Existentialism in the Stranger and the Metamorphosis
existentialism “We are thrown into existence first without an established nature and only later do we construct our nature or essence through our actions. “(Existentialism)This quote exists through the main characters of The Stranger, Blade Runner, and The Transformation in each of these works the characters develop their own nature. These works are comparable several ways; in all three the guys develop their own nature by the totally free options they make. Through these choices they also produce their own worths. The characters worths and meanings of life are where these works vary.
Initially, in The Metamorphosis, Gregor’s life seems to have meaning, through offering his family, until he becomes a bug and figures out for himself that his life actually has no meaning. This is very unlike The Complete stranger due to the fact that Meursault, throughout the entire work, lives his life as if there is no significance to life and he passes away knowing this. Lastly Deckard, at the beginning of his life, appears to have actually lived his life without any meaning or values, until he encounters Roy and Rachael who alter his perspective.
Throughout these works these guys make chooses that identify who they are and what their about, however eventually every one of them understands their subsequent mortality. It is clearly understood through Meursault’s narrative that life to him is meaningless. The options he makes and things he states are without idea or meaning. They are generally in the spur of the minute of what will please him. For example the novel starts by Meursault telling the audience “Maman passed away today. Or the other day perhaps, I don’t understand. I got a telegram from the home: “Mother deceased. Funeral tomorrow. Faithfully yours. That does not suggest anything. Possibly it was yesterday”(The Stranger). Meursault treats his mom’s death with the same behavior with which he will later treat the death of the Arab. Both of these occasions are normally different in the kinds of feelings they reveal, however Meursault reveals no feeling at all. He just goes through the daily movements of life. Through his narrative and the tone of the novel the reader is plainly able to figure out Meursault deals with no feeling or essence. He accepts who he is and his mortality. In the end he accepts a punishment that is not worthwhile of the criminal activity.
He understands even if he doesn’t get performed he will pass away anyhow whether its 10 years from now or fifty. Plainly The Stranger questions the reader whether humans actually have a meaning for life considering that in the end everyone will pass away and be forgotten. It appears that Camus implied to get the point throughout that in life there is no established nature people create it through their choices. Meursault selects to live his life with little or no significance. Unlike Marie who falls in love with Meursault and selects to support him despite the fact that he didn’t care if they got wed.
Like Marie in The Stranger Gregor, who is the main character, in The Transformation has a mean and worth to his life. Gregor supports his family because his daddy stopped working and never returned to work. Gregor had all of it good job, money, and ability. He picked to support his household and enable them to live a good life while he worked and traveled with little time for himself. Gregor doesn’t like his task, but he chooses to remain because it provides excellent cash and he will pay of financial obligation. All of these options are Gregor’s they are what he based his life off of.
When he changes into a bug his mentality is changed. He starts to recognize that all that he provided for his family eventually is forgotten and quickly he is ignored too. Kafka relates this to the mankind and its inescapable end. When humans die in the starting they are remembered, but slowly individuals forget, or lose interest, up until ultimately that person is totally forgotten and life goes on. This previous declaration is plainly seen in the novel when the household moves and decides that is time to marry off their daughter. They never ever discuss anything about the loss of their child.
In Blade Runner the main character Deckard ruins replicants. He does his job and generally never ever concerns the reasons why he destroys the human-like robotics. The director seems to try to get across the point early that Deckard lives a worthless life. He does whatever he desires whenever he desires. At first it appears like he lives a life similar to Meursault, but later it ends up being clear that he is looking for a meaning for life. When talking to Roy, Deckard understands that in life everybody is going to die and that everything that individual did would be forgotten and lost.
At the same time Roy discusses the worth of life, the choices, love, and things humans can experience. Blade Runner tries to get across to the audience that they are who they want to be and that in the end the choices and things they’ve seen will be forgotten and worthless. In all three works the motto “Existence precedes Essence” (Existentialism) is present. Each one of the main characters makes their choices which identify their nature. Every one of the characters eventually realizes that they all share a typical quality with the remainder of the mankind and that is death.
They also understand that in the end they will be forgotten and ultimately everyone will carry on with their lives as if they never ever existed. These works vary in the way each character goes about their lives. Meursault believes there is no meaning to life so he lives his life on the fly. He does whatever pleases him. Gregor starts with a life he has chosen for himself only to recognize that eventually all that he has done will be forgotten and lost. Finally Deckard begins without any significance and tries to identify a significance through replicants.
He recognizes that the choices in his life are what makes his life meaningful. Throughout these works Existentialism existed. The characters provided a peek of the factor for existence. Whether it was for attending to a family or killing replicants each one of the character in the end figured out that life was just the choices that they make. Ultimately they all learned that everything they did and selected to do was worthless when they were dead and there is no way to avoid it.