The Demand for Freedom and Equality in I Have a Dream by Martin Luther King Jr, Reading Lolita in Tehran by Azar Nafasi, and To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee

“Flexibility is never ever willingly offered by the oppressor; it needs to be demanded by the oppressed.” Much Like Martin Luther King Jr. said, flexibility and equality is not something that the oppressor can simply provide so generously. After all, freedom is not complimentary; it needs to be earned by fighting the excellent fight. Flexibility and equality is something you can not get without putting in the effort to make it. In the texts, “I Have A Dream” speech by Martin Luther King Jr., Reading Lolita in Tehran, by Azar Nafasi, and To Eliminate a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, liberty and equality is not given, however demanded and defended, for they are the principles and basics of life.

The speech, “I Have A Dream,” by Martin Luther King, was a demand for liberty and equality itself although it had actually already allegedly been given, proving that it was not and can not be provided. For instance, after he explains the situation he and his individuals remain in, Martin declares, “And so we have actually come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon need the riches of liberty and the security of justice.” (pg. 48,49) Martin Luther is demanding freedom and equality for the Negroes as a whole, demonstrating that he demands the check they were owed, but not given. He suggests that the Negroes don’t already have “the riches of freedom and the security of justice,” so he, representing the Negroes in America, is demanding for what they were originally assured. For another example, after he specifies all his conditions, Martin warns everyone, “The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.” (pg. 49) This exposes that they are fiercely demanding for flexibility and equality, to the point where they will trigger riots to receive what they deserve. He wants to make certain everyone comprehends that flexibility and equality is simply as crucial to the Negroes as their cash which they will require to have what is truly theirs. In addition, after he specifies everything he needs to state, Martin concludes, “I have a dream that a person day this nation will rise up and live out the real significance of its creed, ‘We hold these to be self-evident that all guys are created equivalent.'” (pg. 50) Despite The Fact That America had actually stated that all males are equivalent, equality and freedom weren’t in fact existent. They were just words, not actions. Martin believes that now that he has publicly and plainly required liberty and equality for his individuals, his dreams of America having the ability to “live out the real meaning of its creed” will rise up into reality. As a result, the Negroes, lacking freedom and equality, defend what was promised to them, understanding that it is a necessity in life.

In the memoir, Reading Lolita in Tehran, by Azar Nafisi, Iranian women, like Sanaz, suffer from the suffocating, fugacious limitations given to them, leaving no room for freedom nor equality. For instance, as she leaves your house, Sanaz, “places on her black bathrobe and headscarf over her orange shirt and jeans, coiling her scarf around her neck to cover her big gold earrings. She … placed on thin lacy black gloves to conceal her nail polish.” (pg. 82) This reveals that she is forced to conceal the small satisfaction of life due to the fact that of the new law that was implemented to eliminate any flexibility of choice from the females in Iran. The meaningful clothes and devices that she wears should be covered by dull black clothes, eliminating the basic pleasures dressing up gives. What she must be showing off is concealed together with the liberty she ought to receive. For another example, when females disobey the rules, girls are, “hurled into patrol felines, taken to jail, flogged, fined, forced to wash the toilets and humiliated, and as soon as they leave, they go back and do the exact same thing.” (pg. 83) Although the females in Iran were humiliated, tortured, and disrespected, they still performed secret acts of disobedience to send an indirect message of resistance. They couldn’t resist the sensation of needing flexibility, although they knew it was against guidelines, since you require flexibility in your life to truly live. Flexibility is never merely provided, due to the fact that it can easily be removed, just like the freedom of choice was drawn from the Iranian ladies.

Some people may disagree or argue, claiming that flexibility and equality is constantly entitled to us, any place we go. However, in the book, To Eliminate a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, it is proven that freedom and equality is never voluntarily given; it is fought for, and as an outcome, made as a “prize.” For example, because “Atticus had used every tool readily available to totally free men to conserve Tom Robinson, … We [Atticus and Tom Robinson] had such a great change … we had more than a likelihood.” (pg. 315, 323) This shows that due to the fact that Atticus tried his finest to combat for Tom’s flexibility, he ended up being so near to gaining the liberty Tom should have. Even when the Negroes were already proclaimed complimentary, they were never dealt with equally and was discriminated daily. Just because they were entitled to liberty does not make it that far more real. In addition, when Atticus and Jem discuss why Tom Robinson lost the case, Atticus concludes, “In our courts, when it’s a white guy’s words against a black guy’s, the white man constantly wins. They’re unsightly, but those are the realities of life.” (pg. 295) This quote contributes to how freedom nor equality was provided. In certain circumstances, no matter how difficult you battled, you would still lose since of the prejudice that existed. However, as time goes by, if the majority of the people recognize how much of an issue it is or how uncomfortable or wrong it is for them or others, liberty and equality will be won over. Paradoxically, flexibility is very costly and requires a lot of effort to obtain, indicating that defending it won’t be easy but will be worth it.

The authors of “I Have A Dream” speech, Checking out Lolita in Tehran, and To Eliminate a Mockingbird suggest the struggles of defending the liberty and equality the people are worthy of, knowing that it will never ever be straight provided. All around the world, people suffer from the suffocation from the loss of liberty and equality. Millions of individuals’s liberties and rights are stripped away from them, providing no option however to eliminate for them back. Regretfully, liberty is not totally free due to the fact that the people who remain in control will never ever willingly quit the control that they have. Even your wildest dreams of receiving freedom and equality can be worth defending with a touch of bad blood.