Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis contains direct biographical references to Kafka and his family’s lives. Gregor’s father’s deceitful actions stem from Kafka’s hatred versus own his father for his relentless disapproval of Kafka’s writing. Kafka illustrates Gregor as a lonely, insignificant failure, since that is how Kafka sees himself. Franz’s failure to settle with a woman is calmly noted in Gregor Samsa’s character, as is Kafka’s low self esteem. While not quickly discovered, Kafka’s relationship with his youngest sister is mirrored in The Transformation in between Gregor and Grete as well. They get along very well for the majority of the story, but ultimately Gregor feels betrayed. Kafka utilized the characters in The Transformation to form a literary model of his own twisted relationships with his family members and himself.
Franz Kafka’s dark literary design is clearly initial, and has actually made him his reputation as one of the greatest 20th century writers. His odd works were sustained by incredible quantities of family stress and self hate. Much of this tension came from his daddy, Hermann Kafka, who Franz’s writing, way of life, and physique. Kafka’s father overshadowed him a lot, that Franz developed a stutter only when talking to his dad. In The Transformation Gregor Samsa’s father treats his boy with similar disrespect. When Gregor’s father sees Gregor in insect form outside of his room, he completely throws an apple at his child, nearly killing him. Previously in The Transformation it was exposed that Gregor had been the only working member of his household, offering his mother, daddy, and sis. Throughout this rich time, Gregor’s daddy had been conserving up cash but not telling Gregor anything about it. While this money was offered, Gregor had actually been working non-stop at a job which he disliked, to pay off his father’s debt. The connection between the twisted father-son relationships in both Kafka’s life and The Metamorphosis is undeniable and plainly indicate biographical components in The Metamorphosis.
The most dismaying aspect of Franz Kafka’s life was his utter seclusion from everyone and everything around him. As Jews, the entire Kafka household was isolated from the majority of the population of their house city, Prague. Additionally, Franz personally found himself more intellectually inclined than the majority of his ancestors. This prevented Franz from connecting to his heritage among other things. Kafka even proclaimed that he felt isolated from God Himself, whom he referred to as “the True Unbreakable Being”. If we project Kafka onto Gregor Samsa’s character once again, more similarities can be seen. Both were plenty old enough, but were not married and were forced to cope with their moms and dads. Gregor’s practice of locking all of his doors (even in your home) serves to further isolate himself from the rest of the world, including his household.
More resemblances can be discovered in even the most minute details of Kafka’s writing. At the start of The Metamorphosis when Gregor discovers that he is a pest he says that he remains in “a genuine space” suggested for human habitation. Making use of the word “human” isolates Gregor from the rest of his initial species in only the 2nd paragraph of the whole story. In Gregor’s room is an image of a woman in furs which he has actually become attached to over time. He climbs up the wall to avoid his mother and sister from taking it out of his space. Gregor’s accessory to this image represents his absence of contact with women besides his mom and sibling. Kafka himself was very comparable, in that he wanted the friendship of a lady very severely however never attained a marital relationship through either of his two engagements.
Samsa’s relationship with his sis, Grete, is another clear biographical reference to Kafka’s life. Samsa’s sis is the only one in Gregor’s home who can stand the sight of him, and takes the time to find out what he can consume. For Kafka, his youngest sis, Ottla, permitted him to relocate with her temporarily when he was especially ill. At one point in Kafka’s life he felt that he should stop working in the afternoons to do more writing, but his parents disagreed. In an unforeseen modification of sides, Ottla agreed with her parents, and Franz was forced to remain at work for complete days. This occasion made Franz feel as if he was betrayed by his own sister whom he had trusted more than anybody else in the household. Within 2 weeks, Kafka consisted of a similar occurrence at the end of The Metamorphosis in which Grete abandons all wish for Gregor’s healing.
Of all the animals that Samsa might have been become, a pest made the most sense when used to both the story and Kafka’s life. People tend to see bugs as unclean, unimportant creatures. Kafka’s unfavorable views of himself painted a picture of himself as an unimportant failure, similar to an insect. As soon as Gregor is unable to earn the family money, he becomes an insignificant failure, once again like a pest. Samsa’s self esteem gradually spirals downward till he finds that he is much better off dead than alive to his family. This might be another biographical recommendation to the various times that Kafka contemplated suicide due to his low self-confidence.
Kafka’s father’s disapproval and psychological abuse ground down Kafka’s psyche up until he felt inferior to the rest of the world. This psychological abuse required Kafka to compose in his own dark, reasonable style and turn to writing as his primary source of expression. Since he felt inferior, the only way that Kafka might resist at his father was to do so in his writing. In The Transformation, Kafka represents himself as Gregor, his dad as Gregor’s daddy, and his sibling as Gregor’s sister. Franz makes unfavorable declarations about his daddy through Gregor’s dad’s ideas and actions, and reenacts his relationship with his sis in between Gregor and Grete. Kafka uses Gregor’s insect kind to show his own seclusion and inability to communicate with the rest of the world. Doubtlessly, The Metamorphosis was written as a direct biographical recommendation to Kafka’s life, seclusion, and constant household dispute.