Shirley Jackson The Lotto Analysis Essay Research
Shirley Jackson The Lottery Analysis Essay, Term Paper
Repressing Difficulties to Order
The stiff structure of society reinforces order and promotes conformity of all classes, but a private opposing recognized custom-mades positions a danger. Shirley Jackson, the author of The Lotto, communicates that defiant impulses of people are quelched by society to maintain a stiff social order.
The lottery game implements an unjust difference in class status between males and females. Females are secondary in the social power structure of the town, as revealed when Mrs. Hutchinson’s household is picked in the first round. Objecting that her daughter and son-in-law “didn’t take their chance,” (562) Mr. Summers advises her that “children draw with their partners’ families,” (562) showing that power is specifically held in the hands of males in households. Ladies, as inferior housewives, need to send to their partners’ power over them due to the fact that as men in the work force, they connect to the community financially and attend to household. Mrs. Hutchinson, however, rebels against this male supremacy. Arriving late, she raises suspicions of resistance to whatever the lotto represents. When her household name is called, she pushes her hubby, “Get up there, Costs.” (561) In doing so, she acts rebelliously, ironically opposing custom-made by reversing the accepted power relation between couples. In her name Hutchinson, Jackson mentions the religious reformer Anne Hutchinson, who, since she was a female preacher, was thought about a danger to society and stringent Puritan laws. She was eradicated from her society, as Tessie is stoned and removed. In this way, Jackson shows that rebellion of a place in society is quelched.
In addition to the reinforcement of a company department in between the genders, the institution of the lotto preserves the structure of society by inspiring work. A fear is instilled that lack of efficiency will cause one to be selected in the next lottery and banished from the typical group. The village exposes this fear in their questions after the first round: “Who is it? Who’s got it? Is it the Dunbars? Is it the Watsons?” (562) The Dunbars and the Watsons are the least efficient households in the village, with Mr. Dunbar’s leg broken and Mr. Watson dead. This unconscious fear that uselessness figures out the lottery’s “winner” produces reward for thorough work. The human impulses of disobedience and questioning are redirected in anger at rebels, as the Adamses’ short idea that the lotto may be quit is squashed by Warner, who emphatically states:
Load of crazy fools, listening to young folks, absolutely nothing’s sufficient for them. Next think you know, they’ll be wanting to return to living in caves, no one work anymore, live that way for a while. Used to be a saying about ‘Lottery game in June, corn be heavy quickly.’ (561)
Jackson shows society’s belief that without the lottery game as a symbol of a suppressing danger to cause worry, there would be no motivation to work. Because there is a worry, work is done and society and order are preserved.
Intimidating society into conformity begins really early, as seen in this story in addition to throughout history. Davy Hutchinson is given pebbles to stone his mom, learning what to do before understanding why he does it. In the very same method, schoolchildren are impressed with undertones of historical figures without even understanding why. This is equivalent to Hitler’s Youth, where Hitler bred Nazis and anti-Semitists from children. Although organizations might not reach Hitler, believing on one’s own mind has become uncommon in society’s subtle goal to repress individuality and obstacles to order.