Principles, Logo Designs, and Pathos in “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. composed, “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” on April 16, 1963. The rational and well created letter was composed as an action to a declaration in the newspaper, which was composed by some clergymen. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was composing the letter in order to protect his organization’s nonviolent techniques. In “Letter from a Birmingham Prison,” King uses the three principles of rhetoric(ethos, pathos, and logos) to defend his company well.
In the first two paragraphs of the second page of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s, “Letter from a Birmingham Prison,” he uses values to vindicate the manner ins which his organization uses nonviolent resistance. King does have some automated principles due to him being known as a well informed and prominent African American figure. He was likewise called a priest, and priests are normally known to be reliable. Nonetheless, King still develops ethos for himself. He starts off by talking about occasions that he, and individuals he is writing to, share. Some occasions that they shared was the involvement in the mayoral election. King says, “Then it struck us that Birmingham’s mayoral election was turning up in March, and we quickly decided to postpone action till after election day.” He was using this to safeguard his company’s timing of action around the mayoral action, because the clergymen kept arguing that their timing was bad. Also, King begins another values argument with, “Just as Socrates felt.” King is attempting to expose that he, and his company, are not the only ones that “see the need for nonviolent gadflies to create the sort of tension in society that will help guys rise from the dark depths of prejudice.” This example of principles assists communicate his reasonability in the matter, and contribute to his reliability for when he speaks about his matters of direct action. In all, he is protecting his company’s nonviolent methods.
King uses pathos, on page 5, in order to support his association’s pacifist approaches. He does this by revealing what the South would be like if they resorted to violent actions, and also how African Americans would trek along if they were completely compliant to the partition laws. King states, after going over that they are nonviolent, “If this viewpoint [of nonviolence] had actually not emerged, by now many streets of the south would, I am convinced, be flowing with blood.” He is trying to encourage the readers, through a vivid and emotion provoking image, that nonviolence is the best method to manage the circumstance. He says that “marches” and “pilgrimages to municipal government” is the very best, pacifist method for his association, and all other African Americans to get out their “pent up resentments and hidden frustrations.” Likewise, King says that the African Americans that have “gotten used to partition” are “so drained pipes of self regard.” Again, King is explaining that nonviolent direct action is the best way to go, and he is safeguarding his organization’s methods of nonviolent direct action. He does not want them to end up being compliant or violent, and he thinks being a pacifist in the circumstance is the best way to go.
Lastly, King makes use of logos, on page two, in order to more support his company’s nonviolent methods. He utilizes his examples in order to realistically describe why nonviolent direct action works. King starts by saying, “Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a stress that a community … is forced to confront the concern.” Here, he is specifying the goal of nonviolent direct action. The goal is to exacerbate the whites up until they finally give in to settlements. King is defending by doing this, due to the fact that he knows that violence is wrong, and will just lead to unneeded spilling of blood. He also describes that” [nonviolence] looks for so to dramatize the problem that it can no longer be ignored.” This is also a rational statement that supports his company’s perfects of nonviolence.
Throughout the letter, King uses principles, pathos, and logos. He uses up for his cause in Birmingham, and his belief that nonviolent direct action is the very best way to make modifications happen. King has actually explained this through lots of examples of racial situations, factual and logical reasoning, and also allusions to Christianity.