To Kill a Mockingbird Ch. 12– 17 Study Concerns
1. Jem is now 12. There is an expanding space of understanding in between Scout and Jem. Discover two or 3 examples which highlight the psychological distance between them.
Before, Jem would constantly be Scout’s friend today he informs her to “stop pestering him” which she ought to begin “bein’ a woman and acting right”. Jem now likes to be kept alone and feels as if Scout is a lot more childish than he had understood.
2. How do you describe Lula’s antagonism toward Jem and Scout?
Lula feels as if the church is for black individuals only which the whites should not go and get involved in their activities.
3. Scout discovers the church service to be similar to her own except for couple of differences. Discuss what these are.
The church does not have any hymn-books, rather they have a music superintendent who leads them into the songs. As the leader states one line, the entire church will repeat it in a chorus. In addition, the reverend would ask God to help the ill, however instead of stating that typically, he concentrates on more specific cases.
4. Why does Cal speak one method around colored people and another method around white individuals? Is she being honest or hypocritical in what she does? Explain.
Cal is just being sincere because she does not desire others to feel as if she is patronizing them. If she talks the way she does around white people, they might make her feel as if she wants to be seen more remarkable to them.
1. Scout and Auntie Alexandra interact extremely inadequately with each other. Is the fault more with one than the other, or are they similarly at fault? Explain. Both are similarly at fault for not being able to communicate well with each other. Neither of them have actually ever attempted to be in the other’s shoes so with that, they can not understand why the other feels the way they feel.
2. Discuss Cousin Joshua Finch as:
a. Atticus describes him: Joshua Finch was troublesome and even tried to shoot the president of his college. The family needed to pay 5 hundred dollars to get him out of the difficulty too.
b. Auntie Alexandra describes him: She says that he was a fine guy, however just since she likes to make the Finch household heritage noise nicer. Discuss the distinction in viewpoint: Atticus likes to describe the reality of things as they are, while Aunt Alexandra likes to tell the silver lining of them.
3. What did Scout mean on page 137 when she stated: “I know what he was trying to do, however Atticus was only a guy. It takes a woman to do that type of work.
Scout understood very well that Atticus was attempting his best to teach his kids however he did not succeed because usually females at those times were the ones to teach the children about good manners and heritage. That was likewise the sole reason that Aunt Alexandra was there with them.
1. How does Aunt Alexandra feel about Calpurnia? Describe why this is” in character” for Auntie Alexandra.
Aunt Alexandra thinks that due to the fact that of Calpurnia’s skin color, it is not right for her to raise up the children. It is just like Auntie Alexandra to feel in this manner due to the fact that she feels like she is the very best when it concerns motherly situations.
Aunt Alexandra also likes to be in control.
2. Why is Scout so delighted about the brawl with Jem? The brawl is ended by Atticus however Jem and Scout are both sent to bed and that makes Scout feel as if they are now equivalent. When Jem states goodnight to her, she now feels as if they are both joined again.
3. Discuss how Jem “broke the staying code of our youth.” (pg. 143) Jem informed Atticus that Dill had actually shown up, and Scout and Dill feel like he is a traitor for doing so. This just shows though, that Jem is now becoming fully grown.
4. Dill attempts to describe to Scout why he did not want to stick with his mom and stepfather.State his reasons quickly in your own words.
Dill did not like being there since he got no attention from either one of his parents. All they did was being in a room together and check out, disregarding Dill at all. They also attempted to keep him occupied by purchasing him books or toys, however all he wished to do was to play and get attention from his moms and dads.
1. Atticus goes over the Ku Klux Klan on pg. 149 and concludes by stating that the Klan is gone. Is this declaration correct? Explain.
This declaration is not appropriate due to the fact that after doing the pre-reading research study, I learnt that the KKK still exists.
2. Explain occasions prior to the scene at the Maycomb prison that reveal the stress and unrest of the town. Be specific. First Mr.
Tate and a group of men came to Atticus’ house to talk to him. Then Atticus went to the prison in the middle of the night to protect Tom Robinson. While he was there, a mob of males consisting of Mr. Walter Cunningham circled around Atticus. Mr. Underwood even had to be inside equipped with shotgun.
3. Talk about the paradox of the following declaration and the situation which it describes on pg. 153. “… there fooled what I later understood was a sickeningly comic aspect of an unfunny situation: the guys talked in near-whispers. “
The paradox in this sentence reveals that when Atticus says not to talk due to the fact that he wants Tom Robinson to oversleep peace, however then the mean continue to whisper.
4. Why does Jem honestly defy Atticus and refuse to leave?
Jem is stressed to death about what will happen to his dad with the mob of males.
5. What does Scout’s childish effort at discussion achieve? Explain.
Scout’s conversation attempt makes the guys go away. Because she does this, Mr. Walter Cunningham is advised of his own kid and questions what will occur if they kill Atticus. They then go away.
