What Are the Causes of Injustice in Plays Our Countrs Good and the Crucible?

Our Country’s Good is a play written by Timberlake Wertenbaker, which is based on convicts and Royal Marines that were sent out to Australia in the early 1790s as part of the very first penal nest. The Crucible written by Arthur Miller in 1953, like Our Nation’s Great, were both set in colonial towns in the late 17th Century. Throughout the time, injustice was evident in every day society.

Abigail Williams is one of the characters that Arthur Miller utilized to show the style of injustice.Abigail Williams left the town of Salem confused and paralyzed in her wake, with many left dead and few to bear in mind the tale. There are a number of manner ins which Abigail displayed injustice towards townspeople, her good friends, and her enemies. Abigail had a power; a power that could convince anyone that she was right since she was feared. One apparent injustice is that she utilized this power to eliminate innocent townspeople because they needed to choose between death and damnation. Another injustice is that she was able to accuse people for doing wicked things, when she herself was far from pure.A third oppression is that she used her powers to kill innocent people that she had grudges versus.

Abigail was a prime example of how Arthur Miller showed his style of oppression. Dramatic allegations and confessions are an essential element of oppression in The Crucible. In the very first act, even before the hysteria begins, we see Parris implicate Abigail of dishonouring him, and he then makes a series of allegations against his parishioners. Giles Corey and Proctor respond in kind, and Putnam soon takes part, producing a chorus of indictments even before Hale arrives.The whole witch trial system thrives on accusations, the only way that witches can be determined, and confessions, which provide the proof of the justice of the court proceedings. Proctor tries to break this cycle with a confession of his own, when he admits to the affair with Abigail, but this confession is trumped by the accusation of witchcraft versus him, which in turn demands a confession. Abigail had the power to accuse and hang essentially anyone she desired, including John and Elizabeth Procter.

Utilizing her “endless capability for dissembling” she was able to knock anybody she wanted off the face of the arth. She managed to cause “hard proof” against John’s better half, so that she might have John all to herself. John Procter knew this, and while he was attempting to save his spouse, he wept out, “She believes to dance with me on my partner’s grave!” In this scene, the Judge naturally sides with Abigail and the innocent are left to pass away. Later on in the play, Abigail realises that John will never return to her and she wearies of playing her game. In the Crucible, Abby moves blame for Betty’s state by accusing Tituba of using witchcraft to get the women to accompany the events of the night in the woods.There would be serious consequences for Abby and the ladies being out in the woods and playing with spells in the Puritan society. Her worry for her own safety causes her to throw all blame on Tituba.

Abby understands that she will be thought over the black female, and gets her out of difficulty. Additionally, in Act II Elizabeth is set up to be arrested to get her out of the method so that Abby will have John to herself. Abby plants a pin in a doll that she has Mary Warren present to Elizabeth. Later, she will feign a discomfort in the accurate location of the doll’s pin.Abby thinks about Elizabeth an obstacle in her quest to have John, and is willing to sacrifice her to get what she desires. The nest in Massachusetts was established by Puritans who sought flexibility to practice their religious beliefs without disturbance. However, when they established their towns and villages, they did so with a sense of intolerance for all human sensation and anything that they did not comprehend.

For example, when cattle passed away, or an infant passes away in his crib, or a kid comes down with a strange health problem, individuals blamed it on the forces of the devil amongst them or witchcraft.The oppression exists due to the fact that some people are blamed for indescribable occasions as a simple way to dismiss how they occurred, due to the fact that a Puritan in excellent standing with God’s will did not bring his rage into the village or town. Rather than acknowledge that they didn’t comprehend all the events that took place, they found a method to discuss the actions as the work of the devil, acting through somebody in the town. An additional cause of injustice is the historic context in which the 2 plays are set in, which like emphasised previously, is a prime influence on the intentions of the ain characters. Both plays are embeded in times of colonisation, so they have various historical events that affect the characters. Justice and oppression are also shown through the less well known characters of Mary Warren and Grace Lewis, fans of Abigail Williams, and through Danforth. After Abigail and the girls are found dancing in the forest by Reverend Parris, there are rumours of witchcraft among them.

When the ladies discover this, they end up being more and more frightened of being implicated of witchcraft.Abigail is the first to admit to seeing the devil, and all the other girls participate in, so the blame will not be put on them. “I saw Sarah Good with the Devil. I saw Goody Osburn with the Devil. I saw Bridget Bishop with the Devil.” As soon as the allegations started, numerous innocent people in the neighborhood were taken away. They were then either forced to confess that they were witches, to totally free themselves from a public hanging, or deny that they were witches, conserving their integrity, however subjecting themselves to an unfair public hanging.

One of the very first individuals to be charged was Rebecca Nurse, spouse of Francis Nurse, a well-respected guy of the community. This disruption triggered great anxiety amongst individuals in Salem, as they would have least presumed Rebecca Nurse to be one to handle the Devil. “If Rebecca Nurse be polluted, then absolutely nothing’s left to stop the whole green world from burning.” Goody Putnam was the one to accuse her of witchcraft, for the death of her seven children, however even with no simply proof, Rebecca Nurse is hanged for “sending her spirit out on them. Wild accusations are flying between people in Salem. In the case of Martha Corey, Walcott implicated Corey of witchcraft, to settle a rating that had occurred four or 5 years back. Walcott claimed that after purchasing a pig from Corey, it died not long after that and “from that day to this he can not keep a pig alive for more than four weeks.

