Bias is a preconceived viewpoint or judgment without correct knowledge or assessment of facts. I have actually discovered that bias is unjust and results in intolerance, discrimination and racism. These elements of bias are shown in the texts, “To Kill a Buffooning Bird” by Harper Lee, “Obesity: The Last bastion of bias” by Sahale Flanagan, and “A Bridge to Wiseman’s Cove” by James Moloney.
Intolerance of particular groups of individuals based upon prejudice and bigotry is found in “To Kill a Mocking Bird” by Harper Lee. Atticus accepts a case to protect a black guy in a town where blacks are segregated and disliked. This makes the entire town turn versus him and even his kids because they can decline that one of their own is defending someone that they dislike.
“Your daddy (Atticus) is a disgrace, an’ that nigger oughta hang from the water-tank!” (p84)
Due to the extreme bigotry rooted deep in the community, public display of intolerant behaviour is accepted in the town. Likewise, the short article Weight problems: The Last Bastion of Prejudice by Sahale Flanagan, illustrates the intolerant mindsets towards the overweight based on stereotyped views. She utilizes the personal experience of a female who has actually experienced an abrupt change in mindsets towards her due to a 150lb gain in weight.
“… my kids were embarrassed, pals sympathized with me, and complete strangers were shamelessly disgusted by my existence.”– Leslie Lampert
By utilizing an individual experience, Flanagan reveals the opposite of the story and is able to emphasize the prejudice towards the overweight by conjuring up guilt and compassion into the reader. Flanagan likewise utilizes second individual to be confrontational and blunt in order to show the stereotypical, intolerant views of the overweight. In this method, she makes the audience feel responsible and awkward.
“You probably think she smells bad, you pity her, you ridicule her …”
These texts illustrate how intolerance based on prejudice viewpoints is destructive and unjust.
Discrimination is discovered in lots of places in “To Kill a Mocking Bird”, especially with the trial of Tom Robinson. Tom is a black male, who is discriminated against due to the fact that of racial prejudice. He is convicted of a criminal offense regardless of all proof recommending he was innocent due to the fact that it would be a danger in a neighborhood which thought about blacks as an inferior class, if the word of a black man was taken control of the word of two whites.
“If your not better then a black, who are you better then?”p186
Harper Lee creates a solemn atmosphere during Tom’s verdict to stress the oppression and discrimination of the ruling. By using long sentences detailing the motions of each private she produces a depressed atmosphere, awaiting the unavoidable.
“The supervisor handed a piece of paper to Mr. Tate who commended the clerk who handed it to the judge … guilty … guilty … guilty …” p233
Likewise, in “A Bridge to Wiseman’s Cove” by James Moloney, Carl Matt is assumed to be a problem maker and is not welcome in Wattle Beach simply since he carries the name Matt. Throughout the novel, there are various undertones of the discriminating mindsets towards Carl since of an occurrence that took place in the previous concerning his grandpa who was a Matt.
“I never ever believed I ‘d see it, Delight Duncan sticking up for a Matt.” P85
This discrimination is particularly apparent when Carl tries to find a task at the barge. Moloney uses a contrast in attitudes to highlight the discrimination. At first, Avoid is keen and pleased to get Carl working,
“Skip laughed, you’re a keen one I’ll offer you that.” P65
His words show that he has actually established a fondness for Carl. Nevertheless in contrast, he becomes furious when he discovers that Carl is a Matt.
“Matt! … you bring a Matt onto my barge, let him come here, asking me for a job!” (p66)
The discrimination in these texts is evident in revealing the oppressions of prejudice.
Bias causes intolerance, discrimination and racism. These aspects of prejudice are checked out by the texts, “To Eliminate a Mocking Bird”, “Obesity: The Last Bastion of Prejudice” and “A Bridge to Wiseman’s Cove”. These texts reveal the oppressions that stem from bias and how, as Atticus Finch puts it–“… You never ever really understand a man till you stand in his shoes and walk around in them.” (p309)