To Kill a Mockingbird: Irony and Sarcasm

To Kill a Mockingbird: Paradox and Sarcasm

Harper Lee’s To Eliminate a Mockingbird is an extremely related to work of American fiction. The story of the unique teaches us lots of lessons that should last any reader for a life time. The messages that Harper Lee relays to the reader are exemplified throughout the book utilizing numerous methods. One of the most essential and substantial methods was making use of signs such as the mockingbird image. Another essential technique was revealing the view through a growing child’s (Scout Finch) mind, eyes, ears, and mouth. There is another very substantial approach that was used.

In the unique, To Eliminate a Mockingbird, Harper Lee uses the impacts of paradox, sarcasm, and hypocrisy to criticize a range of elements in Southern life. < Harper Lee uses the effects of paradox in To Kill a Mockingbird as a method to slam the shortage of public education. "Now inform your dad not to teach you any more. It's best to begin checking out with a fresh mind." (pG. 22) Rather of applauding Scout's ability to check out at an advanced level, Miss Caroline prevents it. This ironic example set by Miss Caroline seems to show the inadequate training that she had actually gotten for her profession.

Miss Caroline seems to have actually been instructed upon a stringent requirement on how her trainees are anticipated to act, but when she comes across something different, such as Scout’s advanced capability to read, she recommends Scout to stop being advanced, whereas a modern-day schoolteacher would profit from Scout’s ability to read and motivate her to find out more. “You won’t discover to write till you remain in the third grade.” (pg. 23) The rigorous, recipe-style, rubric technique of mentor that Miss Caroline uses is once again stressed here. Miss Caroline once again dissuades Scout’s innovative capabilities and regards Scout’s capability with contempt. The Dewey Decimal System consisted, in part, of Miss Caroline waving cards at us which were printed ‘the,’ ‘feline,’ ‘rat,’ ‘male,’ and ‘you. ‘” (pg. 23) The Dewey Teaching Approach was expected to place an emphasis on “active” knowing, yet the irony in Miss Caroline’s “use” of it was that her mentor method wasn’t “active” at all. It was, in reality, very passive. The students in the class didn’t do anything. They became very bored and found out extremely little. As I have actually developed, using irony plainly exposes the deficiency of the general public education system in the 1930’s.

Teachers did not appear to be trained enough to handle the large capabilities of their students. Instead, they appeared to be trained to handle a narrowly confined amount of anticipated abilities. If Miss Caroline had actually recognized that Scout had advanced abilities, she might have permitted Scout to advance to a higher grade and conserve Scout from going through an academic year that teaches her stuff that she has actually currently learned. Public education is not the only element that Harper Lee utilizes paradox to slam, however. American political attitudes are likewise criticized using irony.; br; lt; br; Harper Lee likewise uses sarcasm to slam the American political attitudes that were plainly apparent in the South. “(When Alabama withdrawed from the Union on January 11, 1861, Winston County seceded from Alabama, and every child in Maycomb County understood it. )” (pg. 21) By listening to their moms and dads and other adults, the kids of Maycomb have actually grown to abhor Winston County for the same factor the adults despise it due to the fact that it withdrawed from Alabama in 1861. It would appear pretty idiotic to the majority of people to dislike individuals based upon what their ancestors had actually done 70 years ago. North Alabama was full of Liquor Interests, Big Mules, steel companies, Republicans, teachers, and other individuals of no background.” (pg. 21) Overheard from grownups, more than likely, Scout’s thoughts reflect the beliefs of a majority of the people in Maycomb. The political attitudes in the provincial South are slammed as the people seem to wish to stick to their old concepts and beliefs. Evolving originalities and beliefs are systematically rejected; any person that adjusts the originalities are considered as having “no background.” “Individuals up there set ’em complimentary, however you do not see ’em settin’ at the table with ’em? I think that woman, that Mrs.

Roosevelt’s lost her mind-just plain lost her mind boiling down to Birmingham and tryin’ to sit with ’em.” (pg. 237) The outright hypocrisy that Mrs. Merriweather states when describing the North is among the main elements that Harper Lee utilizes in slamming the South’s political mindsets. There appears to be nothing that satisfies Mrs. Merriweather, who shows the stereotyped southern woman-she abhors the North no matter what they do up there. As is plainly evident, making use of irony, sarcasm, and hypocrisy showed to be a highly effective tool in slamming American political attitudes in the South.

Through usings irony, sarcasm, and hypocrisy, Harper Lee implies that a bulk of the people in the South are close-minded upon their political views, never-changing and strictly one-sided. Making use of paradox and hypocrisy is most importantly used, however, upon the criticism of unjustified discrimination. < Unjustified discrimination, unquestionably on of the primary, key ideas of To Eliminate a Mockingbird, is a big element in which Harper Lee uses the impacts of irony, sarcasm, and hypocrisy in criticizing it. "He ain't company, Cal, he's just a Cunningham-" (pg. 9) This is among the very first times in which Scout Finch encounters unjustified discrimination, and regretfully, she stops working to recognize it. When everybody welcomed to one's house should be considered "business," Scout redefines it as "individuals more important than a Cunningham." Although she is at a rather young age, she currently regards people as socially inferior. Mrs. Merriweather invested an afternoon at the Missionary Circle complaining about the predicament of the bad Mrunas in Africa, but just a few moments later on, she specifies, "Might've appeared like the best thing to do at the time, I make sure.

I don’t know, I’m not read in that field, however sulky? dissatisfied? I tell you if my Sophy ‘d kept it up another day I ‘d have let her go.” (pg. 235) It is amazing that Mrs. Merriweather does not acknowledge her seemingly simple hypocrisy. Simply a brief while ago, she was complaining about the poor Mrunas in Africa not receiving adequate help, then she does a complete turn-around and grumbles about Atticus Finch assisting the blacks in Maycomb. The use of Mrs.

Merriweather’s hypocrisy significantly assists in Harper Lee’s denunciation and criticism of unjustified discrimination. “Jem, how can you hate Hitler so bad an’ then reverse and be awful about folks right at home.” (pg. 249-250) Scout had actually already heard Miss Gates state that it was “time someone taught ’em (the blacks) a lesson.” Miss Gates is so engulfed in the myth of white superiority that she does not even remotely recognize her hypocrisy when she knocks Hitler and says that persecuting any person is incorrect.

Obviously in Miss Gate’s case, blacks aren’t “anyone.” By having Scout ask that curious question to Jem, it is then implied that Scout is still young, she has actually not yet been effected by the misconception of white supremacy. She still has the ability to reason out the hypocrisy in Miss Gates, while Miss Gates does not see the hypocrisy herself. Harper Lee utilizes paradox and hypocrisy to show how individuals of Maycomb are so swallowed up in a range of components that they unwittingly total acts of unjustified discrimination.

Scout Finch was so captured up in small town provincialism that she concerned a Cunningham as socially inferior. Mrs. Merriweather and Miss Gates were so completely swallowed up in the misconception of white supremacy that they don’t realize their hypocrisy when they mention it. The use of paradox and hypocrisy was extremely utilized well to slam the aspects of unjustified discrimination. < The results that paradox, sarcasm, and hypocrisy hinder upon the readers' mind is probably the factor that Harper Lee employed them to criticize the various aspects of life in Maycomb.

It is one of the reasons that make To Eliminate a Mockingbird such an exceptional piece of literature. Just by itself, the employment of irony and sarcasm is excellent, but not that excellent. When combined with a wonderful and significant storyline, using signs, and the different other concepts throughout the book, they combine to leave outstanding active ingredients in a splendid recipe. Those are the reasons that make Harper Lee’s novel such a remarkable book.