Themes In a Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller Essay

One dreams, through using imagination, of what will become of them as life progresses. Sometimes that individual lives passionately with desires of self fulfillment, eventually reaching their objectives in an ever so content way. At other times one remains lost, underappreciated, and ultimately brings with them a treacherous, loathing attitude. Willy Loman drives his life to the point of no return where images of his past become his contorted reality. Amanda Wingfield slips on the white dress of her adolescence and is unexpectedly tossed back in time, living as if she were the girl she when was at Blue Mountain.

Death of the Salesman by Arthur Miller was published in 1949, just four years preceding Tennessee Williams play of The Glass Menagerie. Interestingly enough, both plays begin with a look of disaster and end with self inflicted remorse. Although Death of the Salesman and The Glass Menagerie appear coincidently similar initially glance. Upon a closer assessment, it ends up being apparent that the similarities stretch beyond just the time of publication, however into analogous themes also. In particular, both plays fight with the difference in between impression and reality, the incapability of living in the present, and the desire for escape.

One utilizes their ideas in times of vulnerability to manoeuvre through scenarios. This may lead to even the revertion to the impact of narcotics to numb oneselves from what is truly happening. In both plays it is viewed that the characters have problem with distinguishing what is a fantasy of their imagination and what is reality. Amanda and Willy both deny their childrens underachievement and faults and think that the fate of their children lies within their hands. Thus, they picture their children as being something they are not, in an attempt to hide their kids failures. Such illusions allow Amanda and Willy to feel effective in forming Laura and Biffs lives. Amanda denies Laura as a cripple and fixes anybody who thinks her to be so, throughout the play. Willy affected Biffs belief that he had actually been a salesman for Expense Oliver. Biff starts to question this after the conference that never occurred. How the hell did I ever get the idea that I was a salesman there? I even believed myself that I was a salesman for him! And after that he offered me one appearance and- I understood what a ludicrous lie my whole life has actually been! I was a shipping clerk (Miller 104). In an effort to assist their childrens lives, both Amanda and Willy believe they know what is best for their kids.

Amanda thinks of that Laura couldnt be satisfied with simply sitting at home (Williams, 85). Yet Laura wanted to remain at home, apparent as she creates reasons for doing so and would rather have fun with the glass menagerie. Willy, like Amanda pictures he is doing the best thing too. When Biff remained in high school, Willy felt Biff need not study although Bernard encouraged them that he heard Mr. Birnbaum say- (Miller 33). Willy thought to himself that with scholarships to three universities theyre going to fail him?dont be a pest Bernard(Miller 33)! Willys believed on this scenario was delusional and impractical.

The characters are further misleading in what their position is in society as they climb up the business ladder and follow the American dream. In The Glass Menagerie, Tom believes that Jim wont fall short of the white home. In reality, a factory worker such as Jim, becoming the next Roosevelt is outrageous. Biffs younger brother Happy presumed he was making something of him self and following the American imagine success and cash. Delighted thought him self to be an assistant purchaser. Yet Biff makes his impressions fade and truth set in. You huge blow, are you the assistant buyer? Youre one of the 2 assistants to the assistant purchaser, aren’t you (Miller 131)? Furthermore through making use of illusion, the characters see themselves bigger than truth.

Amanda always boasts of her seventeen gentlemen callers (Williams 32) yet she was left by her other half. Willy believes himself to be popular and a well known salesman to the extent that when he gets here [he] never [has] to wait in line to see a purchaser. Willy Loman is here! Thats all they have to understand and [he goes] right through (Miller 33). Yet his sales do not justify this claim. I averaged a hundred and seventy dollars a week in commissions, Willy argued. Now, Willy, you never averaged- (Miller 82). The characters could not identify what was an impression, and which, a reality. Often, other characters attempted to offer tips of reality to the delusional others. These hints were constantly denied. Amanda made certain the gentlemen caller Tom had invited for supper was going to fall in love, wed and conserve Laura all within a matter of a supper. Tom attempts to describe to his mother that Jim is not knowledgeable about Lauras presence and hence the opportunities of Jim saving his sibling was slim.

Yet, Amanda brushes off Toms freedom into reality and continues to believe Jim is the one without ever having satisfied him. As a result, Jim ends up engaged to a lady called Betty. Willy has the same mindset as Amanda, unaware of any tips coming in his direction. Near the end of the play, Willy firmly insists [his] funeral will be massive! Theyll come from Maine, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire!Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey- [he is] known. Yet Ben constantly warns Willy that he [has] got to make certain [hes] not making a fool of [himself] (Miller 127). Willy pays no attention to this frame of reality. In the end, no one shows up to Willys funeral service, represented as Linda asks, why didnt anybody come? as it was merely Charley, Bernard, Biff, Pleased and Linda (Miller 137) and Willy appears like a fool. Both plays illustrate the characters using impressions to better their truths.

In both plays, the characters end up being dependant and obsessed with memories of the past. As a result, both Miller and Williams characters have the incapability of living in the present time. The characters turn to the past to make up for what they currently do not have. Amanda always advises Tom and Laura of the one Sunday afternoon in Blue Mountain (Williams 32). Amanda continuously refers to her one wedding as it is translucented a number of her list below actions. When Jim is due to get here for dinner, Amanda wears the very same white dress she wore as a girl. She then amuses Jim as she would have entertained among her gentlemen callers years ago. Amanda is kind, sweet and her face shines, proving reliving her previous enables her joy. Willy acts in the same way as Amanda.

