The Crucible Significance
The meaning of The Crucible The definition from the dictionary of a “crucible” defines it as being: 1. “An extreme test, since persistence or belief; a trial” (“cru – ci – ble”). It is well represented in the play since the entire story focuses on the witch trials. The witch trials were brought on by Salem’s beliefs, based on the Christian religious beliefs. This religious beliefs clearly indicated that witches were not to be accepted in a Christian neighborhood. There shall not be discovered among you any one that maketh his son of daughter to travel through fire, or that useth prophecy, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch” (FYI– Act One– Deuteronomy 18:10). Everyone that got accused had to go to court to get evaluated in front of the women, who decided whether the person was practicing witchcraft or not. If they were found guilty, they were hung or kept in jail. 2. “Metallurgy. A hollow location at the bottom of a heating system in which the metal gathers” (“crucible”). This is seen in the play in a metaphorical way.
As the story advances, there are more individuals gathering in the prison, due to the reality that the girls are implicating a number of innocent human beings of practicing witchcraft. It is a metaphor to the meaning of a crucible because the humans are represented by the metal, and the jail is represented by the bottom of the heater. If we have a look at the people that got implicated, it started out by being individuals from the lower social class, and as time advanced, the ladies implicated people from the higher social class. It took a while, since there were a lot of individuals getting accused.
They were beginning a collection of witches in prison such as Elizabeth Proctor, Tituba, Sarah Good and Rebecca Nurse. This is the reason why it can be associated with the meaning of a crucible; the witches were starting to collect in jail. 3. “A place, time, or circumstance identified by the confluence of powerful intellectual, social, economic, or political forces” (“cru – ci – ble”). For this meaning of a crucible, it is seen in the play more literally. Individuals in the town of Salem are getting accused of practicing witchcraft nd are put in prison because they are not powerful individuals in the community. For that reason, the definition of the word represents individuals in the play that are smart, that take part in the neighborhood with their political forces and individuals that have money. They are the people that rule the town, which control the witch trials. For instance, if we have a look at Reverend Hale, he is one of the judges in court and he is an essential character because he has money, he is a knowledgeable male and he’s in the greater social class. This is the reason he has the ability to manage what takes place in the court.
For example, in act IV, when he returns in Salem, he makes Elizabeth consent to speak with John in order to make him confess of witchcraft. The other judges, Danforth and Hathorne, do not argue with Hale. They always keep an open mind to what Hale has to say because of his value in Salem. If another person would have recommended this concept, such as Rebecca Nurse, the judges wouldn’t have considered it because she isn’t wealthy, she has no value in the court and she isn’t smart. In addition, Reverend Parris likewise has the authority to manage what happens in court due to the fact that he is a powerful character in the story.
He remains in the greater social class, has a great deal of money and he is smart. He is smart when it concerns conserving his reputation in town, that makes the confluence of all three attributes that manage the witch trials. Most of them are really self-centered, such as Reverend Parris, judge Hathorne and Danforth, triggering the court to be a bad influence on Salem. These individuals do not care about others, about the people getting hung, they only care about their names; their credibilities. 4. “A container of metal or refractory product utilized for heating substances to heats” (“crucible”).
This meaning is seen more metaphorically in the play. It represents the limits of the conflicts in the story. Everything was already stirring up in Salem prior to the trials, but once they have started, it made every conflict reach their greatest temperature levels, which led them to explode. They have reached their limitations and it is getting very messy. For example, before the witch trials, Mrs. Putnam was jealous of Rebecca Nurse because she had many kids, and how she is old and even has grandchildren. Mrs. Putnam never had lots of kids since most of them died. Reverend Parris, I have laid seven children unbaptized in the earth. Think me, sir, you never ever saw more hearty children born. And yet, each would wither in my arms the very night of their birth” (Miller, page 16). When the witch trials began, she blamed Rebecca Nurse of practicing witchcraft because it was stated that she was the one that eliminated Mrs. Putnam’s babies. In truth, she just blamed her since she was jealous of the quantity of kids she had. Before the witch trials, the citizens concealed their hatred for each other and no one was getting hurt.
As soon as the witch trials began, citizens began accusing others, in order to get something. It was a time to get fulfillment out of vengeance by blaming others of practicing witchcraft, which might lead to death. “The Vengeance is walking Salem” Proctor’s summation of the trials is that “Vengeance is walking Salem”. He is right due to the fact that various times in the play we can see that individuals are blaming others of practicing witchcraft when they aren’t, in order to get vengeance. They are being self-centered, and selfishness can draw out the worst in individuals.
For example, if we take a look at Abigail, she implicates Elizabeth Proctor of being a witch out of jealousy and vengeance. Before the trials had begun, Elizabeth Proctor had actually been blackening Abigail’s name due to the fact that she had an affair with her spouse, John Proctor. Parris questions Abigail in Act I: Abigail, is there any other cause than you have informed me, for your being released from Goody Proctor’s service? I have heard it said, and I inform you as I heard it, that she comes so rarely to the church this year for she will not sit so near something soiled. What represents that remark? (Miller, page 12).
This has actually made the stress in between them rise, causing a disaster when Abigail accuses Elizabeth of practicing witchcraft in Act II. Elizabeth is put to jail, while Abigail gets a fulfillment out of her actions since she has actually put her out of the photo. In addition, if we have a look at John Proctor and Mr. Putnam in Act I, they argue about the amount of land they own. The amount of land a person owned was something very crucial because time. It made them climb the social class and it made their name look better too. Some farmers weren’t reasonable and stole some land. Proctor says to Mr.
Putnam: “Your grandfather had a habit of ready land that never came from him, if I might state it plain” (Miller, page 33). Giles gets in the argument and concurs with John, which stirs the conflict. Later on in Act II, Giles Corey’s other half is accused of witchcraft, and he gets put to prison too. This will bring satisfaction to Mr. Putnam because once a person is dead, or confesses to practicing witchcraft, they lose whatever. Their house, their land, their name, it’s all gone. Numerous farmers would blame people they didn’t like in order to get revenge for conflicts comparable to the previous one with Giles Corey, John Proctor and Mr.
Putnam. As soon as someone’s challenger was put to prison, he could have his land. Finally, Mary Warren gets her vengeance on John Proctor in act III. Proctor forced Mary to inform the judges that she never saw any spirits in the air assaulting her, and neither did the girls. The girls then turn against Mary for ratting them out and they pretend she is raising her spirit up in the air. This is making her fall down the ladder that she simply climbed to get her area in the court. In order to get vengeance on John, she drags him along down the ladder.
She blames him of making her sing the Devil’s book, which then brings him to jail too. “You’re the Devil’s male! […] My name, he want my name. “I’ll murder you” he states, “if my better half hangs! We need to go and overthrow the court,” he states!” (Miller, page 124). At last, by the end of the play, the town of Salem is a catastrophe. “Excellency, there are orphans wandering from house to home; abandoned livestock wail on the highroads, the stink of decomposing crops hangs all over, and no man knows when the harlots’ cry will end his life– and you wonder yet if disobedience’s spoke?
Better you should marvel how they do not burn your province!” (Miller, page 137). These people damaged Salem because of their selfish minds, which brought evilness along with it. Work’s Pointed out “crucible”. Dictionary. com. Random Home Inc. n. d. Web. April 16th 2014. “cru – ci – ble”. The Free Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company. n. d. Web. April 21st 2014. FYI– Act One. 1997 McDougal Littell Inc. Print. Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. London, New York City: Marion Boyars Publishers, 1967. Print.