The concept of “Prometheus” within Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein” Index Intro– 3 Greek Promethean myth– 4 The Modern Prometheus– 5 Conclusion– 7 Bibliography– 8 Introduction In this short work, it will be made a description about what is the Greek Promethean misconception and the message behind this myth. It will likewise be made a comparison in between this message and the subjacent style of the “Modern Prometheus” in Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein”.
Taking a look at the main character of Mary Shelley’s novel, it will also be necessary to describe in what method, and according to the Greek Promethean misconception, Victor Frankenstein is the “Modern Prometheus” as referred in the title of the book.
Greek Promethean myth The Promethean myth initially appeared in the late 8th-century BC Greek legendary poet Hesiod’s Theogony. He was a kid of the Titan Iapetus, one of the Oceanids (keepers of the water). In Greek folklore, Prometheus is a Titan whose name implied “forethought”, and certainly, he was said to have the capability to check out the future.
Prometheus was the developer of mankind. The goddess Athene taught him architecture, astronomy, mathematics, navigation, medicine, and metallurgy, and he in turn taught them to people. Zeus, the chief of the Greek gods, became angry at Prometheus for making individuals effective by teaching them all these useful skills. He is the younger bro of Atlas, who was eliminated to Tartarus throughout the Titanomachy. Prometheus, however, sided with the gods in the war, having actually anticipated their success. Helios and Epimetheus likewise picked to problem.
In doing so, Prometheus also attempted to convince his bro Atlas and their daddy Iapetus to side with the Olympians, however both of them disregarded his attempts. After the Great War, Prometheus made man from clay and helped them, even to the point of severely angering Zeus and, when the gods chose Prometheus as arbiter in a conflict, he deceived the gullible Zeus into selecting the worst parts of the sacrificial bull by hiding them under an abundant layer of fat. To penalize Prometheus, Zeus withheld fire from guys. “Let them eat their flesh raw,” he stated.
In response, Prometheus, snuck approximately Mount Olympus, lit a torch from the sun, and concealed a burning piece of charcoal in a hollow stalk. He escaped with it and thus delivered fire to mankind. As punishment nevertheless, Zeus then chained him to a mountain for an Eagle to peck out his liver just to have it regenerated through the night. Heracles eventually eliminated the eagle and released Prometheus, which Zeus allowed as he considered Prometheus’ suffering adequate. Modern Prometheus The Modern Prometheus is Mary Shelley’s unique subtitle (though some contemporary publishings of the work now drop the subtitle, mentioning it only in an introduction).
The term “Modern Prometheus” was actually coined by Immanuel Kant, describing Benjamin Franklin and his try outs electrical energy (this having to do with the method the creature was brought to life). As pointed out in the past, Prometheus was the Titan who produced mankind, a task offered to him by Zeus. He was to create a being with clay and water in the image of the gods. Prometheus taught guy to hunt, read, and recover their ill, but after he deceived Zeus into accepting poor-quality offerings from humans, Zeus kept fire from mankind. Prometheus took back the fire from Zeus to offer to male.
When Zeus discovered this, he sentenced Prometheus to be eternally punished by fixing him to a rock where every day an eagle would peck out his liver, only for the liver to regrow the next day because of his immortality as a god. He was planned to suffer alone for all of eternity, however eventually Heracles (Hercules) released him. The method Prometheus makes male from clay and water is a relevant style to Frankenstein, as Victor rebels against the laws of nature (how life is naturally made) and as an outcome is penalized by his production.
The Titan in the Greek folklore of Prometheus parallels Victor Frankenstein. Victor’s work by creating guy by new means reflects the same innovative work of the Titan in producing humans. According to the original misconception, fire was the something that male was not expected to have due to the fact that it belonged exclusively to the Gods, so when Prometheus stole fire for guy, it suggested that man was trespassing on immortal territory and guy suffered since of Prometheus’s gift. While Prometheus had his liver eaten every day, Victor didn’t have an organ ripped strongly from his lower upper body.
But he did suffer a comparable type of prolonged abuse: all his enjoyed ones being singled out and eliminated. He was not punished for taking fire, but he was penalized for trespassing on immortal territory by playing God. Likewise, fire is associated with goodness and understanding. Fire is symbolic of human progress as well as the dangers of human innovation, or possibly the threats of nature rather than humans, and Victor’s animal is paralleled to fire in the Greek Misconception: the creature might be good or bad, depending on just how much care you take in approaching it. And in Victor’s case, that would be no care at all.
While fire is excellent and beneficial, bringing warmth and the capability to prepare, it can likewise be a weapon, a massively devastating force, if not properly managed. The beast is the same. He had a lot potential for excellent. He wanted to be good, gentle, kind, and caring, but at every turn he was denied. Because of this he ended up being a damaging force bent on the destroy of his maker. Victor Frankenstein is plagued by his production. He is hunted, haunted, and tortured. The rest of his life becomes a game, a chase in between creator and created. Just like Prometheus, Frankenstein suffers greatly for the good he tried to do. However, there are distinctions.
Fire is an unthinking, unfeeling thing. It need not be taught. It does not require love. Fire did not require anything from Prometheus. The monster, on the other hand, was a being of great depth and feeling. He was capable of development and good, however his master neglected and abandoned him. Frankenstein must not have abandoned the important things he created. He should have faced what he had done and provided it an opportunity at a much better life. There is also an other analysis for this, maybe a more plain one. In more current science fiction, the Promethean misconception is used in the following way: humanity receives technology that is beyond their understanding.
For instance, in the TELEVISION program “Stargate”, the very first human interstellar ship is called “Prometheus” and it is construct with the aid of an alien race. This principle can likewise be applied to the work of Mary Shelley, explaining that men do require time and research study to comprehend things as they really are. The creature was not bad. It was made bad by men surrounding it. So, it can be stated that both Prometheus and Frankenstein successfully created human life and faced outcomes not in line with their expectations. In an attempt to assist their creations, both Prometheus and Victor Frankenstein triggered more damage and disorder.
This eventually led to the harm of both, either through death or everlasting torture. Conclusion As we could see, there are many similarities between the stories of Prometheus and Victor Frankenstein. Both tried to do “bend” the guidelines, in order to attain something they thought would be useful. However in the end, they both triggered more harm than excellent. Bibliography Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. Ed. Susan J. Wolfson. New York: Pearson Longman, 2007 Graves, Robert, The Greek Myths, Moyer Bell Ltd., 1955. Mellor, Anne K.
Mary Shelley: Her Life, her Fiction, Her Monsters. London: Routledge, 1990 Why is Frankenstein subtitled The Modern Prometheus?, readily available in http://www. angelfire. com/anime5/frank/ Prometheus. html Frankenstein as Prometheus, offered in http://cmaree. hubpages. com/hub/Frankenstein-as-Prometheus Analysis on Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, offered in http://www. articlemyriad. com/analysis-frankenstein-mary-shelley Who was Prometheus?, readily available in http://www. enotes. com/frankenstein/q-and-a/ frankenstein-who-was-prometheus-262555