Themes in Agamemnon, Inferno, Don Quixote
All writings of literature have a style and specific signs that are important to the work all throughout. Every writer is influenced by what is going on the planet around them when they take a seat to compose. In the play Agamemnon the theme is vengeance, in the poem Inferno the theme is justice, and in the unique Don Quixote the style is impression vs. reality. In all the works there are numerous literary devices that contribute to the meaning of the literature. In the beginning, in the Ancient time period, a lot of works were affected by Greek folklore and had a plot that began with a widely known legend.
Aeschylus did the very same when he wrote the trilogy Oresteia. The first play in the trilogy is Agamemnon, which was composed with a theme of vengeance. The background details says justice is the style, but I think once you take justice into your own hands it then becomes vengeance. This style of revenge returns in history prior to where the play in fact begins. The first act of vengeance is Agamemnon, the lead character, wishing to invade Troy due to the fact that the Trojan Prince, Paris, took Helen. Agamemnon compromised his child, Iphigenia, so that the winds would blow the fleet toward Troy.
For that reason, the 2nd act of vengeance is when Clytemnestra, the villain, murders Agamemnon to avenge their daughter’s death. Aegisthus, Agamemnon’s cousin and Clytemnestra’s fan, helps Clytemnestra eliminate Agamemnon because he is seeking revenge for Agamemnon’s dad eliminating his siblings and feeding them to his father. Agamemnon’s murder might be viewed as justice for the murder of his daughter, however his death was not a sacrifice as was his daughter’s. His death is not justice but vengeance.
Cassandra states that Orestes will concern kill his mom, which would be an act of vengeance for eliminating his dad. In this play vengeance just causes more killings. The revenge, seen many times in this play, was the typical system of governing in the primitive society of ancient Greece. Luckily, Aeschylus continues his story up until a system of government is made where individuals have real justice not revenge. The plot of the whole trilogy, Oresteia, is symbolic since it demonstrates how the Greeks have moved from a revenge kind of justice to justice by the law court.
Aeschylus uses various literary gadgets in his play. In Agamemnon, eagles, hares, spiders, and other creatures display the habits patterns of human beings, figuratively speaking, and thus become signs for those humans. For instance, spiders and snakes are associated with Clytemnestra since she has spun a web of treachery, like a spider, and has poised herself, like a coiling snake, to strike at Agamemnon. The purple carpet signifies the pride that afflicts Agamemnon as conqueror of Troy and the bloody death that awaits him.
Also the saffron, or purple, colored robe worn by Cassandra likewise appears to represent her death. Aeschylus utilizes flashbacks through many people throughout the play to explain previous events. The events that are flashbacked to give background details which is essential to a total understanding of the play. Lots of instances of flashbacks come from the chorus, which is extremely crucial to the play. Also the use of foreshadowing is seen, for instance, through Cassandra who has the present of insight and tells the reader about Agamemnon’s death along with her own.
The next time period in literature was the Middle Ages, throughout which Dante Alighieri wrote the poem Inferno. Throughout this time, many literature praised the Roman Catholic Church. Alighieri’s participation in the political affairs of Italy, and in particular Florence, assisted to form his views of the Church. In Inferno, Alighieri not just levels particular attacks on his political enemies, but likewise goes beyond the personal to make a persuading argument versus the contemporary Catholic Church as an institution. The style of justice is revealed throughout the poem Inferno.
This poem reveals a great deal about Alighieri’s views about justice. God, the Supreme Being, saw all the sin being dedicated and needed to do something about the outrageous habits of human beings. God created Hell to put all the sinners there because they do not deserve His love. They are all then brought to trial by ways of fantastic torture for the sins they have actually dedicated. For every single injustice, justice should be served. Alighieri divides Hell into many different parts according to what his belief on the level of punishment the sinners, the criminal offense, and the sin should get.
