Analysis of to Kill a Mockingbird
I wish to examine the extract from a book which is entitled “To eliminate a mockingbird”. The author is Harper Lee, an American author known for her 1960-Pulitzer-Prize-winning and who is considered now by numerous to be a literary icon. Harper Lee was born in 1926 in the state of Alabama. In 1945-1949 she studied law at the University of Alabama. Her novel ‘To kill a mockingbird’ which deals with the concerns of bigotry that were observed by the author as a child in her hometown was awarded the Pulitzer Reward in 1961. The book became a global bestseller and was adjusted into screen in 1962.
The story of “To kill a mockingbird” occurs during a troubled time in the South. At that time black individuals were treated as people of lower level than white individuals and racial tensions were running high in the South as an entire, particularly in Alabama. People all over the US followed events like the Scottsboro occurrence, 1955 bus boycott and also Martin Luther King’s increase to management. Harper Lee is stated to have actually been affected by these events quite. Though many details of To Eliminate a Mockingbird are obviously autobiographical she has firmly insisted that the book is a work of fiction.
The text under analysis belongs to the group of imaginary texts. The literary pattern is realism. The book is dazzling and powerful and it is renowned for its warmth and humor, in spite of handling the severe concerns of rape and racial inequality. The story takes place throughout 3 years of the Great Depression in the imaginary “worn out old town” of Maycomb, Alabama. In the novel the author paints a true and vibrant picture of that time. A Negro was falsely implicated of raping a white lady. Rhe extract’s scene takes place in the Supreme Court in 1936.
At the starting the author pays readers attention to the main character of the story, Atticus, who is a defender. Then the author passes on the in-depth description of Atticus’s speech to the jury from which we find out that he occuses a young girl who tempted a black guy. The author depicts how Atticus defending Tom Robinson, tries to persuade the jury that it was she, Bob Ewell’s child, who broke the code because her desires were stronger and we see Atticus providing the court with some proofs securing the black male.
After that he describes Thomas Jefferson’s speech stressing that in the court all individuals were equivalent, in spite of being black or white. He ends his speech by asking the jury to make an ideal decision. Further on we find out that the jury voted and went over the case for a long time and finally brought in a decision Robinson’s guiltiness which ought to be followed by the death penalty. It is very important to evaluate the title of the book, which has really little connection to the plot, however it is a sort of a symbol of the entire circumstance. In this story, the “mockingbird” pertains to represent the idea of innocence.
Thus, ‘to kill a mockingbird’ is to damage innocence. As we see this story is a genuine masterpiece of true-to-life description. Speaking about the structure of the story, it is represented rather vividly. There is the exposition, which is at the beginning, where the author composes how Atticus provides his speech to the jury. The exposition is followed by the risking– the speech of Atticus. And the climax is the moment, when the primary character interest people’s feelings and values. The result is the decision which is believed to be unjust.
So, we can make a conclusion that this is the anticlimax of the extract. When Atticus finishes, he leaves the court– space, this is the story’s falling, however still being the extract of the novel, it has the open end. In spite of the reality, that the story has the sharp end, the author handled to reveal the main idea. The rigid social divisions and the problem of racial discrimination are clearly displayed in the book. The author wishes to reveal that all men are created equivalent and everybody has the very same rights. Besides Lee illustrates how terrible people can be particularly when they deal with somebody who is various from them.
Speaking about the main characters of the story we can’t prevent the detailed description of Atticus Finch who is said to be the voice of factor in the town and in the novel. He is described indirectly, that is the character is exposed through actions, thoughts, speech and appearance, it assists the reader to produce the image of Atticus Finch rather easy. He is a protagonist of the book; he may be defined as round and fixed, because there are no transformations in his mood throughout the story. Being a successful lawyer he is a great father; he desires his kids to grow up moral and truthful individuals.
In spite of the risks of the Ku-Klux-Klan, Atticus was eager to use up this case and did his best. It characterizes him as a really brave person, because this organization was horrible and popular for their bloody deals. The members of the Ku-Klux-Klan lynched not just blacks but likewise those who supported them. He is an honest man who represents morality and justice in To Eliminate a Mockingbird. Atticus can be defined as a guy with kind heart as he really sympathized Tom and felt indignant for the wrongly implicated male. He feels he is accountable to take Tom Robinson’s case and safeguard him to the best of his capabilities.
Atticus is sometimes extremely optimistic, however his unshakable hope in humanity and self-created role as the town ‘do-gooder’ sustain him. He is an excellent speaker, since his speech is arranged rationally and rhythmically. He understands how to attract their attention. Atticus resolves the jury “gentlemen”, showing his regard for them. Using simile “he was talking with the jury as if they were folks on the post office corner” the author wished to reveal that he is not going to ingratiate with them. Another simile shows him being a quick-witted man as he states “This case is as basic as black and white” and the other “a lie as black as Tom Robinson’s skin”.
The allusion of the Yankees and Thomas Jefferson’s speech also give us a particular picture of a well-read guy and it likewise help Atticus in some way to affect the Jury. The author uses the anaphora when such crimes can’t be used to a particular race of guys: “Some Negroes lie, some Negroes are unethical, some Negro males are not to be relied on around women …” There is likewise a really intriguing case of the repeating with the parallelism, which seems to be the author’s mindset towards the bureaucracy of the court: “The foreman handed a piece of paper to Mr. Tate who handed it to the clerk who handed it to the judge. The vibrant example of repetition of the word “guilty” pronounced by Judge Taylor after the polling of the grand jury shows us the tension in the space. In the Atticus’es speech we can likewise find a phenomenon of antithesis: “there is one human organization that makes a pauper the equal of a Rockefeller, the silly guy the equivalent of an Einstein and the ignorant guy the equal of any college president”. Here the author stresses the great void between the rich and the poor. By the word a Rockefeller the author suggests a very rich male, and by the word an Einstein– a very ignorant one.
