To Eliminate a Mockingbird (What Lessons Scout Learns)
In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird the main character Jean Louise Finch (AKA Scout) discovers a lot of lessons. However I think the lesson she finds out can be categorized in 3 classifications, which are life, individuals and society. Scout finds out 3 essential things about life in the book. Something she finds out is that life is unreasonable. She experiences this in a court case with her papa protecting a black male called Tom Robinson who is implicated for raping Mayella Ewell the child of Bob Ewell.
Mr. Atticus had excellent reasons on why Tom need to not be implicated of rape and everybody in the court including the jury and judge made certain that he would win however at the end of the case the jury decided that Tom is the one who raped Mayella just because he of his skin colour. The reverend knew this would occur when he said, “… I ain’t ever seen a jury choose in favour of a coloured man instead of a white guy …” (Lee 79) The next she discovers is from her dad Atticus; he teaches her that violence is not the only way to resolve problems. At school a boy called Cecil Jacobs calls Atticus a nigger lover because he is supporting Tom Robinson.
When Scout heard this she beat up Cecil. When Atticus heard about this, he told Scout to “hold [her] head up high and keep [her] fists down” (Lee 101). The last thing Scout learns more about life is that people are considered great on what they do not what they declare about themselves. She discovers this when Ms. Maudie informs her that, “If Atticus Finch drank up until he is drunk he would not be as difficult as some men at their best.
There are just some kind of males who– who’re so busy worrying about the next world they’ve never ever learned to live this one, and you can look down the street and see the outcomes … ut now … I’ll state this: Atticus Finch is the same inside his home as he is on the general public streets.” (Lee 60). So these are the main points about life that Scout discovers in the book. The second thing Scout discovered throughout the book is about individuals she saw everyday and talked to most of the time in her town. First of all she finds out that to actually learn about a person you have to step in their shoes and see what they are believing, feeling and what issues they have.
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Scout discovered this important lesson when her dad Atticus stated to her, “you never ever truly comprehend an individual up until you consider things from [their] perspective … and climb up into their skin and walk around it” (Lee 39). Next she finds out that you must not evaluate individuals on what other individuals tell you. She discovers this lesson near completion of the novel when Arthur Radley conserves both Jem and Scout from Bob Ewell. At the start of the book Scout’s buddies tell her that Arthur Radley is an awful male who eats the cats he catches and they describe him as Boo as if he is a ghost.
But at the end she discovers that Arthur Radley is the one who saved her and Jem. Scout also finds out that both white and black individuals are the very same. During the Tom Robinson trials she notifications how Tom Robinson is a great person by assisting Mayella. Scout is surprised of how Tom assisted a white person although the whites were thought about as opponents to the Negroes. She is astonished that he still assisted whites, with no charge, after what gruesome things they have done to them. These are the three primary lessons Scout learns more about individuals in the Town of Maycomb County.
Scout finds out some crucial features of her society too. The first thing she discovers is hypocrisy. One day Scout is hanging out with the older women. The females have a conference, what they call a missionary circle where they would talk about ‘crucial news’. Throughout this meeting they were talking about the Mrunas a people in Africa and Ms. Merriweather states to Search that she informed Mr. Everett the male assisting the Mrunas at a camp in Africa that, “The ladies of Maycomb Alabama Methodist Episcopal Church South are behind you one hundred percent”(Lee 309).
Scout soon understands that Ms. Merriweather wishes to assist individuals half method throughout the world when there are black individuals simply down the street who need assistance. The next lesson Scout discovers is about the hierarchy in her society. Throughout the Tom Robinson trial there belongs where Mr. Gilmer asks Tom Robison why he is assisting Mayella Ewell. To this Tom Robinson replies, “Yes suh. I felt best sorry for her, she appeared to try more ‘n the rest of ’em-” (Lee 264).
To what Tom had said Mr. Gilmer glanced at the jury remarkably and stated, “You sympathized with her, you pitied her? (Lee 264) Scout realized that Mr. Gilmer marvels since in Maycomb white guys were the most powerful, then it is the white females, then the black guys and last but not least the black ladies. Because a black man is sorry for white ladies it not considered right for Tom to do this. So Scout generally learns that there is a hierarchy in her society. Scout learns one more aspect of her society, it is about race. She discovers a great deal of racist behaviour in individuals of Maycomb. There is an event in the book where Scout and Jem are required to a black church by Calpurnia.
When the reach the church Eula May does not let them be available in to the church because the children were white. So Scout recognizes that not only white individuals are racist to black people the black people are also racist to white people. So these are the 3 main facts Scout learns about her society. In conclusion, throughout the novel Scout finds out important aspects of life, people and society. There were lots of other things Scout discovered in this book but the things she discovered for these three topics would be the most essential lessons in her life.
Lee, Harper, To Eliminate a Mockingbird. New York City: Grand Central, 2010