Alighieri then commits them to a torture that corresponds to the sins they dedicated throughout their life, this is how it is justified. For example, all the souls in the seventh circle where the Violent versus Next-door neighbors reside shed the blood of fellow males in their life times. They indulge blood just like they did throughout their lives, and now are boiled forever in the river of blood. The souls are placed in much deeper or shallower parts of the river according to the degree of their guilt. The style of justice shows up in their suffering.
The greater the sin they dedicated the much deeper they remain in the blood they are boiled in. God does not make exceptions and is fair and almost the penalties and circulation of justice. Each circle of hell in Inferno is in itself a symbol of justice, where justice is distributed throughout to the sinners. For example, in the 4th circle Dante, the protagonist, and Virgil discover the Hoarders and Wasters. Their suffering is a symbolic representation of their sin. It reveals that what they did was pointless.
Alighieri shows that strength is needed in times of terrific difficulty when he and Virgil climb Satan. Virgil tells Dante that climbing Satan’s extremely fur is the only way to move previous him. Alighieri utilizes this climb as a sign for the difficulties individuals should conquer in daily life if they wish to wind up in Paradise. Following the Middle Ages was the Renaissance Age. Miguel de Cervantes composed the novel Don Quixote throughout this time period. Cervantes was among the first to compose in depth about a hero who sets out to reinvent his own identity by sheer force of will.
This ides has actually continued for several years even appearing today in books and motion pictures. He utilized experiences from his own life to compose this novel which reveals the change in society from when chivalry was valued, to the time when it was absurd or perhaps forgotten. The main style in the novel Don Quixote is impression vs. truth. In the start, it is easy to distinguish between what is genuine and what is dream. By the middle of Part II, nevertheless, the differences are sometimes uncertain.
For example, when Don Quixote, the lead character, has a bad dream in the cave of Montesinos, one is no longer particular whether the dream is simply another misconception or whether it is an item of the mind of his sane change ego, Alonso Quixano. Initially, there are Quixote’s own mad delusions. Later on, his buddies start to play techniques on him and camouflage themselves in order to get him to quit his mission and return house. Likewise, the moving points of view in Don Quixote highlight the theme of impression vs. reality. The story is told by an author, presumably Cervantes himself, who often interrupts is tale to speak straight to the reader. In the Prologue to Part I, for example, this author even grumbles about just how much problem he has had finishing his work. The author declares that he is just retelling a real story related by an Arab historian, Cide Hamete Benengeli. Naturally, there is no such individual as Benengeli. The author made him up. Benengeli’s comments on the story represent another level of unreality that lies between the reader and the experiences of Quixote. Often Benengeli’s observations point out specific aspects of the unique to the reader.
While other times Cervantes uses Benengeli to tease Cervantes the author, for example, when he cautions the reader that if “anything excellent” is found missing out on in the story “it is the fault of its pet dog of an author rather than any default in the topic.” Ultimately Don Quixote states his name to be Alonso Quixano once more and appears to have actually restored his grip with reality. The books in Don Quixote symbolize the importance and impact literature in everyday life. Using mirrors is symbolic when Samson Carrasco appears in a match of armor covered with small mirrors.
Samson, who even calls himself “Knight of the Mirrors,” is pretending to be a knight only in order to deceive Don Quixote into giving up his quest. Samson’s trick “mirrors” Quixote’s insanity. I think it is symbolic at the end of the story when the 2 characters reverse their previous mindsets, Cervantes is trying to reveal the reader it is worthless to just adopt one single way of thinking. Likewise, I think, for the majority of the story, Don Quixote in fact symbolizes the impression part of the theme, while Sancho Panza represents the reality part.
After reading these works of literature one can understand literature is extremely intriguing if they can look deeper into the significance of the work and not just take it at face value. Each work of literature has a theme, however it is obvious to see that without all the different signs it wouldn’t be quite as great. Aeschylus, Dante Alighieri, and Miguel de Cervantes used lots of literary gadgets as well as their viewpoints about life around them to compose pieces that still affect the lives of readers numerous, many years later on.