John Steinbeck’s, Of Mice and Men, and F. Scott Fitzgerald’s, The Excellent Gatsby, share a theme of dehumanization. Dehumanization is represented through 2 opposite social classes, the rich and the working class, and the methods which women are dealt with by men.
Of Mice and Men is a novel about George and Lennie, two migrant farmers, who have been employed to operate at a farm after being chased after out of their last task. The Great Gatsby is concerned with its lead character, Jay Gatsby, and his commitment to increasing into the upper class to impress Daisy Buchanan who left him due to the fact that he was poor.
In the end, characters from both novels are either dehumanized due to their class or because of their gender. Throughout Of Mice and Male, the rich upper class dehumanizes the lower working people by controling and benefiting from them.
Curley’s better half lives a life in luxury on the farm without any work and plenty of downtime. She roams around the farm declaring that she is searching for her spouse, however in truth she is applying her power over the employees. When Scoundrels, one of the employees, talks back to Curley’s better half, she threatens, “I might get you strung up on a tree so simple it ain’t even funny” (Steinbeck 79).
Steinbeck stresses that she could not just have him falsely condemned, but doing so would be no trouble at all. Crooks then, “decreases himself to absolutely nothing” and replies, “Yes, ma’am” with a “toneless” voice due to the fact that he understands that it holds true. Steinbeck’s diction even more advocates the theme of dehumanization, particularly when he explains Criminals’ voice as “toneless”.
Scoundrels’ monotonous response suggests that he has actually accepted his role as unimportant and voiceless. Rather of then leaving, Curley’s wife continues to take advantage of his inferiority by “waiting for him to move so that she might whip at him again”.
This brief exchange demonstrates how the rich gain fulfillment from abusing the helpless. Previously in the story, George, Lennie, and Candy, another planter, choose to pool their cost savings together in order to buy a farm and be their own managers. At the end of their conversation, George sensibly includes, “Do not tell no one about it, Jus’ us 3 an’ nobody else.
They li’ble to can us so we can’t make no stake” (60 ), George understands that if their present employer discovered the plan they made up, he would benefit from the high reliance they have on their next pay checks and fire them.
The wealthy class will do whatever it requires to avoid the impoverished from ending up being thriving. On the other hand, in Of Mice of Men, Curley’s other half can likewise be the victim of dehumanization rather than the oppressor. She is often represented as a metaphor for problems in the story since she is a woman.
Steinbeck expresses this by intentionally not providing her a name. Her only identifier is her marital relationship to Curley, whom she seldom speaks with. That identifier is a large factor for why George loathes her. When George and Lennie first meet Curley’s other half, George refers to her as “poison”, a “piece of jail bait”, and a “rattrap” (32 ).
He utilizes words that compare her to inanimate objects of disdain that provide the sense that she is not a lady and even an actual individual, however again a metaphor for problems. In addition, George commands Lennie to “let Curley take the rap” rather than buying Lennie not to pursue Curley’s other half.
George utilizes the word “let” due to the fact that nobody tries to find difficulty with Curley’s wife, but some one has to tolerate her and that unfortunate soul, in George’s eyes, must be Curley. Then when Lennie unintentionally kills her, the main issue is not her, but how to keep Lennie from getting in problem.
Anything that is connected to Curley’s wife can only imply threat. Likewise, The Excellent Gatsby consists of numerous examples of the rich dehumanizing the poor. When Nick, the narrator, and Tom Buchanan, Daisy’s partner, go to the valley of ashes to see Tom’s mistress, Myrtle, they likewise come across Myrtle’s partner, George Wilson, a poor automobile mechanic.
George asks when Tom will be offering him a car with a tone of desperation in his voice. Tom, noticing this desperation, threatens to “sell it somewhere else after all” (Fitzgerald 25). George rapidly attempts to take it back however his voice fades off with submission.
Fitzgerald effectively chooses the words “faded off” to identify George’s reply because like Crooks in Of Mice and Male, it supports the notion that some of the lower class workers recognize that arguing back with the upper class is useless.
It is apparent that Tom delights in hanging this sale over him due to the fact that George is depending on it. Later on in the unique when Nick and Daisy are going to Gatsby’s house, Gatsby calls his servant, Klipspringer, over to play them some music. When the servant strolls in, Nick right away notifications that Gatsby had him alter his clothes to make him look more nice for Daisy.
Klipspringer describes that he was sleeping but Gatsby interrupts to ask him if he plays the piano and after that disrupts him again when Mr. Klipspringer attempts to admit that he runs out practice. Gatsby commands that he not “talk so much” and just play (95 ).
Gatsby’s request that he not “talk a lot” connects back to the voiceless attribute that Crooks in Of Mice and Guy understands to relate to himself. In this short discussion, Gatsby is attempting to assist Klipspringer understand that this particular refer to him as well by not permitting him to finish a single sentence.
Much like Of Mice and Guy, in The Terrific Gatsby ladies are dehumanized to unimportant and often disregarded roles. When Gatsby and Tom Buchanan have their altercation on the subject of Daisy, she tries to add in her own opinion “with a noticeable effort”, sobbing out that she “won’t stand this!” and begs to leave (133 ).
However, both of these remarks are entirely overlooked without any response from anybody. Fitzgerald emphasizes that Daisy is being overlooked by having her cry out opinions “with a noticeable effort” and after that following that with an action that makes it look like if no one even hears her.
Later in the unique, Wilson starts to go outrageous and deals with Myrtle inhumanely. When his next-door neighbor hears a loud disturbance originating from Wilson’s house, Wilson calmly discusses to him that it is just his “other half secured there” (137 ).
Wilson is treating her more like an animal than a human being. In the next series, Myrtle is struck by an oncoming cars and truck that ends her “remarkable vitality”. It is extremely ironic that in the end, Myrtle dies when she was so full of life, yet Daisy will continue her life as an insignificant and neglected spouse.
In the passage highlighting her death, Fitzgerald powerfully uses pronouns to explain Myrtle’s mangled body to recommend that “she” is simply another poor lady from the valley of ashes whose death will create little impact on the world.
In Of Mice and Men, Curley’s other half discovers it remarkably uncomplicated to threaten the farmers because of their low position on the farm’s hierarchy. Nevertheless, it is simply as simple for her to become the victim of dehumanization being that she is a woman. She is viewed less as a person and more as a metaphor for problems.
Also, in The Fantastic Gatsby, Tom Buchanan and Jay Gatsby express indications of disrespect for the working class, such as George Wilson and Mr. Klipspringer. Likewise, Myrtle and Daisy typically find themselves continuously treated inhumanely and viewed as unimportant.
John Steinbeck conveys the dehumanization of the lower class through adjustment, and the dehumanization of women by utilizing Curley’s partner as a literary gadget to show a point. F. Scott Fitzgerald also utilizes control as a tool to dehumanize the working class, and he dehumanizes the women by frequently characterizing them as voiceless.