The poetic of Kafka consists in endowing the unreasonable with coherence. The transformation of the protagonist in a pest can be comprehended as the dehumanization and the alienation of the human being in a Capitalist society. Gregor feels unusual and misconstrued in a hostile and incompressible environment.
With the change, he becomes mindful of his solitude and undervaluation in the situations in which he develops; work and family.
The reflection of the person in his relationship with society and the household is the place where the development of this economic-philosophical issue emerges, literarily attended to by Kafka. The transformation by itself does not represent a main element of the novel. If this were the case, the author would unquestionably have actually deepened this problem by specifying more plainly what is the change and how it happened. The figure of the insect is just a sign, an image, a metaphor the author utilizes to tell the terrible scenarios surrounding the regrettable man in his interaction with his environment under his new conditions.
Gregor Samsa embodies and represents the existence of countless individuals who, moved by the hidden threads of a set, secret and maker system that activates and transforms them into enslaved automatons, embody the docility and obedience of the standards. People are revealed as passive protectors of the system that exploits and oppresses them. The story is not just about Gregor’s change, has to do with the metamorphosis of his entire family. The Capitalist society transforms them into things of labor.
Kafka, beyond his own objectives, proposes the work in a Capitalistic society, as an activity external to the employee, where they do not feel happy, however regrettable. This financial and political routine that has actually shaped our society, imposes a typical order and rejects uniqueness as unsafe. Gregor Samsa is a symbol of the process of alienation suffered by the man who lives in Capitalism, unable to rise without believing, “What an exhausting profession it is that I have actually picked! Taking a trip day in and day out.
Working like this take a lot more effort than doing your own business in your home, and on top of that, there’s the curse of taking a trip stress over making train connections, bad and irregular food, contact with various people all the time so that you can never ever get to know anyone or become friendly with them. It can all go to Hell!” When Gregor sees himself transformed into an insect, he worries about his task and how he will provide money for his family instead of worry about himself.
Overwhelmed with the work and life he has, Gregor wishes to be fired. However, he has to withstand the exploitation to which he is subjected since he supports his family and had financial obligations to pay, “If I didn’t have my parents to consider I ‘d have given in my notice a long period of time ago, I ‘d have gone up to the boss and informed him just what I think, tell him whatever I would, let him understand simply what I feel … There is still some hope; once I have actually got the money together to settle my parents’ financial obligation to him– another five or 6 years expect.” Prior to transforming into a pest, the primary character was a fabric merchant.
His job was to make long and stressful trips to get clients to buy those goods, a task that hardly permitted him time because he was required to use most of his spare time to study brand-new travel plans to make more successful trips. With this details, can we develop the alienation of Gregor? We are in presence of an employee whose job is to offer an odd people an item that he does not produce. Nevertheless, Gregor has another task as a hobby, carpentry.
From this work, Gregor has produced an item for himself. This product is a frame, with which he framed the picture of the woman with a fur hat and fur boa, and of which her mom speaks proudly to the manager in the first part of the story, “Above it there hung an image that he had actually recently eliminated of a detailed publication and housing in a good, gilded frame.” When Grete and the mother mean to eliminate the furniture from Gregor’s space, he catches the picture because he doesn’t want that they take it far from him. The photography is a relate to his mankind.
Perhaps without a specific function, he is safeguarding a things that is truly human, that is an outcome of a human work, an item that he has produced for himself, that represents him as a human, “He rushed onto the photo and pressed himself against its glass, it held him firmly and felt great on his hot tummy. This image a minimum of, now absolutely covered by Gregor, would definitely be removed for no-one.”
The same can be stated when he mentions that he saw the tools he kept in his closet and his mama and sis attempt to eliminate them making him feel more harmed, “They were clearing his room out; removing everything he liked; the chest in which he kept his fret saw and other tools was already dragged off; they were now loosening up the composing desk which had almost sunk into the floor, the desk at which he had actually done all his homework when he was at the commercial academy.”
Gregor can not leave the unreasonable competition in between people, typical of the Capitalist system that sometimes make the co-worker appear like an enemy, “And even if he did capture the train he would not prevent a row with the chief because the company’s porter would have been awaiting the 5 o’clock train and would have long given that reported his failure to show up.
