No matter how well we prepare the future, things frequently fail. ‘Of Mice and Males’, a novella by John Steinbeck, highlights the misery and misfortune of the American people in the 1930s. Following the collapse of the New york city Wall Street stock exchange, the US went into a prolonged period of financial depression.
During this period of failed service, harsh hardship and long-term joblessness, thousands of migrant workers came to California in look for work.
In attempts to get away the ‘dust bowl’ (a series of droughts and stopped working crops) workers moved west, however to discover themselves in no much better state; toiling in ranches from day to day, inadequately paid, badly fed with nothing to loose but their hopes of pursuing “The American Dream” and certainly, as Steinbeck highlights, these hopes can be lost. Having actually lived and experienced this way of life, Steinbeck presents his views of society in the 1930s in the type of the characters of this book. He shows that the easiest elements of identity can be the factor of the shattering of one’s dream.
The luxuries of “The Promised Land”, the imagine being rescued of fear and loneliness and the desire to live a delighted life are but visions of a supernatural future for the characters of this book. Loneliness is a typical quality that a ranch- hand would have, however, weather or not it is a benefit can be argued. In the 1930s, Employees were never ever in one location long enough to even make friends; these men would grow impassive and frequently set aside their aspirations. Characters like Carlson and Wit have no emotional depth; they are not touched or encouraged by anything.
Steinbeck doesn’t describe Carlson’s sensations, however instead just the method he is ‘thick-bodied’. Carlson’s very first conversation in this book is one where he plots to kill Candy’s canine. Here we right away acknowledge Carlson’s indifferent nature. He is among the best survivors at the cattle ranch since of this; he squanders no time in planning ‘dreams’ for himself. Steinbeck uses Carlson’s character to design a common ranch- hand, solitude a key for his survival. However, in contrast to Carlson, Lennie and George are the primary pursuers of the “American dream”.
Their vision of their future motivates them every day; and has actually ended up being the reason and primary influence of their choices. Together, George and Lennie thoroughly prepare their dream and work hard on the cattle ranch to generate income for their future. George has repeated their plan to Lennie numerous times that Lennie has in fact learnt the dream off by heart. George tells Lennie of how they are each going to get what they want; George liberty and Lennie “gets to tend the bunnies”. The two characters think that each can not seek their dream alone.
Obviously, George says, “We got somebody to speak with that provides a damn about us … ecause I got you to look after me and you got me to care for you,” and for Lennie especially, it has been the primary factor for their survival. The recollection of this dream is satisfied a number of times throughout the book. This shows that even the weakest of individuals can be promoted by the picture of their “perfect life”. Even George, though he appears quite difficult, compromises when he visualises their future, his voice becomes “much deeper” when he tells the dream and he “repeats his words rhythmically as though he had said them sometimes before”.
Steinbeck’s use of language here convey George’s sensations, his balanced tone and deep voice recommend that he is in a practically hypnotic trance- like mode, fantasising about his dream. This is very ironic however, seeing that George in fact ends this vision himself. He avoids his own dream from coming or ever being able to come true. There is a strong moral-thread in this story, usually determined as the issue for the “underdog”. Steinbeck sympathises with any “out of the normal” character, weather physically or psychologically handicapped, racially or sexually different, “diverse” people in the 1930s were thought about outcasts.
Criminals for example, both physically disabled and of a different (inferior) race, shows the public opinion that is cast upon those in his condition. He represents Steinbeck’s thoughts and what he considers life for these males. Like Crooks, Steinbeck sees dreams as worthless fantasies, this is revealed by the reality that Crooks does not in fact have existing dreams, he is well aware that dreams will never come true for guys like them; handicapped, bad, “black”. Through the years, Crooks has come to his senses, he has understood that his race is a substantial obstacle which stands in between himself and his happiness.
Criminals shows the requirement of a partner in order to be able to dream. He only starts to dream when he is around other characters. Being overlooked and disregarded has driven Crooks to separate himself from the neighborhood, disabling him from preparing any dreams. “He grumbled,’ A man goes nuts if he ain’t got no one. ‘” Here Steinbeck blames the social mindsets, we pity Scoundrels by the way he “whines” telling us how his dreams have nearly been beaten out of him and which now have actually been decreased to memories.
In contrast, George and Lennie’s dream represents one’s success if accompanied by a partner. This dream was the closest to becoming true as there seemed to be no faults in it. However, when Lennie passes away, the dream ends up being impossible to attain. Maybe like Crooks, this dream will become however a memory to George. Criminals’ memories of his youth mirror George, Lennie and Sweet’s dream, both similar in the way they were based upon being totally free, happy and being around individuals; “The American Dream”. Also, both dreams likewise snuffed out due to the results of the people around them.
