Literary Techniques in The Lotto
The shock generally is created in stories that seem to be typical however then take a turn in a different direction. In lots of kinds of literature, authors set up the plot without ever letting the readers understand that in the end of the it, something entirely unanticipated will occur. Authors develop a shock worth to make the story more fascinating and to keep the audience questioning what will happen next and why a specific occasion did occur.
The themes of following tradition in “The Lottery game” by Shirley Jackson and the unlikelihood of grace in Flannels O’Connor “An Excellent Man is Difficult to Discover” are depicted through different literary strategies that the authors utilize to also create a shock worth. In “The Lotto” by Shirley Jackson, Jackson uses setting and point of view to relay the theme of blindly following tradition, which develops a shock value too. Jackson presents the setting of the story as a safe, charming, and little village on a great summer day.
Jackson writes, “The morning of June 27th was clear and warm, with the fresh warmth of a full summer This ascription of the setting conveys a content state of mind. The favorable description of the setting leads the audience to believe that the lottery that will happen will be completely opposite than what it truly is. Jackson likewise explains the setting as being a small town. Custom is very important in towns and villages. Customs are what keep villages and their people connected together. Jackson, however uses the setting of the little village and the style of following tradition to create a shock value.
The description of the small town is referred to as such a delighted location. Jackson shocks the audience when individuals et stoned in the end. The characters follow custom, however the audience does not anticipate it to be so cruel. The villagers’ acceptance of the lottery’s tradition allows murder to regularly happen. The black box, which is a symbol of the lotteries’ custom, is falling apart. Mr. Summer seasons had asked the villagers to change it but, “nobody liked to upset even as much tradition as was represented by the black box'( 264 ).
The villagers did not even want to change a shabby- looking box since they were so linked to the idea of maintaining tradition. The villagers appear powerless to alter anything about he custom due to the fact that of their small town setting. The villagers’ strong connection to their custom and the delighted setting they live in shocks the audience since it was not expected to be a bad custom. The third person objective point of view from which Jackson tells the story communicates the theme which helps produce the shock worth. The point of view allows the audience to comprehend the town from a visitor’s perspective.
In some cases the narrator is close sufficient hear what the characters are saying and see what the characters are doing. At the beginning of the story, the orator describes how” Bobby Martin had currently packed his pockets filled with stones, and the other boys quickly followed his example, selecting the best and roundest stones … The girls stood aside, talking among themselves … “( 263 ). The storyteller explains how the other boys did simply as Bobby Martin did. Everybody in the town constantly follows what somebody else does. This connects back to the theme of always following custom.
The description that the narrator offers also explains a light hearted atmosphere of the village. The narrator’s point of view makes the audience believe that this s just a regular little town. The narrators view of the kids gathering stones is seen so regular by the storyteller, that it does not even look like the stones are really used to kill a person. The storyteller’s 3rd individual objective perspective reveals just enough, so that in the end the audience is shocked that the stones the young boy gathered were utilized to stone people.
The narrator observes how pushy Mrs. Hutchinson was to get her spouse to draw, stating “Get up there, Costs”( 266 ). Mrs. Hutchinson passion to get her hubby to draw conveys that absolutely nothing bad could come of it. Mrs. Hutchinson was just allowing custom when she pressed her spouse to draw. Everybody else’s spouses drew so she urged hers to draw also. She is so pushy that the audience does not expect him to be drawing a paper that says whether he will be stoned or not.
The viewpoint of the story develops a shock to the audience since the narrator is never able to hand out too much information till the end. In “An Excellent Guy is Hard to Find” by Flannels O’ Connors, the author utilizes character development of the granny and The Misfit to explain the style and produce a shock for the audience. The style that O’ Connors wants he audience to comprehend is that even “bad” people can get grace. The main character is an old grandma who is a self opinionated, manipulative woman that just cares about herself and her appearance.
When the grandma beinged in the car for the trip, she was wearing, “A navy blue straw sailor hat with a bunch of white violets on the brim and a navy blue gown with a little white dot in the The description of her clothing makes her appear obsessed with her look and herself. Her fixation with herself causes her to believe that she has the perfect conscience. This ideal omniscience triggers her to lie to her grandchildren, control her son, and continuously complain about everyone around her. Her judgmental and nasty character makes her appear a not likely prospect of grace to the audience.
When the family is taking a trip, the grandma all of a sudden keeps in mind about a home with a secret panel on it. Her “ideal” conscience informed her son to turn on a roadway she believed had the house on it. Suddenly the granny had an idea that “was so humiliating that she turned red in the face and her eyes dilated and her feet jumped up … “( 425 ). She keeps in mind that it was the wrong roadway. Instead of being truthful and telling her kid, she keeps the believed to herself, causing her to lie. Telling a lie does not make her look like someone that might get grace.
The lie she informed triggered her totally household to be killed by The Misfit. He kills the whole household, consisting of the grandmother. His personality does not make him appear as somebody who would receive grace. Nevertheless, grace comes upon both the grandmother and The Misfit. This comes as a shock given that both characters arguably do not be worthy of grace based upon their characters and actions. O Connors describes both characters as terrible people. Bad people do not normally get grace. The granny receives grace due to the fact that when she comes face to face with death and The Misfit she recognizes that she herself has a weakness.
This comes as a shock too since throughout the whole story, the grandmother is described as an old lady who just appreciates herself. She never thought that she had any defects. The audience did not anticipate her to recognize she has issues like everyone else. The grandma exclaims to the Misfit, “You are among my own Although The Misfit is not truly the grandmas child, this shows that she realizes that they are both human beings. She recognizes that all humans have defects and no one is best like she believed she was.
Because specific minute, the grandma appears to have empathy. God grants her grace right prior to she dies. The Misfit likewise ends up being open to grace when he understands that eliminating individuals is bad. At the end of the story the Misfit says, “It’s no genuine pleasure in indicating killing has stopped bringing him joy. O’ Connors description of the grandma and The Misfit creates a shock to the audience when both character become recipients of grace. O’ Connors and Jackson both use different literary methods in their stories o relay their styles which produce shock value as well.
The shock that is developed in both stories actually is a shock to the audience given that with the way the stories are set up, it is not anticipated. The audience did not expect the lottery game in Jackson’s story to be an occasion that stones people. The audience did not anticipate both the grandma and The Misfit to receive grace given that both of their actions and personalities have been so harsh. Both authors develop a shock due to the fact that it not only helps relay the style but it also leaves the audience captivated and questioning why completion ended up as it did.