Theme Of Deceptiveness in “Othello”
Throughout “Othello”, the theme of deception plays a crucial role. The arch-deceiver in this play is Iago. Iago’s duplicated deception moves the play forward to the climax and eventually to the awful ending. Although deception is constantly meant to deceive, the degree of deception varies upon the context of the circumstance. Another character that displays deception is Desdemona. The deception shown by Desdemona has a various objective as compared to Iago’s. Iago wants to get vengeance on Othello. The objectives of Iago are upsetting and evil.
An example of this is when Iago says to Othello, “She did trick her father, marrying you” (III. 3. 238). Iago wishes to harm Othello by putting doubt in his mind that Desdemona might be unfaithful. Iago does this with complete intentions to anger Othello. Another incident in where Iago deceives Othello remains in Act IV. Iago techniques Othello into thinking that he is talking with Cassio about his affair with Desdemona. Othello watches from afar thinking that Cassio is telling Iago everything about his relationship with Desdemona and Othello gets outraged.
In the conversation they say, Iago– “Ply Desdemona well and you are sure on’t. Now if this fit lay in Bianca’s power, How rapidly need to you speed! “Cassio -“Alas, bad caitiff! “Othello– “(aside) Look, how he laughs currently!” (IV. 1. 23-127)Othello watches from afar thinking that Cassio is telling Iago all about his relationship with Desdemona. This discussion outrages Othello. Iago is really talking with Cassio about Bianca. When Cassio laughs, Othello believes that Cassio is making fun of Desdemona.
Utilizing verbal deception, Iago was able to make Othello upset by informing him he would talk with Cassio about Desdemona. Iago tricks not just Othello, however Cassio and Roderigo too. Iago takesadvantage of his relationships with Cassio along with Roderigo. At the beginning of the play, there is a party in Cyprus and Iago talks with Cassio and advises him to have a good time. Cassio blindly follows Iago, believing the entire time that Iago is trying to help him. During this whole time, Iago plans the demise of Cassio, his supposed pal.
In order to acquire Cassio’s position as lieutenant, Iago encourages Cassio to take another beverage, knowing very well that it will make him drunk and disgrace him (II. 2. 38). Iago tells Roderigo that Desdemona will eventually wander off from Othello to be with Cassio (II. 1. 240) Iago convinces Roderigo to begin a quarrel that night with Cassio so that he will be removed of his lieutenancy and look bad in the eyes of Othello. Cassio ends up stabbing Montano due to the fact that Iago got him drunk. This deception by Iago is one of the most fundamental parts of the play.
When Cassio looks bad in front of Othello it opens the doors for Iago to put more bad ideas into Othello’s head. Iago has the ability to speculate with Othello that Desdemona has actually been sleeping with Cassio. Iago would not have been able to encourage Othello had Cassio still be extremely regarded and Othello’s lieutenant. Desdemona also uses deceptiveness throughout the play. The method which Desdemona utilizes it is entirely different than Iago. Desdemona’s deceptiveness is more subtle and her objectives are not to hurt others.
In the beginning of the play, Desdemona tricks her dad by going behind his back and marrying Othello in secrecy. Brabantio states, “O, she deceives me previous idea!” (I. 1. 184-185) Desdemona understands that by not informing her dad that she is only delaying the unavoidable discomfort that he will experience when he discovers. She tricked her father out of love and her objectives were good-hearted. This is extremely essential in the contribution to the story due to the fact that Iago is able to use Desdemona’s deception of her daddy as some base that she is betraying to Othello.
Deception is shown throughout “Othello” by lots of characters, most significantly Iago. Desdemona also deceives her father. Through deception, Iago develops the appearance of good, which ultimately fools individuals around him into believing he is faithful and truthful. The basis of Iago’s success originates from the carefully built trust with private characters. The deception shown by Iago is the basis of the stories progression and he does it with revenge. BIBLIOGRAPHYOthello by William Shakespeare (Mass Market Paperback– 2004-01-01 )