When Lennie dies, George’s dream becomes extinct, likewise, Crooks’ dreams end when he is separated from his household, entrusted to no motivation, aspiration or vision to eagerly anticipate every day. This oppression, nevertheless, might be seen advantageous to some characters. For example, at the ranch, Curley has the upper hand; power, money and a better half. This is because, the prejudice society of the 1930s enabled offenders like Curley to make the most of less valued individuals, enjoying some advantages of the “American Dream” at the expenditure of the weaker characters.
Another view would be that on the contrary, Curley, though mighty and effective shows the suffering triggered by bias. He is silenced when a weaker character, Lennie, takes a stand (when Lennie squashed Curley’s hand). Steinbeck shows yet another dream shattered when justice begins to appear. At Lennie’s shooting, George is more pitied since his dream is not fulfilled, and now he needs to cope with the same torment and privacy Crooks withstands. “George’s voice was nearly a whisper.” Again, a dream extinguished, showing that justice has no location in this society.
Steinbeck shows George’s helplessness, how this was beyond his control and how this is how things need to end. Challenges in this novel are never overcome; they are barriers separating dream from authenticity. Lennie’s challenge in this story is plainly his mental disability. He positions himself in troublesome circumstances which in return pull him further away from his dream. An example of this is that when he kills Curley’s better half, Curley becomes determined to look for revenge and eliminate Lennie which disables the latter from satisfying his dream.
However, Lennie is not knowledgeable about his actions, he merely lives by what George trains him to do, encouraged by the vision George has actually constructed for him, eagerly anticipating tending his beloved bunnies. He does not comprehend what barriers are and does not see the ones he deals with. When Curley’s partner passes away, Curley is just identified to seek revenge, like Carlson, Curley has actually become a lonesome guy without any aspirations. “He worked himself into a fury” this plainly shows how Curley has actually likewise ended up being impassive and insensitive, the exact same method Carlson is, the same method George will be when he loses Lennie.
Furthermore, Lennie’s death shatters Candy’s dream too. Sweet’s hopes of a much better life reconstruct (as do Criminals’) when he satisfies Lennie, he starts preparation and preparing himself as if he was to relive his life again: “”He simply embeds in the bunk house honing his pencils and honing and figuring”” Candy is really passionate about this dream, he has actually constantly discovered that his age and handicap have avoid him from having a pleased ending. He knows that, similar to his old canine, he will be gotten rid of due to the fact that he is of no usage any longer.
There is a pattern here which Steinbeck stresses; he informs us that the strong and admirable will never have a happy ending at the cattle ranch. Candy’s dazzling sheepdog was shot because he became old and ineffective, Sweet is going to be tossed out of the barn for the exact same reason and Slim is predicted to end up by doing this too. Your position in the neighborhood depends on just how much you are accepted by society, which is based upon cultural mindsets. It is paradoxical how Candy is helpless due to his old age whilst Curley’s partner’s helplessness is due to her young age.
Steinbeck mean prejudice here which is simply society’s design male against the other types of individuals. Females, for instance were meant to be seen and not heard. They seemed to have no rights. Curley’s partner is an example of this discriminative concept. She is anticipated to stay at home and captivate her husband, no matter her desires. Nobody appreciates her aspirations to be a motion picture star or her longing for business. Even her mom tried to prevent her from attaining her goals since it was clear that women were weaker and less outspoken due to the fact that of their sex.
Curley’s other half is an extremely ambitious character, she says that she wants to make something of herself, she wished to be like “in the films”; rich, popular and glamorous. Her efforts to satisfy her desires backfire on her every time. She was disrespected and called a “tart” when she simply tried to find business. This is ironic as the ranch hands repeatedly speak about going to the “feline house” and having “a hell of a great deal of enjoyable”. This illustrates the method ladies were considered home, men might consider them as they liked.
They were not to have dreams but if they did their dreams were understood not to have actually come to life, just since they are women. “Of Mice and Men” is indeed a tragic story of how bias, bigotry, sexism and intolerance of the weak prevented people from accomplishing their dreams. In this novella Steinbeck shows the disturbing effects of declining those who are not seen worthy enough in the community. He blames society and, as I see it, primarily the physically and psychologically strong white males for perpetuating with this principle.
These men are even blamed for their own worthless lifestyles, they are the reason nobody can accomplish “The American Dream” due to the fact that the “weaker” beings are part of this dream too. Steinbeck shows us how society is the main impact on individuals’s lives. If one is declined in society, then their hopes and dreams will die despite the oppression and immorality it may bring. He disgraces society for its prejudice ways and holds it responsible for the suffering of all of its members, weak or strong.