He relives the past by replaying it in his mind. Willy especially recognizes times where the relationship between him and his children were at its peak. Willy delighted in the time he spent with his kids the day they were cleaning his car. I been wondering why you polish the car so careful. Ha! Don’t leave the hubcaps, kids. Happy, use paper on the windows, its the simplest thing. Thats it, thats it, great (Miller 28). Willy makes reference to this past memory as it is a time that he is teaching his boys, as a true American dad would, while also investing quality time. In today, Willys sons no longer hold the same regard and passion to be like him, as they once had actually had for their daddy. Willy likewise remembers the time that Biff [wore] a sweatshirt with a block S, [and carried] a football (Miller 28) as it was a time where Willys success as a dad revealed, raising his eldest son as a star football player. This memory compensates for Biffs present failure of joblessness. Willys memory is similar to that of Jims. Jim hangs around with Tom as he is the only one that can validate what utilize to be Jim.

Through Tom, Jim has the ability to relive his triumphant past as a star football player and a god to the other high school trainees. The characters also position the onus of the present, on previous events. What happened in the past is often used as a reason for the bad result of the present time. The photo of Mr. Wingfield dominates the living room space. It is a consistent tip of his abandonment sixteen years earlier and of Amandas error much like Lindas stockings are a consistent pointer to Willy of his error. Willy blows up at the website of Lindas stockings as [he] wont have [her] fixing stockings in this house! Now throw them out (Miller 39) he would demand. Mr. Wingfields abandonment and Lindas stockings are reasons as that add toAmanda and Willys life troubles. Willy also blames Biffs unemployment and loss of identity on if [Biff] hadnt failed math (Miller 110) as he brings it up in discussion with Biff. Willy also thinks that if he had gone to Alaska, he would have been doing much better than he was. in those days I had a yearning to go to Alaska (Miller 80).

In Willys mind, he needs to have lived a life like his bro Ben, who walked into a jungle, and comes out, the age of twenty-one, and hes abundant (Miller 41)! Given that Willy did not go to Alaska, he blames his misfortune and hardship on things that he should have done. Willy also blames little things that frequently represent the big picture of his life. Such small information consist of, I told you we shouldve purchased a well-advertised machine. Charley bought a general electrical and its twenty years old and its still excellent(Miller 73).

In both plays the past has an even larger impact as previous actions return to haunt the characters. The pasts influence is so strong that it impacts the characters abilities to operate in their present time. Willy often hears the buffooning voice of a woman [s] [laugh] offstage (Miller 118). He then replays Biff knocking on the hotel room door, his entryway and what he saw. At this moment Willy puts blames himself for ruining everything. This makes Willy lose his peace of mind as he concerns whether he is at fault for Biffs failure. Tom, just like Willy, ends up being haunted by his past up on leaving the Wingfield home. Tom describes that he can not stop thinking of his sis, Laura. These ideas stop Tom from having the ability to live as he remains in constant repentance.

When living through pain, hinderance, and agony there is no reason for one to remain. In both plays it is evident that the characters yearn to escape from their intolerable lives. They elude their realities through numerous routes. In The Glass Menagerie, Toms only instant escape is the fire escape, where he goes to have time far from his psychotic mom. Yet Toms real escape is the motion pictures where he visits every night. At the movies, Tom is able to relate to the heroes of the film. The movie plot is Toms only source of experience from his uninteresting house life. The characters also utilize the power of their minds to leave. Willys instant escape is that he- speak to himself (Miller 21). Willy speak to himself to leave his life and produce his own environment in which he is more comfy. Willys favourite atmosphere is one that involves Ben. Willy often holds conversations with Ben in hopes of beneficial advice from his bro. Although Willy believes Ben to exist, no one else can actually see him.

Late one night, when Willy and Charley are playing cards, Willy states, Im getting terribly tired, Ben as a shocked Charley asks, did you simply call me Ben (Miller 44). Willy was speaking to Ben as if Charley was not even there. Yet Charley, who can not see the piece of Willys imagination, concerns if he has misheard. Lauras escape is simply as quickly accessible as Willys creativity. Laura leaves into the lives of her glass menagerie through her mind, like Willy, in which she keeps display in the living-room.

Laura, like the charm and fragility of the glass, should be protected from the harshness of truth. She sees herself as the unicorn glass figurine. She escapes by enabling it to symbolise what she stands for, different and freakish in contrast to the other horses. Biffs escape is even more from the mind. For Biff, his route is out West where he is better than ever. There theyve got about fifteen new colts. Theres absolutely nothing more motivating or- gorgeous that the sight of a mare and a brand-new colt (Miller 22). Biff illustrates the West as something motivating that affects him as an individual. Out west is where Biff is comfortable and unwinded, as all the characters are in their places of escape.

Williams and Miller both composed plays that run parallel to one another. Death of the Salesperson and The Glass Menagerie appear coincidently similar in the beginning look, upon a more detailed assessment, it becomes apparent that the plays have comparable styles. In specific, both plays fight with the difference between impression and truth, the incapability of living in the present, and the desire for escape. Willy and Amanda both battle for control over not only their own lives, however the result of the lives of their kids. Tom and Biff wander around aimlessly, searching for who they are and what they represent. Laura and Delighted see themselves as something that others do not. In both plays, the characters have the ability to manage what is the most significant of all their powers which is their creativities.


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