The porter was an animal of the chief’s, spineless and foolish. Well, expecting he were to state he was ill? However that would be most unpleasant and would look suspicious given that throughout his 5 years’ work he had actually not been ill when. The chief himself would make sure to come with the sick-insurance physician, would reproach his parents with their child’s laziness and would cut all excuses brief by describing the insurance medical professional, who obviously related to all mankind as perfectly healthy malingering.
” Therefore, he is affected by the alienation produced by personal property, the division of labor and the Capitalist mode of production. With this, the protagonist represents the scheme of the alienated worker, an employee whose life is virtually minimized to his work. Under this vision, the whole work would represent the dehumanization of Gregor required to the extreme, comparing the pushed away worker with an insect.
In this method, in The Metamorphosis, we witness the process of overall dehumanization of the alienated worker that culminates in death. In the first part, Gregor still feels amongst humans despite having actually awakened a while ago and end up being transformed into an insect, “They had actually recognized, however, that there was something incorrect with him, and were prepared to help.
The first reaction to his scenario had actually been confident and sensible, which made him feel much better. He felt that he had been drawn back in among individuals, and from the medical professional and the locksmith he anticipated terrific and surprising achievements.” During the second part, Gregor is going to dehumanize. When he starts to climb the walls and his sister thinks about eliminating the furnishings from the room to facilitate this, Gregor begins to accepting the animal inside him.
Nevertheless, at the minute in which the mother advises the child that the human Gregor would not have desired that the important things that connected him to his human side were removing from him, Gregor begins to understand that he is ending up being an animal and withstands it. On the contrary, in the 3rd part, Gregor appears to accept his improvement in an animal. He is even aggressive with the new assistant, and he no longer cares about the factor to consider of others when he stops cleaning himself.
He is even impressed by the violin his sister is playing, thinking that perhaps he has actually become an animal since he attracts so much music. It is necessary to remember that Gregor in the very first part mentions that he has never ever been linked to music, which causes the idea that a pushed away employee does not have time for anything beyond his work, making him not able to value music, “Was he an animal if music could mesmerize him so?” “With his sister alone had he stayed intimate, and it was a secret plan of his that she, who loved music, unlike himself.” Commercialism prevents individuals from living their own life. It deprives them of freedom and independence.
The fatigue and resulting disinterest in doing things you would normally take fantastic care to do might seem familiar to capitalist workers. Grete is not free from alienation and the results of work. Gregor’s sibling, who prior to the transformation was quite immature, had just one mission in life, sleep as much as she wants, look after herself, and play the violin. She was the one who was closest to her bro, and he was thinking of spending for music studies at the conservatory for her. The girl’s life turns upside down when Gregor ends up being an insect. Bit by bit, she goes from stressing over his precious brother to entirely repudiate him.
An example of how the alienation of work takes in individuals and changes them into individuals without any sensations is when Gregor hears his sibling sobbing in the next room in the very first part of the story and consider the possibility that she is doing it even if he can lose his task and not because something truly major had taken place to him, “Why was she crying? Because he would not get up and let the chief clerk in, due to the fact that he was in threat of losing his task, and due to the fact that the chief would start dunning his moms and dads again for the old debts?” The foundation of the relationship of this family appears to be solely financial, no love or affection. When Gregor stopped offering his household, they become aggressive and horrible towards him.
The daddy is even aggressive with him, “It was an apple; a second apple followed immediately; Gregor came to a stop in alarm; there was no point in operating on, for his father was determined to bombard him. He had filled his pockets with fruit from the meal on the sideboard and was now shying apple after apple, without taking especially excellent aim for the moment.” In the 2nd part, Grete frets about the food, hygiene, and wellness of her bro transformed into a bug. She still not working.
However in the third part, she starts working as a sales assistant while studying shorthand and French with the aim of obtaining a much better task, spending a lot of time on all these jobs of work and study. By not having so much free time, she does not devote the very same attention to his brother and handles to overlook him. So, once she changes into another push away worker, she does not appreciate the little however crucial things in life like taking care of her bro, “We need to attempt and get rid of it,” stated Gregor’s sister, now speaking only to her father, as her mom was too occupied with coughing to listen, “it’ll be the death of both of you, I can see it coming.
We can’t all work as tough as we have to and then come home to be tortured like this, we can’t sustain it. I can’t sustain it any longer.” Another example is her music. In the end, she plays the violin for the 3 visitors in your house, but after a while, it ceases to intrigue them. Is it possible that they truly did not like it due to the fact that she played badly? Possibly given that she works, she is unable to play the violin as long as previously. She has had the ability to lose practice since of the work that prevents her from developing her human capability, what is actually essential for her, “Indeed, they were making it more than obvious that they had actually been dissatisfied in their expectation of hearing good or pleasurable violin-playing.”
