Of Mice and Males– How Does Steinbeck Develop a Relationship with His Audience
How does Steinbeck check out different attitude towards ladies in the novel Of Mice and Male? John Steinbeck provides a range of different mindsets towards women in the novel ‘Of Mice and Guy.’ I will check out these mindsets in order to represent the representation of females in the book; in which there are many different women with various mindsets respectively. Steinbeck uses the portrayal of Curley’s wife, who is the main female protagonist to show how ladies were treated during the 1930’s ‘Anxiety era.’ The females I will analyse are Curley’s partner, Auntie Clara, Susy, Clara, The woman in Weed and Curley’s other half’s mom.
In the novel, females play a considerable function as they are included in every scene of the story. Nevertheless their functions can be defined adversely for they are portrayed as weak and as belongings of males. Steinbeck displays many different females who are displayed from a man’s perspective in a sexist age. The reader’s first encounter with a female character is ‘The female in Weed.’ She exists as a liar and exaggerator due to her response when Lennie pulled her dress. George and Lennie are forced to get away from Weed, in order to leave the freshly formed mob chasing them.
This requires the reader to view females in a diminishing method at the start, which influences the reader’s understanding on females in general, throughout the book. After the preliminary encounter with a woman the reader is encouraged to think that ‘The female in Weed’ seemed to be the source of George and Lennie’s issue. This concept of women being pest-like, toxin and objects of sexual desire is used throughout the book. This ideology is presented in the likes of Susy and Clara. Susy and Clara were both whorehouse owners, this task taken by both women suggests the type of jobs available for females at the time.
Steinbeck provides life when the ranch workers go to the slut house. This suggests that females were seen as simply a pass time during the 1930s and no-one had any respect for them. This shows how women were seen as being an object utilized to have fun not to socialise with. The task they have, in comparison with Curley’s partner’s role, demonstrates how Steinbeck shows the role of females in the novel. The language and context causes the reader to perceive ladies as items that need to cater for a guy’s every impulse. Steinbeck supplies the reader with one reasonably favorable role of a female throughout the unique, in the type of Lennie’s ‘Auntie Clara. Aunt Clara is not his mother, but she has handled the maternal function and it is indicated that she is a blood relative. She is a flat character but when she is discussed, it is in a respectful tone. We can think that from the way Lennie talk with her in his mind in the last pages that she has high requirements; Lennie says ‘ma’am’. This shows that Lennie respects her. Making use of ‘Aunt Clara’ provides the reader with blended attitudes towards women in the story. Yet this positive picture of females is overlooked as the reader meets the similarity Curley’s spouse and her mother.
Curley’s other half’s mother is represented as conniving and envious, due to her involvement in Curley’s partner’s life. Curley’s wife is altered from ending up being a film star and following the ‘American dream,’ to dealing with Curley, a dominant and sexist male who does not permit her to be free. Throughout the novel the reader is expectant to distinguish ladies as ownerships, this expectation is substantially shown with Curley’s wife. Curley’s other half is the primary woman presented in the book. Her tone of language and the type of language linked to her is the very same as the stereotyped representation of females in the 1930’s.
She is subjected to sexist beliefs which essentially pave the way to her death, for if she hadn’t sought attention from Lennie who appeared to be one of the only men to talk to her, she wouldn’t be dead. Steinbeck presents the women in the novel as being an item, not like typical individuals even if they are women and they believe males are superior. Men think they own women and can treat them how they wish to. In the unique, the ladies are socially inferior to the males and guys simply see them as ownerships or things.
Curley’s better half is nameless which suggests that she is insignificant and unimportant, which she is not treated like the men on the ranch who all have names. The importance of her character is essential for the story’s development. The apostrophe in ‘Curley’s’ recommends that she comes from Curley as if she is just an object. Likewise, when we learn that Curley’s glove has plenty of Vaseline, it suggests that he likes petting his better half, similar to Lennie like petting dogs, mice and bunnies. This suggests that Curley considers his better half like an animal. It likewise provides the ramification that he needs to please her but there is no love in their relationship.
