Catcher In The Rye Literary Analysis
In 1919, Jerome David Salinger was born into this extreme severe world, which he would criticize in his books to this day.
Born to an Irish-Catholic mother and a wealthy Jewish daddy, young Jerome did not understand what he was to be in life. His father pressured him greatly to become excellent and effective, causing terrific conflict in between the two. His father wanted Jerome to take over the household meat and cheese packing/shipping service, but Jerome hated it, and did not desire to prosper or anything of that nature.Like Holden Caulfield from his book The Catcher in the Rye, young Jerome found it tough to concentrate on school and research studies and was eventually sent out to a military school by his daddy. This going to military school is shown in the part of the book in which Holden is back at home explaining to Pheobe that he will not be killed, by his dad, which he would most likely just be sent out to military school.After military school, Jerome participated in Ursinus College, Columbia University, and New York University. He was soon prepared into the infantry department throughout WWII.
Salinger saw some of the most gruesome fights of the war, including the Battle Normandy and the eventually worthless blood bath, which happened in Hurtgenwald.The horrors of war that Salinger witnessed traumatized him to the point where he was sent home since he received a Section 8. The scaries that he saw were so great, he never talks about it to anybody, and never wrote about it either. His very first mental breakdown, as well as other smaller breakdowns brought on by the injury of war, is similar to the progressive psychological breakdown of Holden Caulfield in The Catcher in the Rye, who eventually discovers himself in a mental institution.(http://www.kirjasto.sci.
fi/salinger. htm). Main characters: Holden Caulfield- Holden Caulfield is the protagonist and narrator of the story. Holden’s biggest pet peeve is that he dislikes individuals who are, or act, “bogus.” Holden dislikes all of the lies and, for lack of a much better word, bullshit that the world is made up of.Though Holden himself lies a lot and tends to be scathingly sarcastic and pessimistic, he in fact cares a lot about others and the world. Holden has what seems to be a traditional case of the messiah-complex, which we can subtract from his wish to be the “catcher in the rye.
” He wishes to save all of the innocent and pure souls from “falling” off the “edge” of the moral “cliff.”In parts of the book we see Holden’s mind slowly breaking down, which eventually sends him to a mental-health clinic. The source to this is most likely the death of his younger sibling Allie. Allie passed away of leukemia three years prior to the story starts, and was a severe blow to Holden and his mental health, completely scarring him his psychological and mental self.Phoebe Caulfield- Phoebe is Holden’s 10-year-old sis. She is smart, a terrific dancer, and likes to write in these little journals that she has. Holden believes that she is the only one who actually enjoys him any longer (pinkmonkey.
com). Allie Caulfield- Allie was Holden’s beloved younger sibling who passed away of leukemia. Like Jane, we never actually meet him in the story though Holden explains him and his fantastic character, numerous times in the book. Allie had red hair, and was allegedly really bright. He had a favorite baseball glove, which he composed poems on. It was more than likely Allie’s death that had one of the most effect on Holden’s life, and which caused him to be the downhearted, unfortunate, lonely, and scared person that he is today.Jane Gallagher- Jane Gallagher was Holden Caulfield’s friend and sweetheart when he was more youthful and is still admired very much by Holden.
Though we in fact never ever satisfy Jane in the book, Holden informs us that she is both beautiful, smart, and not bogus, a very unusual thing in Holden’s world. Her stepfather is an alcoholic, and might beat/rape her. Though she is normally cheerful, she does come down, such as the time when her stepfather yelled at her for some cigarettes, triggering her to cry.Minor characters: Sally Hayes- Salley Hayes is Holden Caulfield’s old sweetheart and for a brief time in the story, his buddy. Sally is stunning but according to Holden, she is a “annoyance” and “fake as hell (pinkmonkey.com).”Ackley- Ackley is Holden’s unhygienic, pimple-faced, and Catholic room-neighbor.
Ackley hates Stradlater however reasonably delights in Holden’s business. Ackley enjoys to extol he supposedly made love with this one lady throughout the summertime, however his stories constantly change, exposing that his story is a lie.Stradlater- Stradlater is Holden’s athletic, strong, and big roomie from Pencey Preparation. Stradlater is a playboy of sorts, and has fantastic experience in the methods of seduction and sex. Holden gets mad at Stradlater for taking Jane out and not even remembering her name, and likewise due to the fact that Stradlater might have (though most likely not) provided Jane Gallagher the “time.”Main settings: Pencey Preparation- Pencey was a costly and large all-boy’s school, which Holden went to. Holden hated the school, since it was really quite bad and there were too many “fake” kids in the school.
New York City- Much of the story happens in New York City, a hustling and dynamic place best fit for the style of alienation by a big society. While in New York Holden takes the reader to a lot of New york city’s well-known sites such as the Grand Central Station, Central Park, Greenwich Village, and Radio City (pinkmonkey.com). California Mental Health Center- Holden’s mental breakdowns have been so sever, his family felt that it would be best to send Holden off to a psych ward to be dealt with for a while and to psychologically recover. The center is the frame for the story (pinkmonkey.com). Plot summary: It is a story about a young teen called Holden Caulfield who copes with the trials and adversities of being a young man in a society demanding more responsibility, taking away childhood and demanding an early the adult years.
In his “quest”, after he is expelled from a prep school, he experiences all sort of different people and lies his way through the story. He experiences life as it remains in a huge town (New york city) and discovers himself challenged with the notion of growing up and the needs of society. Such is the nature with which he imagines growing up to be “A catcher in the rye”, an apparently difficult “task” in today’s world. However, throughout his bizarreexperiences he keeps a bit of a kid in himself without understanding what awaits him further on in his life.Symbolism: The Catcher in the Rye- “The catcher in the rye,” is a symbol for Holden and his dream to save all the innocence that is left on the planet from being defiled by the world. Holden wants to be the” [catcher] of the children, keeping them far from the cliff. The kids represent the purity and goodness in the world, the Rye is the world itself, and the cliff is the loss of innocence and the defilement of soul and mind.
