No matter how well we plan the future, things often go wrong. ‘Of Mice and Men’, a novella by John Steinbeck, highlights the anguish and misery of the American residents in the 1930s. Following the collapse of the New York Wall Street stock exchange, the United States entered an extended period of economic anxiety.
During this period of unsuccessful service, extreme hardship and long-lasting unemployment, thousands of migrant employees pertained to California in search for work.
In attempts to get away the ‘dust bowl’ (a series of dry spells and stopped working crops) workers moved west, however to discover themselves in no better state; slaving in cattle ranches from day to day, inadequately paid, badly fed with nothing to loose but their hopes of pursuing “The American Dream” and undoubtedly, as Steinbeck highlights, these hopes can be lost. Having lived and experienced this way of life, Steinbeck provides his views of society in the 1930s in the kind of the characters of this book. He reveals that the easiest components of identity can be the reason of the shattering of one’s dream.
The luxuries of “The Promised Land”, the dream of being rescued of fear and loneliness and the desire to live a pleased life are however visions of a supernatural future for the characters of this novel. Solitude is a typical quality that a cattle ranch- hand would have, nevertheless, weather condition or not it is an advantage can be argued. In the 1930s, Employees were never in one place long enough to even make good friends; these guys would grow impassive and typically set aside their ambitions. Characters like Carlson and Wit have no emotional depth; they are not touched or inspired by anything.
Steinbeck does not explain Carlson’s sensations, however rather just the way he is ‘thick-bodied’. Carlson’s very first discussion in this book is one where he plots to eliminate Sweet’s dog. Here we instantly acknowledge Carlson’s indifferent nature. He is among the best survivors at the cattle ranch since of this; he squanders no time at all in planning ‘dreams’ for himself. Steinbeck utilizes Carlson’s character to design a normal cattle ranch- hand, isolation a secret for his survival. Nevertheless, in contrast to Carlson, Lennie and George are the primary pursuers of the “American dream”.
Their vision of their future inspires them every day; and has actually ended up being the reason and primary impact of their decisions. Together, George and Lennie carefully plan their dream and work hard on the cattle ranch to earn money for their future. George has actually repeated their strategy to Lennie a lot of times that Lennie has really discovered the dream off by heart. George informs Lennie of how they are each going to get what they want; George flexibility and Lennie “gets to tend the rabbits”. The 2 characters believe that each can not seek their dream alone.
Obviously, George states, “We got someone to talk to that gives a damn about us … ecause I got you to take care of me and you got me to take care of you,” and for Lennie particularly, it has been the primary reason for their survival. The recollection of this dream is satisfied several times throughout the book. This reveals that even the weakest of individuals can be promoted by the picture of their “perfect life”. Even George, though he seems quite difficult, weakens when he imagines their future, his voice becomes “deeper” when he informs the dream and he “repeats his words rhythmically as though he had stated them sometimes prior to”.
Steinbeck’s use of language here convey George’s sensations, his balanced tone and deep voice recommend that he remains in a nearly trance- like mode, fantasising about his dream. This is really ironic nevertheless, seeing that George really ends this vision himself. He avoids his own dream from coming or ever being able to become a reality. There is a strong moral-thread in this story, normally determined as the concern for the “underdog”. Steinbeck sympathises with any “out of the typical” character, weather physically or psychologically disabled, racially or sexually various, “varied” individuals in the 1930s were thought about outcasts.
Criminals for example, both handicapped and of a different (inferior) race, shows the social pressure that is cast upon those in his condition. He represents Steinbeck’s ideas and what he thinks of life for these men. Like Crooks, Steinbeck sees dreams as ineffective dreams, this is revealed by the reality that Crooks does not actually have existing dreams, he is well aware that dreams will never come to life for males like them; handicapped, bad, “black”. Through the years, Crooks has concerned his senses, he has actually understood that his race is a big barrier which stands between himself and his joy.
Scoundrels shows the need of a partner in order to be able to dream. He just begins to dream when he is around other characters. Being overlooked and neglected has driven Criminals to separate himself from the community, disabling him from planning any dreams. “He grumbled,’ A person goes nuts if he ain’t got nobody. ‘” Here Steinbeck blames the social attitudes, we pity Criminals by the way he “whines” informing us how his dreams have nearly been beaten out of him and which now have been lowered to memories.
On the other hand, George and Lennie’s dream represents one’s success if accompanied by a partner. This dream was the closest to ending up being real as there appeared to be no faults in it. However, when Lennie dies, the dream becomes impossible to accomplish. Possibly like Crooks, this dream will end up being but a memory to George. Criminals’ memories of his childhood mirror George, Lennie and Sweet’s dream, both similar in the method they were based on being free, happy and being around individuals; “The American Dream”. Likewise, both dreams likewise snuffed out due to the impacts of individuals around them.
