Evaluating characterization is the key to discover fiction’s controlling concept and central insight– style. Direct presentation– one character description technique– normally directly shows what characters resemble by exposition, analysis, or another character’s description. The other method to shape characters is to utilize the indirect presentation by explaining their actions and leaving room for readers to develop their own concepts about the characters. “Daily Use” by Alice Walker is a short story that expresses the disputes in between individuals’s different attitudes and worths of heritage.
This story is a remarkable story, but one that uses first-person perspective to tell the story, which offers readers a fresh reading experience. In the story, Dee, a black girl who has actually been educated, comes to visit her Mother and her younger sis, Maggie. Dee interests in a lot of the daily-used heritages in the family and wants to take something back for art appreciation. Mother does not decline any of Dee’s demands till Dee wishes to have the inherited quilt, which she plans to provide to Maggie as a dowry.
Dee does not understand the behaviour of Maggie and Mama of putting the treasures into everyday use, and she blames that they do not know the value of those quilts. This work of fiction uses both direct and indirect discussion of Dee, Maggie, and Mom to reveal the main theme as that the distinctions between people’s concepts toward heritage extensively exist in society, from objective-oriented to subjective-oriented and the conflicts in between. “Everyday Use” uses both indirect and direct discussions to reveal that Dee’s view of heritage is objective-oriented.
Readers can judge from Dee’s behaviors and Mother’s thoughts of Dee to recognize that she attempts to abstract heritage from the reality and emotions and wishes to appreciate and pass the culture by displaying and revealing the cultural signs objectively; on the other hand, she finishes the thinking about the essence of heritage. When Dee tries to explain the value of the quilt, she states that “‘These old quilts. are all pieces of dresses Granny utilized to wear … sewing by hand … Maggie can’t value these quilts. She ‘d most likely be backwards enough to put them to daily use …
Maggie would put them on the bed and in 5 years they ‘d remain in rags. I’ll hang them'”( 114 ). This narrative needs to be considered indirect presentation since readers need to establish Dee’s thoughts by judging her speaking. This indirect presentation leads readers to understand Dee’s view of heritage. Dee tries to seek for the cultural characteristics, like sewing by hand, in the quilt instead of concentrating on the real usages and psychological nourishment of it in the real life, thus she abstracts the quilt to be one cultural sign of her granny’s era.
Dee thinks about that just this cultural sign be shown and revealed objectively can it provide its biggest value; however, if people really put the quilt into daily use like Maggie, when the quilt turns to rags, this cultural symbol will vanish; therefore, the whole heritage will be broken and have spaces. The procedure of abstracting cultural attributes from real life and subjective emotions is a sort of process of unbiased thinking. Therefore, Dee’s behavior is a reflection of her objective-oriented view of heritage. Dee’s objective-oriented thinking also leads her to seek for the essence of heritage.
When Mother and Maggie are both scared of the smart and effective white individuals, “Dee, though. She will always look anyone in the eye. Hesitation is no part of her nature” (109 ). This narrative has direct discussion in it, because readers can directly know Dee’s character by Mama’s explaining at the latter part. This direct discussion leads readers to understand Dee’s idea. Dee’s character and habits show her contract of the equality of heritages, in which she does not need to be afraid to anyone from other cultures that appears more effective.
However, if Dee wishes to learn more about the concept of the equality of heritages, she first of all has to sum up and contrast the essences between different cultures. This process has to do with abstracting the heritage objectively. Just with this procedure can Dee comprehend that the essences of all the heritages are all about the spirits and behaviors of specific group in a specific age, without attaching any distinctions between low and high. For that reason, Dee’s character and habits also show that her thinking about heritage is objective- oriented.
Maggie’s view of heritage, on the contrary, can be referred to as subjective-oriented in this story by both indirect and direct discussions. Readers can examine Maggie’s behaviors and Mother’s descriptions about her to comprehend that she tries to consider heritage as emotional nourishment and worth, and can be passed on by putting it into everyday usage with self-experiencing. When Maggie attempts to give the quilt to Dee, she states that “‘I can remember Grandma Dee without the quilts'” (115 ).
This narration of Maggie need to be considered as an indirect discussion due to the fact that readers require to evaluate her by thinking about her action of speaking. This indirect discussion clearly shows Maggie’s view of heritage. As the view of Maggie, the function of the quilt is to advise her about her grandma. Maggie puts her missing of Grandma into the quilt specifically, and keeps it to be her psychological sustenance. Lots of pieces of memory will be advised when she sees this psychological nourishment, therefore she will get spiritual solaces.
In another type, this quilt likewise reflects some lifestyles of Maggie, and those things make Maggie feel relax and comfy. The seeking for the spirits and emotions must lead Maggie to pick to worth and pass the heritage by putting them into everyday use with self-experiencing. When Dee wants to point out that Maggie does not know the worth of the quilt, she declares that “‘Maggie would put them on the bed'” (115 ). This sentence uses direct presentation to tell Maggie because readers will directly know Maggie’s intension explained by Dee.
This direct discussion plainly shows Maggie’s view of heritage. Maggie will choose to value and pass the heritage by utilizing it. In Maggie’s perspective, the heritage carries her emotions towards her life, and just if she experiences the life under the heritage by herself can she reveal her emotions out. On the other hand, she will likewise include her own feelings into the heritage and pass it. Above all, Maggie’s view of heritage is nearly based on the factor of self-emotions.
There is no doubt that this sort of think is a sort of subjective-oriented. Mama, as the narrator of the fiction, is frequently presented indirectly and showed that she has conflicts in between the objective-oriented and subjective-oriented concepts towards heritage. Readers can examine her behaviors to acknowledge that though she does not decline the concept of objective-oriented, yet when there are conflicts and fights in between the objective-oriented and subjective-oriented idea, she will stand at the side of the latter one.
When Dee wishes to take the dasher with her for her art appreciation, Mom only “take it for a minute in her hands” without refusing to provide it to Dee. Nevertheless, when Dee wishes to take the quilt out of the very same reason, Mother “snatches the quilts out of Miss Wangero’s hands” and asks her to “‘take one or two of the others'” (115 ). These 2 quotes must be categorized into indirect presentations because readers can only judge Mom by her actions. These indirect discussions plainly show Mom’s point of view.
Mama does not totally decline Dee’s objective-oriented concept of heritage. Mama will not block Dee’s habits of abstracting a heritage into a cultural symbol up until the principle has actually not been broken. Under that concept, Mama may even attempt her best to help Dee to achieve her objective through Dee’s way. However, when Dee’s objective-oriented idea risks the presence and the interests of Maggie’s subjective-oriented concept, Mama will stand at Maggie’s side to safeguard her for fulfilling her requirements of emotional nourishment.
This type of choice, which has principle-adjustments in it, reveals that Mother has the conflicts in between objective-oriented and subjective-oriented ideas toward the heritage. In other words, “Everyday Usage” uses both direct presentation and indirect presentation of Dee, Maggie, and Mom to express the style that the distinctions in between people’s concepts toward heritage widely exist in society, from objective-oriented to subjective-oriented and the conflicts in between.
Heritage is the aggregation of the thoughts and behaviours of a group of individuals in a specific era. Just if people comprehend the worth of heritage and pass the heritage well can individuals’s experiences be extended. It is useful for individuals to comprehend the benefits and limitations in different ideas towards heritage in society. By comprehending that, individuals then can value and pass the heritages of humans utmostly by various ways.