Dramatic Irony in the Odyssey

Remarkable Paradox in the Odyssey

Thesis Declaration: The use of literary device of significant paradox in the Odyssey, its function, examples and results in the poem

Table Of Contents

  • Introduction: What is significant paradox and the way Homer utilizes it in his poem
  • Significant paradox suggested by Athena to Telemachus throughout his journey to find his daddy
  • Athena’s lie to Telemachus while Odysseus returns to Ithaca
  • Irony of Telemachus seeing Odysseus as a beggar and not recognizing him
  • What occurred when Odysseus in disguise deals with the suitors
  • Conclusion: The method significant irony makes the readers emotionally included it the story

Why do authors use paradox

Authors utilize numerous literary devices in order to increase and improve their works. remarkable irony, expressions to complementary mindsets comprehended by the audience however not the characters, can make the feelings more powerful in literature. Homer is among numerous authors who utilized this technique well. In The Odyssey, Homer utilizes remarkable paradox in order to boost the emotional impact of turning points in the story, particularly throughout the journey of Telemachus, the preliminary return of Odysseus, and the restoration of Odysseus to his rightful location in the kingdom.

Throughout Telemachus’ journey to find his dad, Homer includes significant irony through Athena’s relationship to the scenario which produces a confused mood. After being triggered by Athena, who understood that Odysseus was trapped on Calypso’s island, Telemachus states,

“For I am off to Sparta to see if I can find news of my dad” (30 )

Quickly after Athena sends out Telemachus on a journey, she gains authorization to get Odysseus freed from captation on the island. The complicated mood is developed through the dramatic irony of both father and son leaving to go towards each other when neither of them understands the other has delegated find the other.

The reader concerns why Athena, whom Homer is using in this scene to create dramatic paradox, would not tell Telemachus that his father is getting freed or even that he is on Calypso’s island. Rather, she sends him to Sparta to find out info about his father from Menelaus. Remarkable irony emerges when Telemachus thinks that his dad might no longer live however wants to discover more. It is never even hinted at, to Telemachus, by Athena that he is alive and that he will quickly return quickly. Telemachus does not recognize the irony that to the readers is quickly noticeable.

The reader understands of Odysseus’ existence on Calypso’s island and soon finds out that he will start his journey back home. The confused state of mind creates a conflict for the character to solve by having the reader marvel why Athena wanted these events to occur in this particular way. The conflict keeps the reader interested and considering that the initial story was told orally, interest is extremely important for Homer to keep. Significant irony likewise highlights a dolent state of mind throughout the return of Telemachus from his journey.

When Odysseus returns house to Ithaca, Athena goes to Telemachus to recover him from Sparta. Athena states,

“You should take leave of Menelaos, if you wish to discover your dear mother still in your house; for her dad and brothers are urging her to marry Eurymachos” (169 )

Athena tells Telemachus that his mom is going to wed Eurymachos. Athena does this as if she is fishing and the story about Telemachus’ mother is the bait; Telemachus is really captivated by the bait and goes after it, falling into Athena’s well-thought out trap.

Athena’s lie to Telemachus while Odysseus go back to Ithaca

The reader knows that the factor Athena desires Telemachus to come back is since Odysseus is quickly getting here in Ithaca; therefore, significant irony is created when Telemachus is never ever let in on this information that the reader now understands. Homer utilizes Athena to develop significant irony to get Telemachus to rush home to stop the marriage, because if Telemachus was told the truth he might not be an excited to get home, given that his father had actually been away for a lot of his life. Homer desired the audience to understand more so that they were not puzzled about Telemachus’ mother getting wed for it was a lie.

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This developed a dolent mood since the reader understands the lack of reality in Athena’s message. The lack of realities make the reader feel sorrowful that Telemachus does not know the truth but she or he does. If Telemachus knew the reality the situation would have unfolded in a different way as he may have wanted to stay in Sparta longer. After all, he was distressed at his dad after his absence in his childhood and wished that he would have got home rather. Telemachus is associated with significant paradox when again when he initially reunites with his daddy who has actually been turned into a beggar.

Paradox of Telemachus seeing Odysseus as a beggar and not acknowledging him

Odysseus had actually been become a beggar by Athena in order to secure his identity from everybody he satisfied till the time was right. As Telemachus first gets in the room where Odysseus and Eumaios, who Telemachus calls “Daddy,” lie, Odysseus attempts to give up his seat to his deserving boy. Telemachus states,

“Stay where you are, stranger, we can find another seat in our hut” (182 ). Telemachus reveals his kind character to the beggar along with the status quo of the residents of Ithaca. Telemachus then states to Eumiaos, “Daddy, where does this stranger come from?” (182 )

In this scene, Odysseus, as well as the reader, understands that Odysseus is talking to his son. Telemachus, nevertheless, thinks he is talking merely to a beggar. Through Telemachus’ incognizance, remarkable paradox is developed in the reconnection of daddy and child. Homer utilizes significant irony to create a remorseful state of mind. He desires Odysseus to have time to see what his kingdom resembles prior to the citizens understand that he has shown up. By remaining in disguise, he can see the relationship that grew in between the swineherd and Telemachus that would be concealed if either the swineherd or Telemachus knew it was Odysseus.

Odysseus also sees the method beggars are not victimized, and rather, are supported by all of the citizens. The audience needs to understand that it is Odysseus due to the fact that it reveals the conclusion of his journey back to Ithaca. A remorseful mood is created due to the fact that the reader sees that the daddy and boy are so near reuniting but are separated by a simple camouflage. The reader desires the 2 to return together, however Homer hold-ups the occurrence purposefully to produce remarkable irony in between the 2 characters.

What happened when Odysseus in camouflage faces the suitors

Significant irony develops an insightful mood when Odysseus uses his appearance as a beggar to learn about the suitors during his remediation to his rightful location in the kingdom. After Eumaios brings the beggar Odysseus to the dining hall, Odysseus is advised to plead for food from each of the suitors. By doing this, he will get important info about the true gentlemen and the cads. The reader, along with Telemachus, understands that the beggar is Odysseus, but the suitors are still oblivious to who he truly is. While pleading, Odysseus pertains to Antinoos, who says to Eumaios,

“What made you bring this fellow to town?

Haven’t we vagrants enough and beggars enough, confuse them, an ideal problem at dinner-time?” (198 )

Odysseus is still in camouflage so that he can take in understanding of the suitors simply as Athena had actually whispered to him. Homer desires the reader to know that it is Odysseus so that the reader can take in the very same opinions as Odysseus. He wants to keep the suitors blind to who the beggar is so that Odysseus can understand who is good to the beggars. This offers Odysseus a general concept on the suitors that will be more quickly dealt with.

If Odysseus had actually entered into the palace as himself, a lot of the suitors may have tried to assault him due to the fact that they desired his partner to marry them. Others may have crowded him to ask him concerns about his positions in the war and his journey back which would avoid him from gaining the required intel on the suitors to be able to beat them. The insightful state of mind caused by the dramatic irony is caused by the reader having the ability to discover the suitors in the very same method Odysseus does. Throughout the book, there are couple of sufficient descriptions for the reader to properly illustrate the difficulty triggering suitors.


Now, through Odysseus’ assistance, the reader understands far more about the suitors than he or she did previously. Dramatic irony aided the reader in ending up being mentally included it the story. The Odyssey brought numerous strongly emotional scenes, however the very best of them all involved significant paradox. Dramatic irony drew the reader more detailed to the book and kept him or her well-informed at all times essential. Other works of literature are also produced more fluently when dramatic paradox is included. The enhanced psychological impacts developed by dramatic paradox are crucial to composing a short story or composing a novel.