Irony in to Kill a Mockingbird

Irony in to Kill a Mockingbird

Paradox (4) Irony: A rhetorical device, literary method, or situation in which there is an incongruity between the literal and the indicated significance. Example: “‘We are a democracy and Germany is a dictatorship … Over here we don’t think in maltreating anybody. Persecution originates from individuals who are prejudiced'” (329 ). Lee, To Kill A Mockingbird. Context: In To Eliminate A Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, throughout class, little Cecil Jacobs gives his current occasion about Adolf Hitler to the class.

Miss Gates, the instructor, takes this opportunity to teach the kids a lesson about how incorrect prosecuting the Jews was and how she “dislike Hitler so bad” (331 ). Scout later on finds this deceptive due to the fact that at the court house, she overheard Miss Gates informing Miss Stephanie “‘it’s time somebody taught [black individuals] a lesson, they were getting’ way above themselves'” (331 ). Idea: In To Eliminate A Mockingbird, Lee uses irony to emphasize the connection between the issue of bigotry in Maycomb to Hitler’s intolerance for Jews. Lee applies the referral to Adolf Hitler as a representation of the discrimination in Maycomb.

During a lesson, Miss Gates expresses her belief of how it was horribly erroneous Hitler’s oppression to the Jews was. Although she thinks “‘ [in Maycomb], we don’t believe in maltreating any person’,” she ignores the bias she protests since it was fairly unique in the consequences of Tom Robinson’s trial, that the town, in reality, does devote the act of aversion towards black individuals (329 ). Scout remembers Miss Gates telling Miss Stephanie in the courthouse after Tom Robinson’s trial, that “it’s time someone taught [the black people] a lesson'” (331 ).

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Miss Gates contradicts herself by teaching the children a lesson about the detestable acts of persecution while she hypocritically judges the blacks roughly right in Maycomb. She herself is mirroring the actions of Hitler, maltreating the black people in her own town when she herself states that individuals of Maycomb “don’t think in persecuting anybody” (329 ). It is paradoxical due to the fact that Miss Gates has these views on Hitler whereas her actions are equivalent to Hitler’s. Connection: In To Kill A Mockingbird, the above example links to the characterization of the Maycomb townspeople.

Their hostility exposes a darker, more lurid side to the relatively tranquil town. The prejudiced townspeople are really discriminating to the black people. Their despiteful ways show lack of knowledge and how they rule the community’s concept of what democracy suggests. When Atticus states that Tom Robinson’s case “is as simple as black and white,” he literally means it is that basic. The white people quickly side with Bob Ewell’s story instead of with the reality just because it is a black man’s words. This shows their bias and animosity versus black individuals.