The style of searching is recurrent throughout the unique, and is utilized to track the young boy’s descent into savagery. It starts as a need and just a method of getting food, a typical requirement that the kids all share and take advantage of. Nevertheless, it quickly becomes a cultish way of living which divides the ultimately eliminates members of the group.
The restraints and rules of society are taken away from the kids quite abrubtly and without caution, and at the starting it appears that they do not actually understand how to respond to this unexpected change of way of life.
Nevertheless, as the book progresses the boy’s newfound liberty, coupled with their immaturity and their fustration with being trapped on the island manifests in a primeval obsession to hunt. Golding represents the desire to hunt and kill as a primitive desire which lies inactive in each of us, however can take control of when in an unnurtured and unrestrained environment. It seems to pronounce itself in each of the young boys at different points of the book; at Simon’s death, even Piggy and Ralph discovered themselves “excited to participate in this lunatic but partly safe society”, where “the desire to squeeze and hurt was over-mastering.
I believe this is one of Goldings main ethical messages, not to let your primeval instincts or the mentality of individuals around you to detract far from your moral sense of what’s right and incorrect, and eventually it is this fatal defect and the “darkness of man’s heart” which led to the failure of the island. This descent from civilization into savagery is tracked by the progression of hunting, and the improvement of characters in the novel.
While Ralph and Piggy stay civilized embassadors of law and order, Jack and the other boys gradually end up being more and more deranged with every hunt. At the starting Jack and Ralph were ethically and morally far more comparable, however he quickly becomes consumed with the violence and glory that searching entails, and his look and behaviour mirror this descent into savagery. For instance, Jack’s when innocently “freckled” face ends up being obscured by a mask that “repelled them”.
This indicates a loss of identity, and sheilded by the mask he feels at ease to commit deeds of faceless malevolence versus those with which he was once good friends. In addition, Jack’s identity evidently disappears completely when he loses his name. He is now up until now distanced from the life that he utilized to lead that he decides to not adhere to making use of a forename, and rather answers only to “the chief”– a somewhat tribal phrase which suggests inability and submission.
This failure to follow the basic expectations of society is suggested extremely early in the book, when on intro Jack mentions “Why should I be Jack? I’m Merridew.” The way each character reacts and responds to Jack and his growing people and searching fixation, is essential to how they will prevail in the novel, and it is around the intention of hunting and the unmaintainable stability between it and “constructing shelters” that the main group division is formed.
For example, Jack as head of choir falls automatically into the position of head of the hunters. Unconsciously to him and the rest of the group, this preliminary taste of power and violence will cause the development of his savage tribe and the barbaric way of life they end up adopting. Opposingly, Ralph’s negative action to the idea of hunting is an indication as to how he will maintain his level head and his sanity throughout the book.
The idea that Jack and his kids hunt to eliminate pigs is very indicative of how events will unwind, and when Jack’s thirst for violence can no longer be satisfied by the killing of a pig, they move onto who they deem as the most unhuman and unworthy member of the group, Piggy, who after weeks of being compared to a pig, is killed in the same manner as one. There are parallels drawn between most of the main characters and the progression of hunting, and Golding uses this to help the reader to track the advancement of them and the novel.