Maslow’s Hierarchy of Requirements and Frankenstein
In the unique, Frankenstein, composed by Mary Shelley, Shelley explains a psychological progression of occasions which perfectly accompanies Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Requirements. She correctly establishes each of the elements that make up the hierarchy along with the decline if one is not able to attain each subsequent level. This paper will not only compare the mental development of Frankenstein with the series of the hierarchy however likewise prove the distinct order that a person needs to follow in order to grow in development. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Requirements is a structural development of psychological and physical requirements.
Maslow assumed that there were 2 distinct types of requirements: shortage needs and development needs2. The deficiency needs, physiological, security, love, and esteem, are 4 distinct needs that should be satisfied in progression. The development requires variety from understanding others to assisting and enjoying others2. Maslow declared that without being able to satisfy all 4 shortage requirements, one would not be able to progress into the development needs1. In Frankenstein, the protagonist, Victor Frankenstein, develops a human being in a strange science experiment.
He is scared by production and leaves the creature to take care of himself. This allows Marry Shelley to demonstrate the mental development of the animal. When the creature becomes aware of himself, the physiological requirements of food and water become apparent. “I felt tormented by cravings and thirst. This roused me from my nearly dormant state, and I ate some berries which I found holding on the trees or lying on the ground. I slaked my thirst at the brook; and then lying down, was overcome by sleep3 (105 ). The creature’s very first requirement felt in the world was hunger and thirst. This agrees with Maslow’s hierarchy. Before he stresses over possible danger or about other people, the creature recognizes that he needs to discover something to sustain itself. With this need satisfied the animal can focus on continuing the ladder. According to Maslow, the second requirement is safety from danger2. With the need of food satisfied, the creature is able to venture far from its present site is look for shelter. “At length I viewed a small hut … discovering the door open I entered.
An old man beinged in it … and perceiving me, shrieked loudly, and quitting the hut, stumbled upon the fields … but I was bewitched by the look of the hut: here the snow and rain could not penetrate3 (108 ).” The animal discovered his 2nd requirement. Though he scared off a fellow being, the animal did not appear to care; he continued to consume the food discovered there and drop off to sleep. This interaction is important to Maslow’s theory. Maslow specifies that each lower action of the ladder need to be achieved prior to advancing to the next1. The creature had actually not yet accomplished security and shelter.
Therefore, the third need of love and belongingness was not a concern for the animal. This represents the reason he was not bothered by the interaction with the guy. There is a long period of time before the creature attains these 2 essential requirements. Nevertheless, he acknowledges his requirement for human affection. He understands how essential it is to him which he can not fail in achieving it. While living in a little shed outside of a family’s home, he says, “I asked, it holds true, for higher treasures that a little food or rest: I needed generosity and sympathy3 (134 ). Mary Shelley utilizes the creature to once again affirm Maslow’s thesis. Now that he has both food and security he can now focus on the psychological requirement to be liked; to receive compassion and sympathy. It is a clear development of the hierarchy that explains this desire to have friendship. The creature unconsciously knows this need yet Shelley, as author, is aware of the intrinsic need that all of humankind faces. Regrettably for the animal, the requirement for relationship and love is not satisfied by the people he longed to receive it from. He is erupted by his “buddies”.
This stops his progression up the ladder. This does not stop the animal though. He chooses to attempt again to gain love and acknowledgment from humans. As he is walking along a river he sees a young girl slip and fall into it. “I hurried from my hiding-place, and, with exreme labour from the force of the existing, saved her … when I was suddenly interrupted by the technique of a rustic … on seeing me … he intended a gun, which he brought, at my body and fired3 (143 ).” Unlike the previous 2 efforts, as the creature is denied of reaching the next need.
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Yet all hope is not lost for he believes that there may be one last chance to get his need of love met. Wed Shelley understands that love and affection would cause the acquisition of growth needs where the animal might be kindly to humanity. She provides one last plea from the creature to Victor for this requirement. “If any being felt feelings of altruism towards me, I need to return them an hundred and an hundredfold; for that a person animals sake I would make peace with the whole kind3 (148 ). The creature tells Victor that he had the ability to love; he had the capability to continue up the ladder if only he can make it up the next step. Human beings have actually failed him but a mate of his own would not. He has the capability to find food and safety but without this mate, he can not discover love. Victor ultimately rejects the creature’s demand and the creature goes on to demonstrate how despiteful and retched anyone can be who that lacks this psychological need. Though Frankenstein was written years before Maslow was born, Mary Shelley had concerned value the Hierarchy of Needs.
Without the previous need met, the creature could not progress to the next level. Without love, neither animal nor human being can proceed to love another individual in this world. 1 Huitt, W. “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Requirements”. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. 2004. 25 Oct. 2008. http://chiron. valdosta. edu/whuitt/col/ regsys/maslow. html. 2 Maslow, A., & & Lowery, R. (Ed. ). Towards a psychology of being (3rd ed. ). New York: Wiley & & Sons. 1998. 3 Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. Penguin Group: New York. 2003.