Song of Roland Notes

Tune of Roland Notes

Roland essay notes Citation: Trigger: In what ways did Ganelon’s character as a feudal warrior conflict with his function in Christian feudal society? What can those conflicts tell us about the writer’s ideal view of society? Thesis: Ganelon’s traitorous actions against Roland, Charlemagne, and eventually God reveal the author’s concepts of the perfect Christian feudal society. While Roland and Charlemagne work as archetypes of perfect servants of God, Ganelon enacts the bad, which accentuates the excellent. Misc notes:

Rear guard sacrifice required to bring Charles back into image Roland sacrificed himself to enlighten Charles Ganelon sought his own selfish interests, while his loyalty must have lied with Charles, who represented the will of god. Ganelon = Judas, Roland = Jesus Quotations://”No crusading intent can be found in this business, though there were attempts … to provide it such a// coloring, as though Charles had actually entered Spain to secure the Christians from the harsh yoke of Saracen// injustice– an oppression that in face did not exist.” (SOR, 4) The poem … has kept bit of the historic occasion … This non-event has been enlarged into a fantastic impressive of treachery and loyalty, and this humiliating defeat at the hands of unknown brigands changed into a holy crusade, a glorious martyrdom, a fantastic apocalyptic success ordained by God.” (SOR, 4) “It was considered as the time when the terrific dream of Christendom had come true, when a worldwide Christian neighborhood was established under a pious and crusading Emperor, and all guys were bound in ascending commitment to each other and to the Lord of all.

The Carolingian Empire was viewed as the fulfillment of a magnificent intention.” (SOR, 5). “We see in the Charlemagne of the impressive, not the historic king and emperor, however the true and precise representation of a perfect ardently applauded at the time the poem was cast into its present type … all males were in their right locations … when all Christian powers oriented themselves in homage to this great man, wise with the wisdom of 200 years of God’s grace.” (SOR, 6) “The past [The Song of Roland] exposed to its earliest audiences was truly a vision of the future.

Those who shared that past were to offer their assistance to the King’s terrific battle, as struggle that aimed not to advance from that auspicious time when angles boiled down from paradise and the sun stalled to help the Emperor protect all Christendom, however to go back to it, to restore what had actually been lost: a best state pleasing to God.” (SOR, 7) “The lord that Roland serves is portrayed as the Emperor of Christendom; Charlemagne, in turn, is in the service of the supreme Lord of paradise … the life of the feudal vassal can have no value unless it is sanctified by service to God. (SOR, 9) “The pagan vassals are specific doubles of Christian vassals … the one radical difference in between the two sides in this poem is exactly what Roland says it is, the reality that Christians are ideal and pagans are incorrect … Roland’s famous utterance … suggests precisely the reverse of what it is typically taken to mean. It is the warrior’s expression of humility, his understanding that … without the grace of God his fantastic qualities would lead him to perdition.” (SOR, 9) Every formal conflict in the poem is specified as a judicial fight whose result is God’s verdict … In each case the incredible success of the smaller side exposes the will of God, for only He could have caused the astonishing outcome.” (SOR, 10) “We know– and our understanding precedes every event, every cause, every motive– that Roland will refuse to sound the Oliphant: for that reason, his rejection is essential, for it is achieved … We should regard his terrific spirit, his happy motives, and his famous act as praiseworthy, exemplary, pleasing to God, due to the fact that they are necessary, predicted, exactly as they took place.” (SOR, 14) On the planet that this poem commemorates, [Roland] can not be best by mishap: not only his choices however his whole attitude is right– his militant reaction to the pagans, his entire sense of what a Christian knight need to do is closest to what pleases God, for it originates from God.” (SOR, 19) “The issues that led [Roland] to decline to summon assistance– honor, family tree, sweet France– are called and praised by Charles … Just if there is a triumph of the few versus the lots of can the result of the battle expose the will of God … he is the agent of God’s will, the supreme vassal, and God has sanctified his calling, endowed it with a mission. (SOR, 21) “Each man in this feudal community finds his location in a hierarchical structure of loyalties that ends in Charlemagne, to whom all are bound, as he is bound to them in the commitment to protect them.” (SOR, 22) “When Ganelon, at the height of his rage, shouts at Roland … ‘I do not enjoy you,’… It means: the bonds of loyalty are cut, we are enemies.” (SOR, 22) “Here we view as well the real Ganelon, the important Ganelon– the male who, in his whole-hearted obedience to the law, subverts its intention and works the destruction of his community.

For the result of his brave departure is to plant the seeds of discord and to endanger the life of Charles’s greatest vassal.” (SOR, 22) City of male vs city of god “A new state is brought into being by the treason of Ganelon, which looks like a shadow-act of the great treason that inaugurated the salvation of the human race, and by the trial in which he is condemned.” (SOR, 25) Appearance of the state within the frame of the poem’s action happens for this factor: when something can be betrayed, that is proof that it exists … it can be betrayed since it is real and can require loyalty.” (SOR, 25) “France takes on a native character and exposes exactly what it is that pleases God: it is a state in which all males are bound in commitment through their ultimate responsibility to the King, a state whose unity and well-being drive from the subordination of all advantages, rights, and interests to the King picked by God. (SOR, 27) “Considering that God foresaw all things and, for this reason, that male would sin, our conception of the supernatural City of God need to be based what God foreknew and forewilled, and not o human fancies that might never ever become a reality, since it was not in God’s plan that they should. Not even by his sin might man alter the counsels of God, in the sense of compelling Him to modify what He had as soon as decided.

The fact is that, by His omniscience, God might predict 2 future realities: how bad guy whom God had developed great was to become, and how much great God was to make out of this very wicked. (CD, 14. 11)” “Whoever seeks to be more than he is becomes less, and while he desires be self-sufficing he retires from Him who is really adequate for him … there is a wickedness by which a man who is self-satisfied as if he were the light turns himself far from that true Light which, had guy enjoyed it, would have made him a sharer in the light. CD, 14. 11 p. 311)” “2 cities have actually been formed by 2 enjoys: the earthly by the love of self, the divine by love of God, even to the contempt of self. The former, in a word, magnificences in itself, the latter in the Lord. For the one seeks magnificence from males; however the greatest magnificence of the other is God, the witness of conscience. The one raises its head in its own magnificence; the other says to its God, ‘Thou art my glory, and the lifter up of mine head.’ (CD, 14. 20)”