An Examination of Black Oppression in the Short Story Sonny’s Blues and the Speech I Have a Dream by Martin Luther King Jr.

“Sonny’s Blues” and “I Have a Dream”: Discussion of Black Injustice

In useful subjects, like mathematics, it is typically discredited to discover your own method of doing something. Trainees are anticipated to focus on their lessons and use the exact same methods that are presented to figure out problems that are given to them. Literature, a lot more liberal topic, allows for a writer to reach their conclusion through any means they see fit. This literary liberty results in many different pieces that have the exact same objective, theme, or message. James Baldwin’s “Sonny’s Blues” and Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech use 2 different strategies and styles to discuss the issue of black oppression in America. Baldwin’s short story utilizes the life of a fictional character to show the downsides and challenges typical in the lives of black Americans. King’s speech uses forceful metaphorical language and repeating to call his audience to action and fight racial partition. Both authors focus on the condition of black America, but what each chooses to do with the subject is entirely various in design and approach.

Baldwin uses a technique for providing the subject of racial inequality that presents his message through his characters and their experiences. Using fiction to go over a real life issue makes the writing more innovative and more accessible to a wider audience. The type of fictional political writing that is seen in Sonny’s Blues intends to integrate enjoyable reading with a clear, strength. Baldwin’s purpose in his strategy is to make his message more available to a wider audience. He writes so that all individuals might comprehend his writing, not simply his peers or other individuals of the exact same intelligence. The design Baldwin utilizes for his piece allows more people to read and understand his work than would if he were to have written an academic nonfiction essay on the exact same topic.

In “Sonny’s Blues” Baldwin informs the story of the struggle of black individuals with racial inequality using a nameless storyteller. The storyteller himself has a good life with a fairly uneventful training, an excellent task, and a family. The storyteller’s brother, Sonny, is not as lucky. Sonny, the character utilized as the poster for black drawback, is a heroin addict and dealer. He deals with imprisonment due to drugs, attempting to make his household proud, and finding a passion for something in his life. The author uses Sonny as an example of how young black guys in America can quickly fall onto the incorrect path as a result of the drawbacks that they acquire when they are born. In the start of the story, the storyteller discusses the day he discovered that his brother had actually been jailed for drug possession. In his story Baldwin composes, “… here I was, talking about algebra to a lot of kids who might, each of them for all I understood, be popping off needles every time they went to the head.” The narrator acknowledges the vulnerability of all his young trainees to be negatively interacted socially by their environments. He can see that they have the exact same possibility of falling prey to societal evils that Sonny did. The narrator knows that his bro’s difficulties are an outcome of the environment he grew up in and is therefore able to acknowledge his students’ vulnerability to decreasing that same road. This is the point that Baldwin makes. He suggests that black individuals grow up and make decisions based upon the strong impacts created by black injustice in the society they live in. He further argues that the choices they make tend to be negative and damaging.

Martin Luther King Jr., unlike Baldwin, took the most direct path possible to resolve the problem facing his people. While Baldwin’s fictional story took a more observational approach to the concern, King’s speech was direct. He looked his audience in the eye and pleaded with them to take action, warning that if they did not act their condition would not improve. He examined the scenario of Blacks in America and then informed them exactly what they required to do to fix it. In contrast to Baldwin’s laidback design, King wrote and delivered his speech with an extremely high level of urgency. Recognizing the directness, and sort of nonfiction, of King’s speech is not to say that it was not artfully crafted. “I Have a Dream” is of the most substantial speeches in American history. King’s speech is packed with metaphorical language, repeating, and other literary gadgets. The speech is a work of art that was used to motivate action. The objective in utilizing the regular metaphors and repeating in the speech is suggested to hold the audience’s attention and arouse feedback. King is clearly effective in achieving that goal due to the fact that throughout the speech, the audience is actively engaged and responsive. They concur verbally, they cheer, they yell. Like Baldwin, King’s aim in utilizing composing strategies that make his text more accessible is to make his message able to be communicated to a more comprehensive audience. He plays to the audience he has and it makes the speech extremely efficient.

While “Sonny’s Blues” and “I Have a Dream” use two entirely different structural techniques in bring up the topic of racial inequality, they do concentrate on similar points. One typical style in between the two works is unity. In “Sonny’s Blues” this topic is brought up in the scene between the narrator and Sonny’s mom. The mom informs the storyteller that he needs to look out for Sonny because Sonny has no one else. Baldwin utilizes this scene to go over how familial assistance and togetherness are exceptionally important in attaining success. King’s speech, too, includes unity as a central style. Though this declaration it is not written clearly, the speech is directed to the audience as a whole. He utilizes the term “we” throughout the entire speech to communicate that he and the audience and every black person are all in it together. The turnout of the audience integrated with the speech itself shows how important unity is and just how much of a difference it can make.

Discussion is a substantial part of composing. Demonstrated in James Baldwin’s “Sonny’s Blues” and Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech, the method of discussion that an author selects hugely affects how reliable a work remains in reaching its audience. Although Baldwin and King take a trip different roadways, they reach the exact same location: addressing racial partition in America. Baldwin highlights the daily reality of it and King issues an inspirational call to action.