6. Why was Atticus so affectionate toward Jem after Jem had disobeyed him?
Atticus can tell that his son was so concerned and enjoys him, for that reason he shows his love back. Also, if Jem had not come, the males could have seriously hurt Atticus.
1. Atticus remains in difference with Auntie Alexandra over numerous things. Go over at least two matters of dispute and each one’s position or perspective.
They quarrel about discussing Mr. Underwood disliking Negroes in front of Calpurnia. Atticus sees that she is one of the household so it’s alright to talk about anything, but Aunt Alexandra only sees her as a mere housemaid and thinks that such essential subjects should not be discussed in front of Calpurnia.
2. Paraphrase how Atticus discusses the mob’s actions to Hunt.
Atticus describes that the mob was just a huge group of individuals but they do not truly do anything damaging.
3. Why do you expect a guy like Mr. Underwood (who is a recognized hater of Negroes) was covering Atticus at the jail?
Mr. Underwood was a guy who appreciated and valued Atticus, although he did not like Negroes.
4. Mr. Dolphus Raymond is evidently a complex and intriguing individual. Explain his way of living and talk about its impact upon the town.
Mr. Raymond is one of the men in Maycomb who has actually a colored partner which is considered strange to everybody in the society.He also drinks coke everyday, but people think it to be scotch. Mr. Raymond likewise does not spend time the white people, but rather the colored ones. The town does not like him and thinks he is nearly like an outcast.
5. Judge Taylor’s look and his capability are two various things. Why do you think this difference exists? Does he appear as he does on purpose?
Judge Taylor looks various but has different abilities due to the fact that he may like the court to undervalue him. Perhaps he does this because he desires the entire court to feel as if he is powerless, however then shock them when he shows how he truly is.
1. Atticus invests a great deal of time discussing Mayella Ewell’s injuries. What does he appear to want to expose?
It appears like he wishes to reveal that her daddy, Bob Ewell may have been the one to batter his daughter instead of Tom Robinson.
2. The Ewells are “bad white trash.” Discuss this term according to what you understand about the method they live and the sort of people they have appeared to be approximately this point.
The Ewells are low-class people. They live behind the dump in a small cabin with 4 windows which are actually gaps in the cabin. During the summertime, the cover the windows with cheese cloths.
1. Mayella Ewell is both disgusting and useless. Provide examples of both qualities by declarations she makes.
First, she makes an awful offense versus Tom Robinson by stating “That nigger yonder took advantage of me.” Furthermore she insults Atticus and the entire court by calling them “yellow, stinkin’ cowards. “
2. What is so crucial about Tom Robinson’s physical appearance? What, according to the testimony, does this prove beyond a doubt?
Tom Robinson’s left arm is gone, which means that he might not have actually hit Mayella with that arm.
3. How does Atticus appear to feel about his method of cross-examining Mayella?Explain why this is so?
Atticus dislikes how he must cross-examine Mayella due to the fact that the method he examines her is shooting deep and individual questions at her. He likewise utilizes his severe tones on her, that makes him nearly feel sick to his stomach because he barely ever uses it.
1. In contrast to the Ewells, what kind of person is Tom Robinson? Discuss with evidence.
Tom is a sincere guy, while Bob Ewell is an unclean and low male. Tom has a family that he cares for and works hard for, despite his handicap. Mr. Ewell however is an alcoholic who does not care one bit for his family.Even though their morals are completely various, Bob Ewell is thought about to be higher in stature than Tom Robinson since of his race.
2. Why does Atticus point out Tom’s previous record of conviction?
Atticus does not want to make the court feel as if he is just brushing the previous record away. He does indeed tell the court that Tom has had a record of conviction previously, but states it as if it is extremely minor and does not matter.
3. According to Tom’s testimony, what in fact occurred on November 21? Be specific.
Mayella asked Tom to come and assist her, and after that welcomed him into her house.While he was about to begin his work, Mayella threw herself on him and started to kiss him, trying to tempt him. Tom understands that it is the wrong thing to do and pushes her away, but does not do any more harm than that. That is the moment where Bob Ewell sees his daughter and Tom through the window.
4. What “error” did Tom make in saying that he felt “sorry” for Mayella?
Tom says that he felt sorry for Mayella, much like he was towering above her. He can not do that in front of a group of White individuals due to the fact that he is Black, representing the bias in the society.
5. Explain Scout’s declaration that “she (Mayella) was even lonelier than Boo Radley”.
She suggests that Mayella does not even have anybody to take care of her or to be with her. Mayella’s dad hits her and her siblings are no aid around your house. As for Boo Radley, he has his parents to take care of him, although he does not get to travel beyond his home. Mayella however, has nobody in her life and should even resort to discovering love from someone she understands is exceptionally low in the society.
1. How does Mr. Raymond defend his deliberate look of drunkenness?
Mr. Raymond states that he just pretends to be intoxicated so that nobody will come and trouble him. He has a black spouse and combined children so he understands that the town looks at him differently. Mr. Raymond wants to live his life the way he wishes to so he pretends to be intoxicated, and everyone in the town falls for it.
