‘The Crucible’ is a play written by Arthur Miller in the 1950’s. It is a play based on the Salem witch trials. It is fictionally retelling the occasions that occurred in the 17th century.
It was written at the time of the McCarthy period, where numerous innocent individuals had actually been implicated of communism. Senator Joseph McCarthy affected society so that they feared communism by implicating various different individuals of it. McCarthy abused his power of sending fear into the society, and utilized it to his benefit. The Crucible concentrates on the abuse of power in a theocratic society, where religious beliefs is supreme and manages everybody in the society. This then gave power to people who declared and were said to be closest to God, such as ministers and reverends.
Status played a vital function in both the society and in the play, where the people with status controlled the society and controlled everyone’s minds, so that they believed that they were right. This was the concept of the theocratic society, where individuals that never ever worshipped or followed God would be against him and therefore versus the society and its laws. Then they would be penalized, such as being hung. This is displayed in ‘The Crucible’ play many times, as many individuals are hung due to ‘conjuring the devil.’ This fear of ‘the devil’ in their society leads those with power to abuse it by continuing to wrongly accuse individuals and making them result in death, which is what McCarthyism was all about. This can be shown in ‘The Crucible’ as John Proctor (The primary character) was lead to death. In this essay I will be focussing on how miller attempts to persuade the audience that John Proctor is the play’s hero.
At the beginning of Act 1, Arthur Miller presents John Proctor as ‘a powerful and an even tempered male.’ Miller provides us the sense that Proctor is a well appreciated male, who is feared in Salem. ‘Proctor, appreciated and even feared in Salem.’ This makes us feel that Proctor is worthy and for that reason is playing the role of a hero. Proctor has earned the regard of the town in the past. In the introduction of Proctor it is hinted that he is playing as the hero, ‘a fool felt his absurdity quickly’ which reveals that Proctor will not stand foolishness in his existence which he is an effective individual.
When the audience first see Proctor, in the conversation in between Mary and Abigail, Proctor fills the environment with worry. ‘Mary warren, hardly talk with shame and worry.’ This reveals Proctors authority. Miller reveals worry by showing Proctors dominance with his servant Mary Warren. ‘Be you absurd Mary warren? Be you deaf? I prohibit you leave the house.’ Proctor treats Mary harshly and reveals consistent supremacy suddenly. This shows the power and impact Proctor has. Later on, when Proctor is talking with Abigail, we are told about the affair he has actually had with her. This is a non-heroic act. Although Proctor has had an affair with Abigail, he feels guilty about it and states no to Abigail ‘Abby, I never ever offer you wish to wait for me.’ This shows that Proctor does not want to pursue their relationship. Proctor is shown to still have love for his better half Elizabeth, as in the opening scene Abigail talks ill of her and in reply Proctor provides her a danger. ‘Do you look for a whipping?’
In Act 2, Proctor is implicated of not going to Church, and not being Christian. However Proctor responds that he has assisted build the church. ‘I nailed the roofing system upon the church, I hung the door.’ Here Miller shows Proctor being a good Christian and an exemplary male as he has assisted construct the church. Various characters in the play respect Proctor and they request his viewpoint and assistance. ‘John-tell me, are we lost?’ Here a character asks Proctor for guidance and relies on his answer.
In the very same act Miller also reveals us that proctor is a worthy individual and attempts to put things right. He attempts to get forgiveness from his partner, however John’s guilt and her coldness makes him feel unforgiven. ‘You forget nothin, and you forgive nothin.’ In the same conversation Elizabeth asks Proctor about why he lied to her about being alone with Abigail, Proctor replies it has been seven months given that the affair. ‘Were I a stone, I would have split for pity this seven month.’ Here proctor repents of himself. This shows that he is a hero as he is being sorry for and repenting on his sin.
In Act 2 Proctor threats his liberty for Elizabeth as he rips up the warrant for Elizabeth’s arrest, and he is not fretted about authority. This is heroic behaviour as he enjoys his wife, and is safeguarding her by risking his liberty. This is shown later once again, when Proctor forgets his own requirements for Elizabeth. We are informed that Proctor does not lie and informs things the method they are. He speaks his mind. ‘I labour the earth from dawn of day to blink of night and I inform you real.’ This shows that Proctor is a trust worthwhile person.
In Act 3, Proctor protects his pals and their wives as they are implicated of conjuring the devil. This gets him into difficulty as the court thinks that he is rebelling with their decision. This makes him brave as he is getting himself into trouble for others. Later on, Proctor tries to stop Giles Corey from entering into more problem. ‘Peace Giles, we’ll show all of it now.’ After trying to stop the proceedings, Proctor lastly confesses to the affair with Abigail. ‘I starved, and there is a promise in such a sweat.’ Here Proctor is telling the truth, just like a common hero.
In Acts 2, 3 and 4, a great deal of different individuals are accused for witchcraft. An accusation is also made against John Proctor for conjuring the devil. As a result of this he is put in prison. Proctor doesn’t want his pals being accused of witch craft, or conjuring the devil. This is why he admits to something he didn’t do and accepts overall duty for it. Although Proctor admits and signs on the paper, he doesn’t want his reputation put to pity and his kids’s name messed up. So this is why he admits however rips up the paper he signed on. As a result Proctor is hung. Proctor made a sacrifice for his buddies with his own flexibility. This is why he can be referred to as the play’s hero. Many individuals in Salem, particularly Rebecca Nurse believes he is noble and appreciates him a lot.
In conclusion I would say that ‘The Crucible’ is an outstanding play, based on the occasions that took place during the Salem witch trials. In basic I think that it has been a fascinating play to read about. This is why it has currently been adapted to produce a film from it. Overall I think that Miller has actually used many strategies in attempting to convince us that John Proctor is the play’s hero. From revealing us that Proctor is a sinner, having affairs, to a noble and kind hearted person, who risked his own life for his pals. I would partially agree with Millers viewpoint, believing John Proctor is the play’s hero. My factors for this are that a hero should be honorable and sincere and Proctor is. However Proctor is stated to have actually committed sin and is a fraud as he has had an affair with Abigail. Apart from this I would agree with Miller as Proctor has actually compromised his own freedom for the sake of his pals.