The other character of the story is Tom Robinson, a young strong Negro who was charged with raping a white girl, however in reality, he is not guilty. The method of his explaining is masterfully blended: it is direct and indirect all at once. The character is flat, that is he is reasonably straightforward and doesn’t not alter throughout the entire course of a work. Tom is also stated to be a lead character of the story as well as his accused being contradicted to the prejudiced society. He is explained by Atticus as a peaceful, decent, simple Negro.
Such epithets help us to picture the character more colourfully. We can definitely state that he is too naive and easy that we can’t assist sympathizing him. Which is more he is a bit helpless, but we understand how hard it was to eliminate for the rights at that time particularly when the matter worried bblack guys. In this story he is represented as a victim of the society, of its prejudice to the Blacks. His only guilt is his colour of skin. Explaining the Mayella Ewell, a lady who accused Tom in raping, Atticus utilizes the strong metaphor saying that she is the victim of poverty and ignorance.
Hereafter he utilizes the reliable parallel construction stating that “She knew complete well the enormity of her offense …, she did continued., she did something every kid has done, she tried to put the evidence of her offense far from her”. Discussing her character we need to state about her irresponsibility for her actions and words as it was she who in fact seduced a guy. To be more specific we can explain her lost morality and lack of education and upbringing itself. It is not a surprise judging by her dad’s habits in the court. He is much more oblivious and ill-natured than his daughter.
The design prevailed in the extract is oratorical. Its primary function is persuasion of the audience. The speaker, Atticus, uses a lot of stylistic devices in his speech in order to persuade the jury that his offender is innocent. The most often used is the epithet. The story has plenty of the epithets a stiff and time– honored code; a code so severe; any God-fearing, standing firm, reputable white male; a peaceful, reputable, modest Negro; the negative confidence; the evil assumption; Judge Tailor’s voice was tiny which express the author’s attitude toward what he explains.
They contribute to the expressiveness and intensity of the legal representative’s speech. The metaphor is another figure of speech used in the text; it requires no sifting of complicated realities; no code mattered to her before she broke it, but it came crashing down on her afterwards; a phrase that the Yankees … love hurling at us; hounded from our middle as unsuited to live with. Human society is compared to a flock of dogs which pester a wild animal during hunting.
There is just one example of paradox in the text and so quite reputable, humble Negro who had the unmitigated temerity to sympathize with a white lady. Paradox shows the attitude of the author to particular truths or events and produces a funny result. In the speech of Atticus Finch also such stylistic gadgets as allusion: Thomas Jefferson when said; In the name of God; and antonomasia: a Rockefeller, an Einstein are used. Simile is used by the author, too: … we know remains in itself a lie as black as Tom Robinson’s skin … this case is as basic as black and white. The speaker intensely chooses such word as black to refer the audience to Tom Robinson’s racial belonging which should not take any matter for them. In spite of lexical stylistic gadgets a variety of syntactical stylistic gadgets are utilized. The among them which helps the author to catch the reader’s attention is the repeating, in the text we find different kinds of repetition. Among them is catch repeating: … which she had performed in an effort to get rid of her own guilt.
I say, regret, gentlemen …; … she has actually simply broken a rigid and time-honored code of our society, a code so serious that whoever breaks it is honored from our middle … Anaphora: … that all Negroes lie, that all Negroes are essentially unethical being, that all Negro men are not to be relied on around our lady …; and the truth is this: some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around our women …; … she persisted in breaking it. She persisted and … Normal repeating: A court is just as sound as its jury, and a jury is just as noise as the men who make it up.
The repeating is often utilized to make the speaker’s meaning clear, to lay greater focus on his declarations. Emphasis in the text is likewise attained by: using the verb “to do”… it does require you to be sure …; the emphatic word order all around us and in the terrace on the opposite wall the Negroes were getting to their feet … It was interesting to see that in the speech of the attorney gradation occurs: initially, the speaker discusses the name of Thomas Jefferson, then the Supreme Court and, lastly, the name of God. Hence, the gradation is Thomas Jefferson– the Supreme Court– God.
We can see the suspense in the speech of Finch when he states that Robison can’t be guilty, “but somebody in this court space is”. The narrative itself is full of epithets and metaphors. For example, the looks in the court are specified as “frightened”. Atticus concludes his closing declaration using Thomas Jefferson’s words– “all males are developed equivalent”. Discussing the peculiarity of Harper Lee’s language, the language of the story primarily official with use of law terminology, making a reader an individual of the occasions in the courtroom: medical evidence, witness, court-room, jury, case, guilt of the accused, interrogation.
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This shows that Lee studied at the law school and understood the subject perfectly. Besides, these words produce the real atmosphere of the court. It assists the reader to feel the tension of the characters. In conclusion I wish to say that the book has plenty of the deep concepts that everyone should think over. A person should appreciate others no matter who individuals are and where they originate from. This value needs to be given to children from the very infantry. I absolutely agree with the Atticus’s belief that all humans should be accepted and dealt with equally.