Holden is trying to catch these innocent souls and prevent them from falling over the cliff and ending up being evil and defiled (pinkmonkey.com). The Museum of Natural History- The Museum in The Catcher in the Rye represents Holden’s ideal existence. Holden wishes that, like the museum, absolutely nothing would ever change, that everything would be permanent, constant, and simple. He is terrified of the unpredictable real world with its illogical and complex way of thinking and its illogical people.Style: I think Salinger’s composing design differs from any other I have ever seen. He composes in a really open and explicit way.
He lets the reader know how the character feels at that time and his or her ideas. For the very first time, I can see a certain connection in between the primary character in the story and the author. Salinger appears to be almost identical to Holden in the story. They have the very same attitude towards other individuals and they think the exact same method, too. I am sure Salinger utilized his teenage years as reference in developing Holden. In other words, I think Holden is a reflection of Salinger’s teenage years. This makes his composing even more clear because he understands exactly how Holden feels and he can use his own sensations to compose the story.
Theme: The major theme we see in The Catcher in the Rye is that today’s society is giving up its ethical worths for monetary gain and pushes away those who do not adhere to its methods (pinkmonkey.com). It is because everyone looks for approval, benefits, and money, that society is becoming “phony” in nature. Everyone grovels someone, altering who they are in order to be accepted into the so-called real world.In the book, we discover Holden struggling to find acceptance in a world where if you do not conform, you are smashed. It is because of Holden’s sincerity and uniqueness that he fails to genuinely get in touch with anybody. Throughout the book he looks for friendship with others, e.
g. Sally Hayes, Stradlater, Ackley, and Sunny, however is always disgusted with their phoniness or is rejected by them.We see his disgust with the phony and “bogus” throughout the book. He is disgusted with the phony feelings produced by actors, the fake pastors who attempt to preach the good word, and possibly worst of all, the daily fakeness which the majority of people exhibit.Quotations:1. “Don’t ever inform any person anything. If you do, you begin missing everybody.
“– Holden Caulfield, the last 2 lines of the book.2. “I sat down for a second, and then I felt much better. However while I was taking a seat, I saw something that drove me crazy. Somebody ‘d written “Fuck you” on the wall. It drove me damn near crazy. I though how Phoebe and all the other little kids would see it, and how ‘d they wonder what the hell it meant, and then lastly some unclean kid would inform them-all cockeyed, naturally-what it indicated, and how they ‘d think about and perhaps even stress abut it for a couple of days.
“– Holden Caulfield sitting in the school taking a look at “fuck you” that was scratched into the wall.3. “Anyhow, I keep visualizing all these little kids playing some game in this big field of rye and all. Thousands of youngsters, and nobody’s around– nobody huge, I imply– other than me. And I’m standing on the edge of some insane cliff. What I need to do, I need to capture everybody if they begin to go over the cliff– I indicate if they’re running and they do not look where they’re going. I have to come out from someplace and catch them.
That’s all I ‘d do all day. I ‘d just be the catcher in the rye and all. I know it’s insane, but that’s the only thing I ‘d really like to be.” Holden telling Phoebe the basic style of the unique.4. “The awful part though, is that I meant it when I asked her. That’s the horrible part.
I swear to God I’m a madman.” Holden Caulfield commenting on how felt bad attempting to ask Salley Hayes to runaway with him.Diction analysis: The diction in the passage communicates tones of disgust and enjoyment. In the passage, Holden is considering the weird sexual playing in between an intoxicated man and women. He feels somewhat sickened by their behavior, however at the very same time he is somewhat excited. Holden did not like and is disgusted by the couple’s “crumby” and” [inebriated] behavior. Holden believed that what they were doing” [stank] which it was a shame to “ruin” a quite of the lady by “spraying” water all over it.
Such words as “ruin,” “crumby,” and “inebriated” produce a tone of disgust and being upset. Despite Holden’s disgust of the couple, he is somewhat amused by their silly sexual-antics. Holden himself admits he is a sort of “sex maniac” and he took pleasure in enjoying the 2″ [horsing] around.” He said that it was “interesting” and even “fun” to see the couple spit water on each other’s faces. Here we see a lighter and naughty side of Holden as he is thrilled by these two screwballs.Additional CommentsBeing the regular high school teen that I am, I specifically comprehended the character of Holden Caulfield. I liked him and found him extremely enjoyable as a narrator.
He is funny and dismaying at the exact same time, and he can’t stop lying. This only adds to his intrigue. Holden gets tossed out of his school, and takes a trip to New york city because he wishes to leave his dismaying school atmosphere.All he found in New York, however, was more dismal things. He even was depressed by the hooker that he got. This quote from the book actually touched me:”Anyhow, I keep imagining all these little kids playing some game in this big field of rye and all. Thousands of little kids, and nobody’s around– no one big, I imply– other than me.
And I’m standing on the edge of some crazy cliff. What I need to do, I need to catch everyone if they start to discuss the cliff– I suggest if they’re running and they do not look where they’re going. I have to come out from someplace and capture them. That’s all I ‘d do all day. I ‘d simply be the catcher in the rye and all. I know it’s crazy, however that’s the only thing I ‘d actually like to be.”This is now among my preferred quotes.
I think it really shows how Holden really wants one thing above all others. He wishes to in some way protect that innocence that children have. He wants to “keep all his kings in the back row.” Without distributing too much of the points and happenings that I felt made the book so great, I will say that this book is a must check out at least when in everybody’s life.