When Lennie dies, George’s dream ends up being extinct, also, Criminals’ dreams end when he is separated from his family, entrusted no inspiration, aspiration or vision to look forward to every day. This injustice, however, may be seen helpful to some characters. For instance, at the cattle ranch, Curley has the upper hand; power, cash and a better half. This is because, the bias society of the 1930s permitted transgressors like Curley to benefit from less valued individuals, delighting in some benefits of the “American Dream” at the expense of the weaker characters.
Another view would be that on the contrary, Curley, though mighty and powerful shows the suffering triggered by bias. He is silenced when a weaker character, Lennie, decides (when Lennie crushed Curley’s hand). Steinbeck shows yet another dream shattered when justice starts to appear. At Lennie’s shooting, George is more pitied due to the fact that his dream is not fulfilled, and now he has to cope with the very same misery and privacy Criminals withstands. “George’s voice was nearly a whisper.” Again, a dream extinguished, showing that justice has no place in this society.
Steinbeck shows George’s vulnerability, how this was beyond his control and how this is how things should end. Barriers in this book are never ever gotten rid of; they are barriers separating dream from authenticity. Lennie’s challenge in this story is clearly his mental impairment. He positions himself in bothersome circumstances which in return pull him further far from his dream. An example of this is that when he kills Curley’s wife, Curley becomes figured out to look for vengeance and eliminate Lennie which disables the latter from fulfilling his dream.
However, Lennie is not familiar with his actions, he simply lives by what George trains him to do, motivated by the vision George has constructed for him, eagerly anticipating tending his beloved rabbits. He does not understand what obstacles are and does not see the ones he deals with. When Curley’s spouse dies, Curley is just determined to look for vengeance, like Carlson, Curley has actually become a lonely man without any aspirations. “He worked himself into a fury” this plainly demonstrates how Curley has likewise ended up being impassive and insensitive, the same way Carlson is, the same method George will be when he loses Lennie.
Moreover, Lennie’s death shatters Sweet’s dream too. Sweet’s hopes of a better life rebuild (as do Crooks’) when he meets Lennie, he begins preparation and preparing himself as if he was to relive his life once again: “”He simply sets in the bunk house honing his pencils and sharpening and figuring”” Sweet is really enthusiastic about this dream, he has constantly discovered that his age and physical disability have avoid him from having a happy ending. He understands that, much like his old pet dog, he will be gotten rid of since he is of no use anymore.
There is a pattern here which Steinbeck stresses; he informs us that the strong and admirable will never have a happy ending at the ranch. Sweet’s dazzling sheepdog was shot because he ended up being old and ineffective, Candy is going to be thrown out of the barn for the exact same factor and Slim is predicted to wind up by doing this too. Your position in the neighborhood depends upon how much you are accepted by society, which is based upon cultural mindsets. It is ironic how Candy is powerless due to his old age whilst Curley’s other half’s helplessness is because of her young age.
Steinbeck mean prejudice here which is simply society’s design man versus the other types of individuals. Females, for instance were meant to be seen and not heard. They seemed to have no rights. Curley’s other half is an example of this discriminative idea. She is anticipated to stay at house and entertain her spouse, regardless of her desires. Nobody appreciates her aspirations to be a film star or her longing for business. Even her mom attempted to prevent her from attaining her objectives since it was clear that women were weaker and less outspoken because of their sex.
Curley’s better half is a highly enthusiastic character, she says that she wants to make something of herself, she wanted to resemble “in the movies”; rich, popular and attractive. Her attempts to satisfy her dreams backfire on her every time. She was disrespected and called a “tart” when she simply tried to find business. This is ironic as the ranch hands consistently discuss going to the “feline house” and having “a hell of a lot of fun”. This highlights the method women were thought about residential or commercial property, guys could think about them as they liked.
They were not to have dreams but if they did their dreams were known not to have actually become a reality, merely due to the fact that they are ladies. “Of Mice and Men” is undoubtedly an awful story of how prejudice, bigotry, sexism and intolerance of the weak prevented individuals from accomplishing their dreams. In this novella Steinbeck shows the troubling effects of declining those who are not seen worthy enough in the community. He blames society and, as I see it, generally the physically and mentally strong white guys for perpetuating with this concept.
These males are even blamed for their own worthless way of livings, they are the reason nobody can attain “The American Dream” since the “weaker” beings are part of this dream too. Steinbeck shows us how society is the primary influence on people’s lives. If one is declined in society, then their hopes and dreams will perish regardless of the injustice and immorality it might bring. He disgraces society for its bias ways and holds it accountable for the suffering of all of its members, weak or strong.