Romeo and Juliet and Fourteenth Century Verona
The Shakespearean tale of Romeo and Juliet is a story of 2 enthusiasts from enemy families, the Montague’s and the Capulet’s, are forbidden from being together gladly. They have to go behind their moms and dads’ backs and this ends in their tragic deaths. Tybalt is the cousin of Juliet and a Capulet who likewise serves as a driver for the heart wrenching occasions that occur even more on into the story. I am comparing Act 1 Scene 1 of William Shakespeare’s ‘Romeo and Juliet’ with the Baz Lurhmann film variation.
The book is set in fourteenth century Verona, Italy in contrast the film is set in a contemporary on Verona Beach, California. Shakespeare wrote the play between 1591 and 1596 whereas the film was produced in 1996. The primary focus of my essay is the character Tybalt and how he is presented in both movie and book. The name Tybalt would have undertones to a cat due to the fact that an old myth ‘Reynard the Fox’ represented a feline called Tibbles as a sly character, Tybalt is described as ‘Prince of Cats’ further on in the story.
The four humours likewise played a large part of Elizabethan life as it was what they believed your personality was based upon. The story uses many references to the 4 humours and Tybalt is described as ‘fiery’ very early on in the story to reveal his brief mood and anger. We initially see Tybalt in Act 1 Scene 1 where Benevolio is trying to part a fight between 2 servants who have their swords out. Benevolio does not desire anybody to get seriously hurt. As quickly as Tybalt goes into the environment immediately changes. In his first line he insults Benevolio ‘What art thou drawn among these uncaring hinds?. This is him referring to Benevolio as somebody as low as the servants when he is of the same level of importance. He comes across angrier than any of the other characters previous to him. Whereas the servants had been having a joke in advance Tybalt enters and seems desperate for a fight. He then goes on to say “What, drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word”. This stresses the argumentative side of Tybalt and it’s nearly as if he’s attempting to oppose whatever Benevolio is stating in order to have a battle.
In the film this line is said in a different way as the word ‘peace’ is repeated as a question ‘Peace? Peace. I hate the word as I dislike hell’. This reveals that Tybalt is confused and nearly can’t quite believe that he has actually heard Benevolio speak of such a thing. The way he spits the words show an aspect of disgust towards the extremely tip of parting a battle. Tybalt utilizes repetition of the word ‘dislike’ and likewise he utilizes ‘death’ and ‘coward’ to insult Benevolio. At this time these words would have been very strong and offensive.
Prior to Tybalt had entered this scene no words as harsh as these had actually been utilized and nothing was taken this seriously. The entire scene has intensified since Tybalt’s entryway. The first scene in the Baz Luhrmann movie is embeded in a gas station in California where the Montagues are getting petrol to fill their car and the Capulets step out of their vehicle and again the state of mind modifications unexpectedly. The first we see of Tybalt is the metal heels of his boots which have actually embossed on them his hallmark cat imprint.
He drops the match he’s utilized to light his cigarette and crushed it under his shoe it one slick movement. This could be describing the ease he would utilize to crush the Montagues. The impression offered of Tybalt in the book is really various to the film. In the book he is represented from the really starting as an upset man who is desperate for a battle. In the movie the first thing we see of him is his shoes which instantly brings a big element of secret to the scene and makes the viewer question the character they have not yet completely portrayed.
Iambic pentameter is utilized in both the story and the book and this is used to show the distinction in classes. Only the primary characters speak in Iambic pentameter the servants speak in prose. This would permit the audience to comprehend the difference in background of the various character. If they speak in iambic pentameter they immediately viewed as more vital and greater up in class. In the film Tybalt speaks gradually and pronounces every word plainly, this practically stresses the hate he feels for the Montagues.
Similarly in the book his speech consists of a lot of punctuation which shows that although he is threatening Benevolio and insulting him throughout it he remains calm. Tybalt’s speech in the film is very important because most of what he says is stated in a tone which sounds like he is repulsed by the reality he is actually speaking with the Montagues. However one very ironic element is making use of the title ‘Sir’ utilized by both families when attending to each other. ‘Sir’ is used in case a higher member of authority saw this argument and they were reported.
They attend to each other as ‘Sir’ so neither one of them is as likely to get in difficulty whereas if they insulted each other one or both families would have to pay the rate. After the fight the Prince tells the leaders of the various households that if another battle breaks out one of them will pay with their lives. Tybalt is both movie and book is represented as a sly, argumentative, and intense catlike character that is constantly up for a fight, he hates the Montague household more highly than any other member of the Capulets or so it appears and he has no clear reason behind this hate.