Curley is proud of his better half, particularly when she makes others envious of him. Nevertheless, he has no regard for his other half and reveals her off like a trophy other half. In the future in the unique, we find out that Curley’s spouse doesn’t actually like Curley, and only wed him in the hope of getting away a lonesome, dull life. ‘I do not like Curley. He ain’t a great fella.’ She appears preoccupied with techniques to prevent detection from her spouse and manages this by continuously asking of his location. ‘Have any of you young boys seen Curley?’ Like George, Lenny and later on Candy, Curley’s partner has a dream in spite of it being one of fantastic contrast to theirs.
The futility of dreams is ever present within the novel. Curley’s wife has an aspiration to operate in movies ‘coulda been in the motion pictures and worn good clothing’ and this is no doubt originated from her desire for attention and is linked to her loneliness and insecurities on the cattle ranch as she bitterly frowns at not being treated as an individual. Men make pledges to her ‘he says he was gon na out me in the motion pictures’ however she appears to do not have the intelligence to understand the vacuum of their guarantees. This means that females were presented to have a lack of intelligence and were just there to look good.
Steinbeck provides females as items of prohibited desire. The word “jail bait” is utilized to describe Curley’s partner consistently throughout the novel, this word explains his other half in such a way that presents her as a really attractive young girl, however the term jail bait can likewise be used to reveal that she is a risk to toy with. Despite the fact that she is continuously flaunting herself, if she is approached in any method it will trigger dispute with Curley which could result in an altercation that might cause a jail sentence. For this reason her being bait, to end up in prison. ‘… Yeah? married two weeks and got the eye’
Using these words Steinbeck is suggesting that all ladies begin taking a look at other males only two weeks after being wed. The words ‘the eye’ recommends it resembles an illness you can get which will make you look at other men instead of your own. The reader has the ability to identify the unfavorable atmosphere when Curley’s other half is discussed, through the language and attitudes of the ranch workers related to Curley’s better half. “Curley’s married … a tart.” This demonstrates how George values women extremely little bit as he calls Curley’s better half “a tart”. This might be evaluated as bias as he does not fully understand her and leaps to conclusion.
However in the book john Steinbeck provides ladies in a negative style, for example Curley’s spouse is extremely intriguing and dwells on men’s feelings and takes advantage of them. John Steinbeck’s view represents that of many individuals throughout the 1930’s. John Steinbeck’s use of colour meaning can be interpreted through Curley’s wife. Curley’s other half is connected with the colour red. The colour red is also related to ‘The female in Weed,’ this suggests that George’s negative attitude towards ladies like Curley’s spouse, is associated with his stereotype of ladies, due to his formerly bad encounters with them.
The colour red can be associated with danger, love, desire and blood. This suggests that the use of the colour red with women supplies the reader with belief that they may be associated with risk, romance, lust and blood. The story surrounded by the actions of Curley’s spouse can be translated through the likes of Genesis and Greek Folklore. In Genesis, Adam and Eve are met with a snake who beguiles them to consume fruit from the tree which god had advised them not to eat from. In effect they are expelled from heaven.
This can be translated as Curley’s spouse being the snake and George and Lennie being Adam and Eve, as Curley’s wife produces the blockage of fulfilling the dream George and Lennie had of owning their own home. In Greek Folklore, Sirens draw sailors to their death. Sirens are sexy female creatures in Greek Folklore. The function of Sirens can be analyzed through Curley’s other half. The Sirens seduce sailors to their deaths. Due to using language used by Steinbeck, the reader is forced to accept the role of Curley’s better half as a variation of a Siren.
Curley’s partner is, socially speaking, a minimal figure. She is a minority and has very little power on the planet. She is presented as a “tart” and a trouble-maker, Curley’s better half is presented in increasingly considerate methods as the novel progresses. In the end, rather of being a trouble-maker, Curley’s spouse is a victim. Not just is she is victim of a murder, however she is also a victim of circumstance, having wed to escape house only to discover herself trapped on the ranch where she has no friends, nothing to do, and is allowed just one relationship.
The reader is forced to see her death as sympathising, as the death of somebody young is more unpleasant than of a senior. To conclude I will offer my own viewpoint relating to the various mindsets towards women in the novel ‘Of Mice and Male.’ As a reader, my consumption on this circumstance is that Steinbeck uses a range of techniques that depict ladies in various senses. However, these various attitudes are put aside as they are overpowered by the ideology that ladies are inferior to males which they are their