2. Why does he inform Scout and Jem about his life?
He tells him about his life due to the fact that he desires the kids to see that he is actually not a bard individual. It likewise shows the kids that the town judges individuals before they really learn more about them.
3. In 5 or six sentences, paraphrase Atticus’ summation (closing speech) to the jury.
Atticus states that he feels very sorry for Mayella for never ever being able to receive love from anybody. In addition she broke the code, she lied and accused Tom Robinson of doing something he in fact did not do. His reasoning for helping her was even if he felt “sorry” for her. He also says that everyone is produced differently. Some are richer, some have better tasks, and some are smarter. That is life, however in court everybody must be dealt with similarly.
1. How does Scout “know” about the decision before she hears it?
She understands since the jury doesn’t look at the accused they found guilty, which means that they don’t look at Tom due to the fact that they know he is innocent.
2. Why do the Negroes stand when Atticus leaves the courtroom?
The Negroes stand when Atticus leaves the courtroom since Atticus attempted to alter the entire court’s mind about the bigotry in the town.
1. How does Atticus feel when the decision is announced?
Atticus currently knew what the decision would have been however he wished that maybe with everything he had actually said, he altered the outlooks of some people.
2. After Jem reveals disillusionment over the trial and their decision, Miss Maudie defends the town and its individuals. Paraphrase what she states to Jem.
She states that usually if there were a case like this, it ‘d be all set in a minute. Now, the court has actually altered due to the fact that they do provide time for a case like this and Judge Taylor picks Atticus for the case instead of Maxwell Green.
3. What triggers Miss Maudie to say that a minimum of they have made a “child action” in the best instructions?
She states this due to the fact that the things that Maycomb has done makes the people a little less racist, but they are still a long way from being equal.
4. What sort of clown does Dill choose to be? Describe his thinking.
He wants people to laugh which is why he chooses to be a clown, a clown that can make lots of people laugh.
1. How does Atticus respond to Bob Ewell’s threat against him?
Atticus takes it gently and states that everything got out of Bob Ewell’s system so there is nothing more to worry about. He likewise jokes that he wishes Mr. Ewell would not chew tobacco, since it makes his breath odor bad.
2. Explain Atticus’ declarations about the following:
a. reasonable doubt: He frets about how the appeal will turn out and is orried about Tom. Atticus wants to produce doubt so that possibly they can win.
b. “When it’s a white guy’s word versus a black guy’s, the white guy always wins. “: In the society, white individuals are more superior than the Negroes. As soon as a white male accuses a black man of doing something incorrect, he constantly wins without any evidence.
c. “People have a way of bring their animosities right into the jury box. “: Jurors who go into the court and judge may have some discriminations toward others as well. It becomes a part of their personality so as soon as they are part of the jury, the prejudice sticks with them. d. “It’s all adding up, and one of these days we are going to pay the bill for it. “: In the future, there might be huge struggles relating to racial discrimination and everybody will pay for the rate of the expense.
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3. Quickly reveal the distinction in attitude towards the Cunninghams as revealed by:
a. Atticus: the Cunninghams are individuals who constantly give back, though not in the type of cash. They also do not take things they can not pay back, making them considerate.
b. Auntie Alexandra: Cunninghams resemble peasants and trash even if they are poorer than the rest.
4. Why can’t Jem accept Scout’s viewpoint that there is “just one sort of folks– folks”.
Jem now understands that there are not just one kind of individuals. Individuals’s characters are varied making them separated from one another.
1. What unfortunate qualities do the ladies of the missionary circle display? Do you think this is common of such groups?
The circle reveals compassion for the African people however at the exact same time scold the ones who operate in their own houses. It must be common for groups like these to be so hypocritical since most of these women do not like black individuals.
2. Discuss the paradox of Mrs. Merriweather’s admiration for J. Grimes Everett and her attitude toward the trial.
Mrs. Merriweather states that the trial is prejudice against black individuals and wonders why it can not be reasonable to everyone.
3. Scout feels she prefers guys to females. Why? Do you concur with her factors?
Scout believes that men are simple and can simply state things the way they feel. Ladies however must keep their mouths shut and discreetly make remarks utilizing praises to conceal what they really wish to state. I concur with Scout’s reasons because as revealed, the guys here primarily speak whatever is on their minds while only a couple females do so, like Cal or Ms. Maudie. It is much better to be honest about your feelings than to cover up how you really feel with false statements.
4. What does Miss Maudie indicate by “We’re paying the highest tribute we an pay a male”?
Miss Maudie means that Atticus is a fantastic guy. They permit him to take on a tough case like this so in a way they are paying tribute to him.
5. In this chapter Scout finds out something about being a true girl. Explain.
As a real girl, Scout needs to cover her real sensations. She has always got to place on a pleased face, not having the ability to reveal her emotions. Females can not speak as forthright as men can.