Karl Marx when stated, “The decline of the human world grows in the direct ratio of the valorization of the world of things.” Gregor’s daddy is a man who declared bankruptcy in his organisation and contracted a series of large financial obligations that his child was accountable for paying with effort. While Gregor supported the family, he spent five years without work. Although we do not know the age of the dad, it must be an older man. He no longer has the vitality that he when had.
With the metamorphosis of Gregor, the dad is forced to work. In the second part, the daddy gets a task in a bank where they make him wear a blue livery as a uniform. Something changes in the father when he begins working. First is the is the shift from a type of vagrancy to a mindset constantly prepared to work. This is evidenced by his obstinacy of never removing his uniform. Constantly wearing his uniform, degrades him as a human being exemplifying another object in the Capitalistic society, “With a kind of mulishness his daddy continued keeping his uniform on even in your home.”
Likewise, the day of Gregor’s improvement, the father seems to be only anxious about family’s finances. He attacks Gregor in some many ways, for example, throwing apples and forcing him to go back to his room, “Perhaps his daddy noted his excellent objectives, for he did not interfere except every once in a while to assist him in the maneuver from a range with the point of the stick (…) One side of his body rose up, he was slanted at an angle in the entrance, his flank was quite bruised, ghastly blotches stained the white door, quickly he was stuck fast and, left to himself, could not have actually moved at ale his legs on one side fluttered shivering in the air, those on the other were crushed painfully to the floor-when from behind his daddy gave him a strong push which was literally a deliverance and he flew far into the room, bleeding easily.”
The next quote also represents how the alienation of the dad with the work, makes him believe that working could be more important than making sure for his own kid, “Who could find the time, in this overworked and tired out family, to bother about Gregor more than was definitely needful?” Everything appears to suggest in the story that as the characters go into in the world of the alienation of employees in a Capitalist system, they dehumanize and forget the important things that make them unique.
Kafka had a particular objective with his story. He had no grace with the bourgeoisie. With a petulant language, the manager appears throughout the first part, in Gregor’s home, just knowing that he has been absent. Even it is obvious that Gregor can be seriously ill, he launches the traditional speech, with an informed look, that denotes falsehood and hypocrisy, about the unproductiveness of the missing worker, which if he is still in the business it is due to the fact that of the magnanimity of in charge. He does not think twice to expose Gregor in front of his entire household if he manages to subject Gregor to his authority.
Although he attempts to make us believe that he is a sincere guy who asks Gregor what is right, he does not stop showing himself without pity as the agent of a greedy bourgeoisie, who requires from his employees, the exact same working as a device. For him, they are not more than other product, “I hope it’s absolutely nothing major. Although on the other hand, I must state that we guys of business-fortunately or unfortunately-very often simply have to overlook any small indisposition, since company needs to be taken care of.”
The setting likewise has an essential function. The dining-room is the representation of bourgeoisie morality. This ethical, location special focus on the image, the appearance. Although the household is impacted by the drama of the transformation of their son, in the dining-room they attempt to pretend that they are a household like any other.
The mother is a weak female, who suffers from breathing problems and is easily impressionable; seeing his metamorphosed boy, triggers her to faint. She is the only person who looks after Gregor from the beginning. She is the one who notices in the very first part that it is getting late and asks him constantly if he is all right. When the supervisor arrives, she attempts to excuse her kid, safeguarding him versus the allegations. In the very same way, in the 2nd part, she reveals issue for Gregor and assists the daughter to prepare her kid’s room.
While there, she is the only one who thinks about the humanity of her son; eliminating the furnishings could be harmful to him. Possibly the only thing that can be reproached is the reality that she didn’t defend his son in the 3rd part when she had actually currently started to work. When Grete sentences that his sibling must leave, she did not object.
The transformation could be thought about a metaphor of the fate that Kafka gave to the alienated employees; end up being dehumanized animals. A transformation not just of Gregor however of his entire family, which goes from living in a bourgeois way to being part of the efficient system with all that this suggests for their lives and dreams. Therefore, the modifications that occur in the family correspond more to the results of work than to the catastrophe of Gregor’s transformation itself, without declining its importance as a trigger for modification.