John Steinbeck’s, Of Mice and Men, and F. Scott Fitzgerald’s, The Excellent Gatsby, share a theme of dehumanization. Dehumanization is portrayed through 2 opposite social classes, the wealthy and the working class, and the ways in which women are treated by males.
Of Mice and Men is a novel about George and Lennie, 2 migrant farmers, who have actually been worked with to work at a farm after being chased out of their last job. The Great Gatsby is interested in its protagonist, Jay Gatsby, and his dedication to rising into the upper class to impress Daisy Buchanan who left him because he was bad.
In the end, characters from both books are either dehumanized due to their class or due to the fact that of their gender. Throughout Of Mice and Men, the wealthy upper class dehumanizes the lower working people by controling and benefiting from them.
Curley’s partner lives a life in luxury on the farm without any work and lots of free time. She roams around the farm claiming that she is trying to find her hubby, but in truth she is exerting her power over the employees. When Scoundrels, one of the employees, talks back to Curley’s spouse, she threatens, “I might get you strung up on a tree so easy it ain’t even funny” (Steinbeck 79).
Steinbeck highlights that she might not only have him incorrectly condemned, but doing so would be no trouble at all. Crooks then, “lowers himself to nothing” and responds, “Yes, ma’am” with a “toneless” voice because he knows that it is true. Steinbeck’s diction even more advocates the theme of dehumanization, especially when he explains Crooks’ voice as “toneless”.
Crooks’ dull response suggests that he has actually accepted his role as unimportant and voiceless. Instead of then walking away, Curley’s spouse continues to take advantage of his inferiority by “waiting for him to move so that she might whip at him once again”.
This short exchange shows how the abundant gain satisfaction from abusing the defenseless. Earlier in the story, George, Lennie, and Candy, another planter, decide to pool their savings together in order to purchase a farm and be their own bosses. At the end of their discussion, George sensibly includes, “Do not inform no one about it, Jus’ us three an’ nobody else.
They li’ble to can us so we can’t make no stake” (60 ), George comprehends that if their current manager discovered the plan they composed, he would make the most of the high reliance they have on their next wage and fire them.
The rich class will do whatever it requires to prevent the impoverished from becoming flourishing. On the other hand, in Of Mice of Guy, Curley’s better half can also be the victim of dehumanization rather than the oppressor. She is typically portrayed as a metaphor for problems in the story since she is a woman.
Steinbeck expresses this by purposely not providing her a name. Her only identifier is her marriage to Curley, whom she seldom speaks with. That identifier is a big reason for why George hates her. When George and Lennie initially fulfill Curley’s wife, George refers to her as “poison”, a “piece of prison bait”, and a “rattrap” (32 ).
He utilizes words that compare her to inanimate objects of contempt that offer the sense that she is not a girl or even a real person, however once again a metaphor for issues. In addition, George commands Lennie to “let Curley take the rap” rather than buying Lennie not to go after Curley’s better half.
George uses the word “let” due to the fact that no one looks for trouble with Curley’s partner, however some one needs to endure her and that regrettable soul, in George’s eyes, need to be Curley. Then when Lennie accidentally eliminates her, the main concern is not her, but how to keep Lennie from getting in difficulty.
Anything that is tied to Curley’s other half can only indicate risk. Likewise, The Terrific Gatsby contains multiple examples of the wealthy dehumanizing the poor. When Nick, the narrator, and Tom Buchanan, Daisy’s spouse, visit the valley of ashes to see Tom’s girlfriend, Myrtle, they likewise come across Myrtle’s husband, George Wilson, a bad automobile mechanic.
George inquires when Tom will be selling him a cars and truck with a tone of desperation in his voice. Tom, noticing this desperation, threatens to “sell it somewhere else after all” (Fitzgerald 25). George rapidly tries to take it back however his voice fades off with submission.
Fitzgerald successfully chooses the words “faded off” to characterize George’s reply because like Crooks in Of Mice and Men, it supports the notion that a few of the lower class workers acknowledge that arguing back with the upper class is worthless.
It is apparent that Tom takes pleasure in dangling this sale over him because George is depending on it. Later on in the novel when Nick and Daisy are visiting Gatsby’s home, Gatsby calls his servant, Klipspringer, over to play them some music. When the servant walks in, Nick right away notices that Gatsby had him change his outfit to make him look more nice for Daisy.
Klipspringer discusses that he was sleeping however Gatsby disrupts to ask him if he plays the piano and after that interrupts him again when Mr. Klipspringer tries to confess that he is out of practice. Gatsby commands that he not “talk a lot” and just play (95 ).
Gatsby’s demand that he not “talk so much” links back to the voiceless quality that Crooks in Of Mice and Guy comprehends to pertain to himself. In this brief discussion, Gatsby is attempting to assist Klipspringer comprehend that this characteristic pertains to him too by not enabling him to finish a single sentence.
Similar to Of Mice and Guy, in The Great Gatsby women are dehumanized to unimportant and frequently overlooked functions. When Gatsby and Tom Buchanan have their altercation on the subject of Daisy, she tries to include her own viewpoint “with a noticeable effort”, crying out that she “will not stand this!” and pleads to leave (133 ).
Nevertheless, both of these remarks are completely disregarded with no action from anyone. Fitzgerald highlights that Daisy is being disregarded by having her cry out opinions “with a visible effort” and after that following that with a response that makes it appear as if no one even hears her.
Later in the novel, Wilson starts to go outrageous and deals with Myrtle inhumanely. When his neighbor hears a loud disruption originating from Wilson’s house, Wilson calmly describes to him that it is just his “partner secured there” (137 ).
Wilson is treating her more like an animal than a human. In the next sequence, Myrtle is struck by an oncoming automobile that ends her “significant vitality”. It is really paradoxical that in the end, Myrtle dies when she was so full of life, yet Daisy will continue her life as an irrelevant and ignored other half.
In the passage showing her death, Fitzgerald powerfully utilizes pronouns to describe Myrtle’s mangled body to recommend that “she” is simply another bad lady from the valley of ashes whose death will develop little effect on the world.
In Of Mice and Men, Curley’s better half finds it extremely effortless to threaten the farmers due to the fact that of their low position on the farm’s hierarchy. However, it is simply as easy for her to end up being the victim of dehumanization being that she is a female. She is viewed less as a person and more as a metaphor for problems.
Also, in The Fantastic Gatsby, Tom Buchanan and Jay Gatsby express indications of disrespect for the working class, such as George Wilson and Mr. Klipspringer. Also, Myrtle and Daisy typically discover themselves constantly dealt with inhumanely and viewed as unimportant.
John Steinbeck communicates the dehumanization of the lower class through adjustment, and the dehumanization of females by utilizing Curley’s partner as a literary gadget to prove a point. F. Scott Fitzgerald also utilizes manipulation as a tool to dehumanize the working class, and he dehumanizes the females by frequently defining them as voiceless.