Franz Kafka’s The Transformation is a masterfully composed novella about Gregor Samsa, a male who dedicates his life to his family and work, for absolutely nothing in return. Only when he is transformed into a defenseless beetle does he start to develop a self-identity and understand the relationships around him. The hidden theme of The Transformation is an existential one that states that any given choice will govern the later course of an individual’s life and that an individual has ultimate will over making choices.
In this case, Gregor’s choices of his part in society cause him to have an absence of identity that has made him to be numb to whatever around him. One morning Gregor awakens to find himself transformed into a beetle. Although the reader is never informed on how Gregor morphed into a beetle, or revealed that Gregor offers much thought to having a body of a pest, Kafka offers the strong impression that Gregor is extremely dedicated to his work and is the sole assistance of the household, none of which work themselves.
Gregor dedicates himself to a life of work and self-sacrifice,” [d] ay in, day out- on the roadway” (Kafka 4), following ever order, and expectation to a scurrilous degree. His life could be connected to that of a drone in an ant nest, and hence provides an explanation to Kafka’s reasoning when he is transformed into a bug, and downplays it. In reality upon finding himself transformed he immediately prioritizes his work above whatever else; The next train left at seven o’clock; to make it, he would need to rush like a madman, and the line of samples wasn’t jam-packed yet, and he himself didn’t feel particularly fresh and all set to march around.
( 5) Through his transformation into a beetle, Gregor abandons his mislead responsibility to society and instead commits the rest of his life to himself. Because of this Gregor’s household quickly grows to resent him as a problem to the family. Society and his family had no further usage for him, so Gregor starves to death is his bedroom. On the opposite end of the spectrum, Gregor’s daddy started the story as a lazy and non-productive human. He relied solely and entirely on his son. After Gregor’s improvement, his daddy did the same.
He became a proud and productive individual of the lower administration. He discovered the balance between work and leisure that Gregor could not. According to Kafka and existentialism, people have both a private side and a side with the commitment of society. It is our options that should be in small amounts of the 2, to preserve balance. If an individual chooses himself over society, he will lose the support of society; nevertheless, if an individual picks society, he will lose his uniqueness. Gregor at first chooses society over himself, which in turn changed him into the working drone he was.
After his physical transformation, he is forced reassert his focus to himself, and society deserts him. Through Gregor’s plight, his household became cohesive and efficient in society, each contributing through work and leisure. Gregor found out to live for himself far too late to end up being an entire individual. Gregor starts to search for home entertainment and fun in the type of a bug, a form that understands nothing but work, by crawling as much as the ceiling and hanging from there, or from wall to wall over the numerous objects, this gave him a sensation of “practically delighted absent-mindedness” (32 ).
Sanctuary quit any hope of returning to his human type or being a civilized working part of society ever once again, this was among the only joys Gregor had left in his life. By overlooking the purpose of being an insect, Gregor beats the function of living in his new kind of life, and in result, dies. The Metamorphosis advances the existential view that choice is the appropriate of the individual. It is the responsibility of the specific to maintain a balance in between work and leisure.
The Metamorphosis provides the idea that, if one chooses to dedicate their life entirely to work, they are no more than droning pests, yet if they dedicate their lives to leisure, they are no much better off. A balance needs to be found. As logical beings, the concern of moderation in between worth to society and value to self need to be assumed by the individual. One must be efficient in order to be important to society, and one must have leisure in order to be important to them.