.
“She used her brand-new popularity to help accentuate the American civil rights motion as well as African battles for independence from manifest destiny”(A Raisin in the Sun). After many years, Hansberry had marital problems with Nemiroff and they chose to divorce in 1964. Hansberry was only able to live long enough to see one other play, besides A Raisin in the Sun, be produced. On January 12, 1965, Hansberry died of pancreatic cancer at the young age of thirty-four. She wound up being one of the very first playwrights to represent genuine African American characters and their battles in day to day activities of African American life. This was shown in her play by the motivation of her own family’s resist the legal battles in segregated housing laws during her youth. The working title of A Raisin in the Sun was initially ‘The Crystal Stair’ after a line in an earlier poem by Langston Hughes, who was another African American playwright, poet, novelist, and narrative author.
Hansberry ended up altering the title of her play once again, after another one of Langston Hughes’ later poems, which asked: “What takes place to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-and then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it simply droops like a heavy load. Or does it blow up” (Hughes)? Produced and ended up in 1957, the play A Raisin in the Sun, was the very first drama by a black lady to be produced on Broadway. It took 2 years after it was finished, on March 1959, for the play to be revealed on Broadway at the Ethyl Barrymore Theater. From there, the Broadway production moved to the Belasco theatre and ran for 530 efficiencies, where it began making numerous awards. This play is unique in lots of aspects and covers many crucial issues. The play was unique due to the fact that it was the very first play to be produced on Broadway, composed and directed by an African American and the very first to have an all-black cast. The play acquired huge success although the producer, Phil Rose, had never ever produced a play, and large financiers were at first not thinking about it.
In all the places the play was revealed, New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, the audiences definitely loved it and soon thereafter it ended up being a huge success. With its big success and fame, it ended up having a long term in theater and was later on developed into a motion picture and after that, was later developed into a Broadway musical. The play, A Raisin in the Sun, is important in many different elements of daily life. With Lorraine Hansberry growing up how she did, in the community and time, she understood all about frustration, false hope and anguish. Hansberry’s ancestors likewise learnt about the tough times with exploitations, misery, aggravations and their dreams turning into dreadful nightmares as they came north to ideally discover a much better life. Hansberry tapes the history of her ancestor’s headaches in a Raisin in the Sun, by representing a classic story of the Younger household, struggling to recognize their dreams by escaping ghetto life. Hansberry’s movie script reveals the story of the Younger family, but it actually reveals the plight of all families and people who have at one point experienced or those who are living right now, in despair, have lost hope in their life and have stopped working dreams and goals.
Her immense commitment to this play, offers it its power for all individuals who read it and for those who end up handling it in everyday life. This play is an excellent choice for many different types of classes such as, literature, drama, history and film classes. The play will keep the attention of several types of individuals based off of the play’s action, dialogue, and cast of vibrant characters which captivate many different types of audiences from high school students through university student up to the adult readers. Young people withstand many different disappointments with their way of life and rebel against parents which can bring little satisfaction sometimes. Nevertheless, the teen who wishes to genuinely think that dreams do come to life and are not comprised, comes from the adolescent who is concealing below the cynical surface area, making the heart beat of the true idealist. “Through Hansberry’s careful craftsmanship, the universal themes of the significance of dreams and the frustration of dreams deferred, the strength of family, the value of not selling out, the problems of clashing expectations, the belief that love and trust will win over deceit and selfishness, and the risks of prejudice and stereotyping are as effective today as they were almost four years earlier when she wrote the play” (TeacherVision). Adolescents come from various families, with different kinds of issues and household structures, so they need exposure to the worths which are revealed within a traditional family, and this play delivers that without lecturing or preaching.
Another factor A Raisin in the Sun is very important is since of its historic worth. The play reveals the challenges and disputes by showing the provocative natures through the racial mindsets through time, starting around the 1950s making its way to the present. Bias is seen in many types, and the characters in Hansberry’s play along with the movie script’s visuals bring this theme to life like nothing ever could.;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; This play represents life in the racial or ethnic neighborhood in various and unique methods. The play is considered a turning location in American art due to the fact that it addresses many crucial concerns and disputes when this play was produced during the 1950s. The 1950s brought along the stereotyped age of the happy housewives and depicted the African Americans as being comfortable with their inferior status. These stereotypes resulted in the social resentment that would eventually discover public voice in the civil liberties motion and significance in later movements such as the feminist movements of the 1960s.
The play was also a revolutionary work for its time and can be shown by the way Hansberry created the African American Younger family, by depicting one of the first real and sincere depictions of a black household on an American stage.;; Generally in a play, groups or specific African-Americans were always depicted in the typical ethnic stereotyped functions and were displayed as little and comical but this play general portrays a united black family in a reasonable light, which ends up being far from the comedic style which most people may consider. Hansberry uses black dialect throughout the play and introduces essential issues, questions and issues which many other families during this time and even during the present day and time run into, such as hardship, discrimination, and the production of African-American racial identity. This play looks at the racial tensions in between the black and white communities in addition to checking out the stress within the black community itself. This can be revealed when the family attempts to reach their objectives in spite of the challenges of poverty and racism all around them, by putting a down payment on a house in an all-white suburb neighborhood and shortly after this, the household is hit with racism in an uncommon kind from the white neighborhood. Throughout the play, Hansberry asks tough and believed provoking questions about assimilation and figuring out ones real identity. One method this is shown, is through revealing Beneatha to a pattern of celebrating African heritage, through the character of Asagai (her sweetheart and possibly future partner).
Another important concern this play represents is how it addresses feminist concerns about another crucial concern, marriage. The topic of marital relationship turns up for Beneatha in this play towards the end, which Hansberry represents as not being essential for all women and that every women ought to have ambitious profession objectives rather of quiting on their dreams before they have a chance to combat for their own individual dreams. Hansberry likewise approaches an abortion debate, which is touched on throughout a time when abortion was not enabled and is still causing concern and a lot of questionable talk today. Having this play composed during the time duration and being produced when it was, was such a huge success for somebody with her status as being young, black and a female maturing in the 1950s. This demonstrated how much she overcame as a lady, how much individuals were starting to accept change and how people started understanding essential topics which required to be addressed throughout this time. No matter the age, race or gender of an individual, it shows just how essential the idealism of a single person’s, race and gender is in the pursuit of dreams and simply how vital dreams are in an individual’s life. As the play focuses mainly on dreams and what happens to the dreams in driving and motivating the primary character’s actions, emotions and sensations throughout the play, it likewise reveals what happens to individuals out in the real world.
Any negative dreams that take place in a person’s life, no matter the age, gender or race of a person, seem to stem from the truth that individuals are positioning stress and importance on things instead of on family pride and joy. Like the bottom line of this play says, if everyone tries to support and motivate their family, and not just focusing on themselves and being generous, they can lift each other up and support each other through the toughest of times. This can occur if you never ever give up hope on each other and never give up by yourself dreams.;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; This play concentrates on major concerns such as bigotry in between white and black neighborhoods, abortion, marital relationship, assimilation and finding one’s true identity but in the end the play comes down to an ageless point; dreams are what make everyone, white or black, push on in life in order to live each day like it was their last. A Raisin in the Sun is main, in the ongoing debate over racial and gender concerns, making this play an important cultural document in an essential period of American history.
“A Raisin in the Sun.” 2009.
SparkNotes. 15 November 2009 <