” Giles Corey, Martha Corey’s other half, was later killed for a different factor. He refused to give the name of a male who heard Putnam say he was “killing his neighbours for their land. Giles Corey passed away an unjust death, great stones put on his chest, pressing him slowly to death. Any outrageous claims were taken in by the courts, and everyone had a factor to accuse another, resulting in numerous innocent deaths. The main accuser, Abigail Williams, had an ulterior intention to destroy Elizabeth Proctor. In advance, Abigail had an affair with Elizabeth’s husband, John Proctor, and Abigail believed if she got rid of Elizabeth, she would have John to herself. Most of Abigail’s accusations were based upon incorrect claims, believing the relationship between her and John Proctor to be real love.

Proctor understands what Abigail is trying to do, and feels regret, as he is partly at fault for his relationship with Abigail. “I’ll not provide my other half to vengeance.” At the trial, Proctor no longer tried to safeguard himself and admits to having an affair with Abigail, describes Abigail’s plan to ruin Elizabeth for vengeance. Among the main flaws in the court system is when Danforth claims that “witchcraft is ipso facto, on its face and by its nature, an undetectable criminal offense … we must rely upon her victims-and they do affirm. He recommends that there is no visible proof; for that reason they should count on witnesses. However, he can not tell if he has undependable sources or not, but chooses to believe the word of Abigail and the women, over any other members of the neighborhood.

When Mary Warren and John Proctor challenge the court proceedings, by Mary confessing that the info that Abigail and the girls are providing are incorrect, the court is hardly persuaded. However later when Mary turns her back and accuses John of witchcraft, the court right away takes this info aboard, and John is taken away.Also, when Elizabeth does not confess to John being an adulterer, this statement is utilized to excellent degree, so to the court people they think that John was certainly lying. In Our Nation’s Good, there are two historic main events in which the controversial justice system is affected by, The French Revolution and the American War of Self-reliance. These 2 events occurred in other words succession of each other and their effects produced craze in the latter half of the 18th century. This promoted worry in England which provoked a revolution.The Americans had liberated themselves from England, and coincidentally the primary found guilty housing throughout the whole empire was lost; just like in Sydney Cove.

As an outcome of the shortage of found guilty real estate stringent guidelines were imposed to fend off revolutionists and therefore, new nests were developed. Our Country’s Good programs the class system in the found guilty camp and talks about styles such as punishment, the Georgian judicial system, and the idea that it is possible for ‘theatre to be a humanising force.It was a time of immense social change in Britain, with the start and other parts of the British Empire. Social reform under political leaders such as Robert Peel and advocates like William Wilberforce, Thomas Clarkson and members of the Clapham Sect began to produce radical change in locations such as the abolition of slavery, jail reform and social justice. The Crucible can be perceived as a direct attack on McCarthyism (the policy of ferreting out Communists). When Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were implicated of spying for the Soviets and executed, the cast and audience of Miller’s play observed a moment of silence. For something, there were, as far as one can tell, no actual witches or devil-worshipers in Salem.

Miller’s Communist pals were typically less innocent than the victims of the Salem witch trials, like Rebecca Nurse or the tragic John Proctor. It consists of the narrow-mindedness and disregard for the individuals that characterise the government’s effort to mark out a viewed social ill.The American Home of Self-reliance impacted the justice system in numerous ways. First of all, it consists of the narrow mindedness and neglect for the individuals that characterise the federal government’s effort to stamp out a viewed ill. No actual witches or devil whisperers existed in Salem, nevertheless several parallels existed in between the un American home of self-reliance. Comparing and contrasting these 2 plays have actually made me think about the results of justice and injustice in the two plays. I believe in The Crucible, Salem is torn apart, due to the level of Abigail’s creativity nd power.

In the end, oppression thrived upon the souls of the neighborhood, leaving numerous innocent people dead. Justice did not prevail, as the heart behind the case; John Proctor chose to keep his self-respect and stability, than live a life of lies. Proctor’s courageous decision, at the close of the play, to die instead of confess to a sin that he did not dedicate, finally breaks the cycle. The court collapses soon afterward, reversed by the refusal of its victims to propagate lies.In Our Nation’s Great Guv Phillip’s position on the situation indicates that our morals are set by society and are not concrete. They are based upon specific background and experiences, and likewise culture. Throughout different periods in history and among various societies, morals differ greatly.

For that reason, Phillip’s argument is that it is not the detainees’ absence of morality that put them in the position they are in, due to the fact that morals are relative and differ from each individual and society; but rather, it is their training that led them to the life they lead.I agree with Phillips view of morality. It is similar to that of justice and injustice in the play; results of background history, culture and society have actually impacted the justice of both of these plays. Some outcomes in the plays were not in the hands of each character, as some results were totally expected.Bibliography The Crucible– Arthur Miller composed in 1953 Our Nation’s Excellent– Timberlake Wertenbaker composed in 1988