Rhetorical Analysis Mlk Letter from Birmingham Jail
Martin Luther Kings inspiration for writing his, “Letter from Birmingham Prison” was mainly to interest an indisputable oppression that happened throughout his time. His letter was in reaction tos 8 white clergymen, who objected to King objecting in Birmingham. Or. King successfully crafted his counterargument after evaluating the clergymen’s unjust propositions and then he had the ability to present his reburtaL Dr. King successfully formed his counterargument by very first directty addressing his audience. the clergymen and then utilizing logo designs. pathos and egos to present his own perspective on his challenger’s statements.
The majority of the sentences in Kings letter can be linked to logos, pathos or ethos and his incorporation of appeals is masterful. On more than one ocasion, King utilizes numerous methods to appeal to his audience, in rhe letter he writes, “l have the honor of functioning as president of the Southern Christian Management Conference, a company operating in every southern State. with head office in Atlanta, Georgia. We have some eighty-five associated companies throughout the South, and one of them is the Alabama Christian Motion for Person Rights. In this excerpt, King presents his ethos extremely actically The Alabama clergy presents him as an outsider in the letter, however showing his ethos, King provides himself as an expert. He is not simply a guy Who picked to protest in an outdoors community. however remains in truth the president Of the Conference. He is a clergyman speaking with other clergymen, however likewise part of a company that has a chapter in their state. There were also other kinds of values in his letter, King makes certain to demonstrate his religious ethos by tracing his own heritage of ministerial ancestors and discussing his own church management.
He also makes scriptural referrals, omparing his struggle With the Apostle Paul and the prophets who spread their message to neighboring villages- similar to what King did for his people. He uses this connection to further validate his actions. King refers to examples throughout history that need a need for action. A few of his examples are well known such as Hitler while others were not as popular, This appeals ro principles because it demonstrates King’s palate for quality education. showing his trustworthiness. I began thinking of the fact that stand in the middle of two opposing forces in the Negro community. One is a force of complacency, made up in part of Negroes who, as a result of long years of oppression, are so drained pipes of self- respect and a sense at ‘somebodiness’ that they have actually adapted to partition; and in part of a few middle class Negroes who, since Of a degree Of scholastic and financial security and since in some methods they profit by segregation. have actually become insensitive to the problems of the masses.
The other force is one of bitterness and hatred, and it comes perilously close to promoting violence. It is revealed in the various black nationalist groups that are emerging across the ation, the largest. and best-known being Elijah Muhammad’s Muslim movement. Nourished by the Negros disappointment over the continued presence of racial discrimination, this movement is made up of people who haue despaired in America, who haue absolute”/ repudiated Christianity, and who haue concluded that the white man is an incorrigible ‘devil'” In this passage.
Kings discussion of logos is genius. He effectively reveals the clergymen two sides of the community. the one of complacency and the other of hatred and cynicism. In this excerpt he does not try to validate his motives, ut rather puts truths on the table so that the audience might clearly see that his reaction was suitable Ir is indicated with this statement that King did not have to take control of the circumstance. He is generally stating that even if he had actually picked to stay neutral, Black Nationalist groups would have took action regardless. Another circumstances when Martin Luther King Jr. tilizes the strategy of directly resolving his audience to present his defense is evident in the part of his letter starting, “You might well ask: Why direct action? Isn’t settlement a much better path?’ You are rather ideal in calling, for negotiation” In this example, he also utilizes ppeal to reasoning as the main foundation of his argument however periodically intertwines pathos and clever word choice together with the logo designs. Dr. King first recognizes a part of his opponent’s argument and slowly chooses it apart. He achieves this by focusing on the word “stress. According to the text, through a contrast of violent stress, which is undesirable, and nonviolent stress, which is positive, he gradually develops the principle that the ‘constructive, nonviolent stress’ will, “assist guys rise from the dark depths of bias and racism to the magnificent heights of understanding and brotherhood.” King utilizes unrivaled word option, such as “dark depths” and “marvelous heights,” to accurately present his viewpoint. He then continues with, “Too long has our cherished Southland been slowed down in a terrible effort to reside in monologue instead of dialogue. His declaration not just uses rational thinking to identity the requirement for negotiation, hur likewise utilizes pathos to produce feelings of sympathy and remorse. The ‘awful effort’ reveals how mentally extreme the previous years have actually been for Negros end their inability to have a say in the ‘monologue’. The rational appeal is likewise present because he clearly mentions the urpose of their direct-action program, which is to force an open door negotiation with both sides having power. Therefore, he is trying to produce the “dialogue” through usage of logo designs however also incorporates word choice and pathos.
Logo designs is present throughout King’s letter and this is expected considering that the letter is a justification of his actions. “I have actually beheld the excellent lays out of her enormous religious-education buildings. Cn. ‘er and over have found myself asking: “What sort of people worship here? Who is their God? Where uuere their voices when the lips of Governor garnert dripped with words of interposition and ullification? Where were they when Governor Wallace gave a clarion require defiance and hatred?
Where were their voices of support when bruised and tired Negro males and females chose to rise from the dark dungeons of complacency to the intense hills of creative protest?” King links his audience to his pathos by using numerous examples of the church as a source of pathos and making them look closely at the significance of the church and the hatred that it helping in promoting. He forces the audience (through the rhetorical questions) to take a look at precisely what their white churches signify and he inappropriate manner in which they dealt with the African-Americans.
Alike, King makes them see rhe whole scenario from his point ot view, Through using particular rhetorical techniques such as logos, pathos, and values, Martin Luther King Jr. successfully objected to the clergymen’s argument. His success was also due to his special method of straight resolving his audience the clergymen, to produce the basis of his argument. From there, King is able to slowly pick apart and shatter his challenger’s claims. This efficient technique permitted King to provide his counterclaim with more authority and conviction and hus accomplish his objective: validate the factors for nonviolent demonstrations against segregation.
Functions Cited King Jr., Martin LLetter from a Birmingham Jail Fields of Reading 9th Edition. Nancy Comely, David Hamilton King, Martin Luther, Jr. “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” Innovation and Design. Ed. Forrest D. Burt and Cleve Want. Fourth ed. Ali-Dinar, Ai B., ed. “Letter From a Birmingham Jail [King. Jr.]” African Research Studies Center. University of Pennsylvania. 8 Sept 2001 Biographical Summary of Or. Martin Luther King, Jr. l King Center. The King Estate, 2004. Web. 14 2010.