Arthur Miller portrays a salesman, named Willy Loman in the play Death of a Salesperson. Faced with hardships and problems, Willy maneuvers in manner ins which cause his regrettable outcome. In the tragedy, Death of a Salesperson, the primary lead character Willy Loman’s fatal flaws were his unrelenting pride and his inability to deal with truth, which ultimately caused his demise. This novel is a tale about the catastrophe that was the life of Willy Loman. A catastrophe is a “serious drama” that depicts a “conflict” between the protagonist and a “exceptional force” such as which ends up with “devastating consequences” that generates “pity”.
(Merriam Webster) Death of a Salesman is a tragedy due to the fact that the main protagonist is a male filled with impractical hopes and dreams that lead to his demise. Although the story portrays a tragedy, I think Willy Loman attempted to find optimism in defeat. By meaning, an awful hero is “a terrific or virtuous character in a significant tragedy that is predestined for failure, suffering, or defeat.” (Dictionary.com) Willy’s life looked like that of a terrible hero, he was not one by definition since there was absolutely nothing fantastic or virtuous about him.
He was a typical individual who lived an awful life. As one critic recommends, “Willy Loman is too far down the social scale to be considered a classical “terrible hero” he represents the typical male.” We discover that he made mistakes just like any other person. In truth, among the errors he made changed the very way he lived his life and perceived himself. In the start of the story, Willy cheats on his better half and is captured by his son Biff, which adversely affects their long-lasting relationship. As a result, Willy constantly feels guilty, leading to a continuous battle between daddy and kid about nearly everything. One example of this is in Act II, after arguing Biff says to his dad, “Daddy, you’re never ever going to see what I am, so what’s using arguing? If I strike oil, I’ll send you a check. Meantime, forget I’m alive” (129 ). A lot of times they argued because Willy always wanted to see the favorable even when in truth things were not as he believed.
The disaster is that his life had lots of deceptions and misdirected dreams. In the start of the story, Willy discusses to his wife why they can not leave the congested city to reside in New York “They don’t require me in New york city. I’m the New England guy. I’m vital in New England”( 4 ). However, as the story continues we see that Willy had an incorrect perception of himself. In reality, he was not well liked. Rather, he was made fun of and pitied. In truth, his manager had wished to fire him, but just did not have the nerve to do it. This is seen when Willy goes to his manager asking to be offered a position as a floor salesman, his employer informs him, “I don’t want you to represent us. I have actually been implying to inform you for a long time now”( 83 ). After Willy’s life long commitment to the company, he is fired and even then, he does not awaken to the understanding that in society he is nothing special. Biff attempts to make his daddy understand that he is nothing unique by stating, “Pop! I’m a cent a dozen, and so are you!”
This infuriates Willy who counterattacks, “I am not a dime a lots! I am Willy Loman, and you are Biff Loman!” Another among Willy’s defects was his relentless pride. For instance, when Charley provides him a job he declines stating he currently has one despite the fact that in fact he was simply fired. After additional conversation Willy finally reacts saying,” I can’t work for you, that’s all, do not ask me why” (98 ). We see irony here because a little after this Willy wants to ask Charley to borrow money but refuses to take a task from him. Willy Loman’s defect was his hubris and his inability to face reality. He had the right idea just the incorrect dreams. Ultimately, his unrelenting pride and his failure to face reality led him to his demise. One need to acknowledge that throughout the entire story he made every effort to make up for his mistakes and do the ideal thing.
He had mainly excellent intentions, however, he made errors just like any other human being. Nevertheless, contrary to many people, he evaluated himself roughly for his mistakes and continuously criticized himself. He tried to overlook his errors or hide them for the rest of his life. As the play goes on, we discover that he has a difficult time facing truth that is complicated by his unrelenting pride and at the exact same time, he suffers from self-loathing. As the play goes on and Willy’s identity as a salesperson is removed from him, we begin to comprehend much better the value of his life insurance coverage policy. After Willy loses his job, which was his main identity, he is forced to face truth that he could never ever be like his bro who was his hero. He might never ever be the dad he wanted to be or believed his boys should have.
He desired his boy Biff to look up to him and excel in life. He recognized that he was not the star salesman he always thought himself to be. We see this as he ends up being progressively preoccupied with his life insurance coverage policy, which symbolizes the just other method he can attend to his family; he has been a failure at whatever else. He always had the very best intents and the play ends with Willy trying to offer his household in the only way possible, as the review states, “Willy of course ends the have fun with nothing he can sell– other than himself, hoping that his ended life insurance coverage policy will pay up.”
According to Dictionary.com, the meaning of a tragic hero is “a terrific or virtuous character in a dramatic disaster who is predestined for downfall, suffering, or defeat.” Although Willy was not a virtuous character, in the end, he tried to do what he thought was right by attending to his family in the only method he thought possible. His life was tragic since he attempted to cope by residing in denial about his failures. In the end, he dealt with reality in the only method he thought he could, by taking his life.
Functions Pointed out
1. Miller, Arthur, and Gerald Clifford. Weales. Arthur Miller: Death of a Salesperson, Text and Criticism. New York. Penguin, 1996. Print. 2. “Catastrophe.” Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster. Web. 09 Apr. 2012. 3. “Terrible Hero.” Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. 4. Literary Criticism Attached